How to format your references using the Diagnostic Cytopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Diagnostic Cytopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Friedlingstein P. A steep road to climate stabilization. Nature. 2008 Jan 17;451(7176):297–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Serebrov V, Pyle AM. Periodic cycles of RNA unwinding and pausing by hepatitis C virus NS3 helicase. Nature. 2004 Jul 22;430(6998):476–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Amselem E, Sadiq M, Bourennane M. Experimental bound entanglement through a Pauli channel. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1966.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Haering CH, Farcas A-M, Arumugam P, Metson J, Nasmyth K. The cohesin ring concatenates sister DNA molecules. Nature. 2008 Jul 17;454(7202):297–301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Levitin V. High Temperature Strain of Metals and Alloys. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Van Assche K. Local Cosmopolitanism: Imagining and (Re-)Making Privileged Places. Teampău P, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. VI, 131 p. 12 illus., 7 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Geography).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zhang L, Wu Q, Qin B, Domingo-Ferrer J. Practical Privacy for Value-Added Applications in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks. In: Xiang Y, Pathan M, Tao X, Wang H, editors. Internet and Distributed Computing Systems: 5th International Conference, IDCS 2012, Wuyishan, Fujian, China, November 21-23, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 43–56. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Diagnostic Cytopathology.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. The Top 10 Feel-Good Science Stories Of 2015 [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/top-10-feel-good-science-stories-2015/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Adult Education Review. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Feb. Report No.: HEHS-95-65R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Yuknis CM. A grounded theory of deaf middle school students’ revision of their own writing [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Death Penalty Case Gives A Clue to Alito’s Methods. New York Times. 2005 Nov 16;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleDiagnostic Cytopathology
AbbreviationDiagn. Cytopathol.
ISSN (print)8755-1039
ISSN (online)1097-0339
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Histology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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