How to format your references using the International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marti, K., 2007. Planetary science. Sampling the Sun. Science 318, 401–402.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, X., Xu, J., 2014. Dietary and circulating lycopene and stroke risk: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Sci. Rep. 4, 5031.
A journal article with 3 authors
Norris, D.J., Efros, A.L., Erwin, S.C., 2008. Doped nanocrystals. Science 319, 1776–1779.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, H., Lee, A.M.D., Lui, H., McLean, D.I., Zeng, H., 2013. A method for accurate in vivo micro-Raman spectroscopic measurements under guidance of advanced microscopy imaging. Sci. Rep. 3, 1890.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sox, H.C., Higgins, M.C., Owens, D.K., 2013. Medical Decision Making. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Schnee, E., Better, A., Clark Cummings, M. (Eds.), 2016. Civic Engagement Pedagogy in the Community College: Theory and Practice, Education, Equity, Economy. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Zielinski, A., Simon, C., Wittl, T., 2009. Morphisto: Service-Oriented Open Source Morphology for German, in: Mahlow, C., Piotrowski, M. (Eds.), State of the Art in Computational Morphology: Workshop on Systems and Frameworks for Computational Morphology, SFCM 2009, Zurich, Switzerland, September 4, 2009. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 64–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. The Deeper Howler Monkeys Call, The Smaller Their Balls [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Research and Development Funding: Reported Gap Between Data From Federal Agencies and Their R&D Performers Results From Noncomparable Data (No. GAO-01-512R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stadalis, M.D., 2015. Development of a Conceptual Model and Instrument for Sustaining Successful School Reculturing and Reform Efforts (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008. Justices to See Philip Morris Case a Third Time. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marti, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Li and Xu, 2014; Marti, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Xu, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
AbbreviationInt. J. Dev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0736-5748
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Developmental Neuroscience

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