How to format your references using the Human Brain Mapping citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Brain Mapping. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lazar MA (2008): Developmental biology. How now, brown fat? Science 321:1048–1049.
A journal article with 2 authors
Janssen C, Marcus RA (2001): Does symmetry drive isotopic anomalies in ozone isotopomer formation? Science 294:951.
A journal article with 3 authors
Conrad CP, Steinberger B, Torsvik TH (2013): Stability of active mantle upwelling revealed by net characteristics of plate tectonics. Nature 498:479–482.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chan S-P, Kao D-I, Tsai W-Y, Cheng S-C (2003): The Prp19p-associated complex in spliceosome activation. Science 302:279–282.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Polushkin V (2005): Nuclear Electronics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ceccarelli M ed. (2007): Distinguished Figures in Mechanism and Machine Science: Their Contributions and Legacies Part 1. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. Vol. 1. History of Mechanism and Machine Science.
A chapter in an edited book
Parker A, Simari GI, Sliva A, Subrahmanian VS (2014): A Comparison with Planning Under Uncertainty. In: Simari, GI, Sliva, A, Subrahmanian, VS, editors. Data-driven Generation of Policies. New York, NY: Springer. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science pp 31–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Brain Mapping.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014): Researchers Getting Closer To Proving Gravitational Waves From Neutron Stars. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989): Drug Testing: Management Problems and Legal Challenges Facing DOT’s Industry Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fulton E (2010): Differential effects of nicotine on prospective memory, sustained attention, and working memory. Doctoral dissertation; Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2000): Powells Are Sticking Together. New York Times, July 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Brain Mapping
AbbreviationHum. Brain Mapp.
ISSN (print)1065-9471
ISSN (online)1097-0193
Clinical Neurology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles