How to format your references using the Human Brain Mapping citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Brain Mapping. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Katsnelson A (2014): Drug development: The modelling challenge. Nature 508:S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Neill JS, Reddy AB (2011): Circadian clocks in human red blood cells. Nature 469:498–503.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maruyama M, Lam KP, Rajewsky K (2000): Memory B-cell persistence is independent of persisting immunizing antigen. Nature 407:636–642.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Moisan N, Malinowski G, Mauchain J, Hehn M, Vodungbo B, Lüning J, Mangin S, Fullerton EE, Thiaville A (2014): Investigating the role of superdiffusive currents in laser induced demagnetization of ferromagnets with nanoscale magnetic domains. Sci Rep 4:4658.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kudnig ST, Séguin B (2012): Veterinary Surgical Oncology. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
van Eemeren FH (2014): Handbook of Argumentation Theory. Ed. Bart Garssen, Erik C. W. Krabbe, A. Francisca Snoeck Henkemans, Bart Verheij, Jean H. M. Wagemans. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Stipp H (2010): The Evolution of Cross-Platform Media Use in the United States: Insights from Consumer Research and NBC Universal’s “Olympic Research Lab.” In: Einav, G, editor. Transitioned Media: A Turning Point into the Digital Realm. New York, NY: Springer. The Economics of Information, Communication and Entertainment pp 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Brain Mapping.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015): Depression Doesn’t Spread Like A Disease, But Good Moods Do. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979): Current National Issues Involving Science and Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vande Voort PS (2013): A phenomenological exploration of faculty experiences using lecture capture systems. Doctoral dissertation; Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly SR (2014): How the Carolinas Fixed Their Blurred Lines. New York Times, August 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Brain Mapping
AbbreviationHum. Brain Mapp.
ISSN (print)1065-9471
ISSN (online)1097-0193
Clinical Neurology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles