How to format your references using the Human Brain Mapping citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Brain Mapping. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bainbridge WS (2003): Perceptions of science essay. Privacy and property on the Net: research questions. Science 302:1686–1687.
A journal article with 2 authors
Misra A, Ching WY (2013): Theoretical nonlinear response of complex single crystal under multi-axial tensile loading. Sci Rep 3:1488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chu L, Xiao K-J, Yu J-Q (2014): Room-temperature enantioselective C-H iodination via kinetic resolution. Science 346:451–455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhu Z, Guan S, Robinson D, El Fezzazi H, Quimby A, Xu S-Y (2014): Characterization of cleavage intermediate and star sites of RM.Tth111II. Sci Rep 4:3838.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Römer H (2004): Theoretical Optics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hrycay EG, Bandiera SM eds. (2015): Monooxygenase, Peroxidase and Peroxygenase Properties and Mechanisms of Cytochrome P450. Cham: Springer International Publishing. Vol. 851. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology.
A chapter in an edited book
Baronti M, De Mari F, van der Putten R, Venturi I (2016): Sequences. In: De Mari, F, van der Putten, R, Venturi, I, editors. Calculus Problems. Cham: Springer International Publishing. UNITEXT pp 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Brain Mapping.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015): World’s First Robot-Run Hotel Due To Open In Japan This July. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989): Actions to Mitigate Aircraft Noise at Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chow BJ (2016): Forming Infrastructural Materials by Mechanical Compaction of Lunar and Martian Regolith Simulants. Doctoral dissertation; La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017): On Adele’s Big Night, She Lauds Beyoncé. New York Times, February 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Brain Mapping
AbbreviationHum. Brain Mapp.
ISSN (print)1065-9471
ISSN (online)1097-0193
Clinical Neurology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles