How to format your references using the International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jokipii, J. R. (2005). Astronomy. Our interstellar neighborhood. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5714), 1424–1425.
A journal article with 2 authors
Choi, Y. J., & Lee, S. Y. (2013). Microbial production of short-chain alkanes. Nature, 502(7472), 571–574.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuhlenkoetter, S., Wintermeyer, W., & Rodnina, M. V. (2011). Different substrate-dependent transition states in the active site of the ribosome. Nature, 476(7360), 351–354.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Evans, P. G., Isaacs, E. D., Aeppli, G., Cai, Z., & Lai, B. (2002). X-ray microdiffraction images of antiferromagnetic domain evolution in chromium. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5557), 1042–1045.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allan, D., & Bragg, N. (2012). 802.1aq Shortest Path Bridging Design and Evolution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Silvestrov, S., & Rančić, M. (Eds.). (2016). Engineering Mathematics II: Algebraic, Stochastic and Analysis Structures for Networks, Data Classification and Optimization (Vol. 179). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hinow, P., & Radunskaya, A. E. (2014). The Mathematics of Drug Delivery. In A. Eladdadi, P. Kim, & D. Mallet (Eds.), Mathematical Models of Tumor-Immune System Dynamics (pp. 109–123). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 14). Does The Length Of Your Fingers Really Reveal How Good Your Directional Sense Is? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). USDA Proposal for Handling Conversions in ADPE Procurements (No. 092139). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, M. H. (2014). An Examination of Executive Function, Stress, and Adolescent Attachment to Caregivers in a Social Neuroscience Model Using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD) [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, October 16). Their Nemesis on the Ropes, the Jets Fail to Land a Knockout. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jokipii, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Choi & Lee, 2013; Jokipii, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Choi & Lee, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Kuhlenkoetter et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Evans et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation
ISSN (print)2165-0349
ISSN (online)2165-0357

Other styles