How to format your references using the International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns, C. J. (2005). Chemistry. Bridging a gap in actinide chemistry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5742), 1823–1824.
A journal article with 2 authors
Awasthi, A., & Kuchroo, V. K. (2009). Immunology. The yin and yang of follicular helper T cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5943), 953–955.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferrand, Y., Crump, M. P., & Davis, A. P. (2007). A synthetic lectin analog for biomimetic disaccharide recognition. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5850), 619–622.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kawano, R., Tsuji, Y., Sato, K., Osaki, T., Kamiya, K., Hirano, M., … Takeuchi, S. (2013). Automated parallel recordings of topologically identified single ion channels. Scientific Reports, 3, 1995.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El Hami, A., & Radi, B. (2013). Uncertainty and Optimization in Structural Mechanics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Harrison, T. (Ed.). (2011). Paleontology and Geology of Laetoli: Human Evolution in Context: Volume 2: Fossil Hominins and the Associated Fauna. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Janowitz, M. F., & Dallal, D. (2013). Dutch Women in an English Colony, Historical Background. In M. F. Janowitz & D. Dallal (Eds.), Tales of Gotham, Historical Archaeology, Ethnohistory and Microhistory of New York City (pp. 59–63). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 5). Newly Discovered Planet Has Four Parent Stars. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Immigrant Education: Information on the Emergency Immigrant Education Act Program (No. HRD-91-50). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Geist, C. (2008). The marriage economy: Examining the economic impact and the context of marriage in comparative perspective (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2011, April 30). Michigan: Koran-Burning Pastor Draws a Boisterous Crowd. New York Times, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boyer, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (May, 2014; Noonan, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Awasthi & Kuchroo, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Ferrand, Crump, & Davis, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Moore et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation
ISSN (print)2165-0349
ISSN (online)2165-0357

Other styles