How to format your references using the Dermatopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dermatopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruddiman WF: Retrospective. Nicholas J. Shackleton (1937-2006). Science 2006;312:711.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wade J, Wood BJ: The Earth’s “missing” niobium may be in the core. Nature 2001;409:75–78.
A journal article with 3 authors
Winn JN, Rusin D, Kochanek CS: The central image of a gravitationally lensed quasar. Nature 2004;427:613–615.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ceylan H, Ozgit-Akgun C, Erkal TS, Donmez I, Garifullin R, Tekinay AB, et al.: Size-controlled conformal nanofabrication of biotemplated three-dimensional TiO₂ and ZnO nanonetworks. Sci Rep 2013;3:2306.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kent J: ADA in Details. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
Suzuki Y: Tactile Score: A Knowledge Media for Tactile Sense. Tokyo, Springer Japan, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen S-J, Lan Y-C, Tsai W-C, Hu Y-H: Energy-Aware Task Scheduling for Noc-Based DVS System; in Lan Y-C, Tsai W-C, Hu Y-H (eds): Reconfigurable Networks-on-Chip. New York, NY, Springer, 2012, pp 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dermatopathology.

Blog post
Andrew D: How Parasites And Bacteria Could Be Changing The Way You Think And Feel. IFLScience 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Shuttle: NASA Should Implement Independent Oversight of Software Development. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Michaels JL: Changing cooperation to competition disrupts attitudes and valence: First test of a dynamical model 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger S, Bennhold K, Castle S: Britain’s Rebuke Of Its Leadership Upends E.U. Exit. New York Times 2017;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDermatopathology
AbbreviationDermatopathology (Basel)
ISSN (online)2296-3529

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