How to format your references using the Dermatopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dermatopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guillén N. Infection biology: Nibbled to death. Nature. 2014 Apr;508(7497):462–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dickinson JL, Koenig WD. Ecology and evolution. Desperately seeking similarity. Science. 2003 Jun;300(5627):1887–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saalmann YB, Pigarev IN, Vidyasagar TR. Neural mechanisms of visual attention: how top-down feedback highlights relevant locations. Science. 2007 Jun;316(5831):1612–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kawahara Y, Ito K, Sun H, Aizawa H, Kanazawa I, Kwak S. Glutamate receptors: RNA editing and death of motor neurons. Nature. 2004 Feb;427(6977):801.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Serval J-F, Tranié J-P. The Monetary System. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Bassis S, Esposito A, Morabito FC, editors. Advances in Neural Networks: Computational and Theoretical Issues. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Ma Z, Zhao Q, Zeng Y, Zhang H, Dai H-N. AT-MAC: A Novel Full Duplex MAC Design for Achieving Asymmetric Transmission. In: Kim KJ, Wattanapongsakorn N, Joukov N, editors. Mobile and Wireless Technologies 2016. Singapore: Springer; 2016; pp 41–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dermatopathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Oldest Human-Like Hand Bone May Help Us Understand The Evolution Of Tool Making [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Aug [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Department of Transportation Found That It Improperly Obligated Motor Carrier Grant Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britt AL. The Long-Term Impact of Preschool Education on Student Achievement. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leibovich M. The Real House Candidates of Beverly Hills. New York Times. 2014 Apr;MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDermatopathology
AbbreviationDermatopathology (Basel)
ISSN (online)2296-3529

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