How to format your references using the Dermatopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dermatopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D. Vaccine centres unite specialists in the battle against infectious diseases. Nature. 2000 Dec;408(6813):753–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray N, Chouard T. Neurotechniques. Nature. 2009 Oct;461(7266):899.
A journal article with 3 authors
Padhi AK, Jayaram B, Gomes J. Prediction of functional loss of human angiogenin mutants associated with ALS by molecular dynamics simulations. Sci Rep. 2013 Feb;3:1225.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Coolen MJL, Cypionka H, Sass AM, Sass H, Overmann J. Ongoing modification of Mediterranean Pleistocene sapropels mediated by prokaryotes. Science. 2002 Jun;296(5577):2407–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuus M. Geopolitics and Expertise. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
Das SK, Nita-Rotaru C, Kantarcioglu M, editors. Decision and Game Theory for Security: 4th International Conference, GameSec 2013, Fort Worth, TX, USA, November 11-12, 2013. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Reinert H, Reinert ES. Creative Destruction in Economics: Nietzsche, Sombart, Schumpeter. In: Backhaus JG, Drechsler W, editors. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900): Economy and Society. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006; pp 55–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dermatopathology.

Blog post
Taub B. World’s Oldest Human Bone Reportedly Found In Saudi Arabia [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Aug [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. College Work-Study Program at the Bay College of Maryland. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bobadilla J. Helping at-risk youth through a preventative program. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Thanks for the Tasteless Sermon. New York Times. 2010 Apr;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDermatopathology
AbbreviationDermatopathology (Basel)
ISSN (online)2296-3529

Other styles