How to format your references using the International Journal of Computer Vision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computer Vision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hartnoll, S. (2008). Physics. Stringing together a solid state. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5908), 1639–1640.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lorenz, M. C., & Fink, G. R. (2001). The glyoxylate cycle is required for fungal virulence. Nature, 412(6842), 83–86.
A journal article with 3 authors
Allard, P., Burton, M., & Muré, F. (2005). Spectroscopic evidence for a lava fountain driven by previously accumulated magmatic gas. Nature, 433(7024), 407–410.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cuchet-Lourenço, D., Eletto, D., Wu, C., Plagnol, V., Papapietro, O., Curtis, J., et al. (2018). Biallelic RIPK1 mutations in humans cause severe immunodeficiency, arthritis, and intestinal inflammation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6404), 810–813.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duffy, D. J. (2006). Introduction to C++ for Financial Engineers. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Plattner, H., & Schapranow, M.-P. (Eds.). (2014). High-Performance In-Memory Genome Data Analysis: How In-Memory Database Technology Accelerates Personalized Medicine. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Miao, J. (2013). An ERP Study of Semantic Anomalies in Second Language Processing. In D. Liu, C. Alippi, D. Zhao, & A. Hussain (Eds.), Advances in Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems: 6th International Conference, BICS 2013, Beijing, China, June 9-11, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 38–45). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computer Vision.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, July 8). New Finger Device Reads Books To The Blind. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Customs Service Modernization: Strategic Information Management Must Be Improved for National Automation Program to Succeed (No. AIMD-96-57). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belknap, B. M. (2012). Fostering Resilience in Beginning Special Education Teachers (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, September 25). A Tabloid Murder Tale of Little Suspense. New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hartnoll 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hartnoll 2008; Lorenz and Fink 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lorenz and Fink 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Cuchet-Lourenço et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computer Vision
AbbreviationInt. J. Comput. Vis.
ISSN (print)0920-5691
ISSN (online)1573-1405
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

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