How to format your references using the International Journal of Computer Vision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computer Vision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lerner, R. A. (2006). Retrospective. R. Bruce Merrifield (1921-2006). Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5783), 57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun, Y.-G., & Chen, Z.-F. (2007). A gastrin-releasing peptide receptor mediates the itch sensation in the spinal cord. Nature, 448(7154), 700–703.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maurya, S. R., Chaturvedi, D., & Mahalakshmi, R. (2013). Modulating lipid dynamics and membrane fluidity to drive rapid folding of a transmembrane barrel. Scientific reports, 3, 1989.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wood, J. N., Glynn, D. D., Phillips, B. C., & Hauser, M. D. (2007). The perception of rational, goal-directed action in nonhuman primates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5843), 1402–1405.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stenzel, J. (2010). CIO Best Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sadowski, T., & Trovalusci, P. (Eds.). (2014). Multiscale Modeling of Complex Materials: Phenomenological, Theoretical and Computational Aspects (1st ed., Vol. 556). Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Buscarini, E., & Manfredi, G. (2012). Percutaneous Ultrasound Guided Interventional Procedures in Pancreatic Diseases. In M. D’Onofrio (Ed.), Ultrasonography of the Pancreas: Imaging and Pathologic Correlations (pp. 47–53). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computer Vision.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, September 26). Star Without Iron Inspires Galactic Archaeology. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Air Traffic Control: Smaller Terminal Systems’ Capacity Requirements Need to Be Defined (No. IMTEC-90-50). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
PerLee-Lange, D. L. (2010). An introduction to the juvenile dependency court process and the child welfare system: A curriculum for parents (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (1995, July 9). Model Citizen. New York Times, p. 720.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lerner 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Lerner 2006; Sun and Chen 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sun and Chen 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wood et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computer Vision
AbbreviationInt. J. Comput. Vis.
ISSN (print)0920-5691
ISSN (online)1573-1405
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

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