How to format your references using the International Journal of Computer Vision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computer Vision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubin, E. M. (2008). Genomics of cellulosic biofuels. Nature, 454(7206), 841–845.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richerson, P. J., & Boyd, R. (2008). Migration: an engine for social change. Nature, 456(7224), 877.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feldman, M. W., Lewontin, R. C., & King, M.-C. (2003). Race: a genetic melting-pot. Nature, 424(6947), 374.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lipman, E. A., Schuler, B., Bakajin, O., & Eaton, W. A. (2003). Single-molecule measurement of protein folding kinetics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5637), 1233–1235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knopf, F. C. (2011). Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Process and Energy Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Heckel, R., & Milius, S. (Eds.). (2013). Algebra and Coalgebra in Computer Science: 5th International Conference, CALCO 2013, Warsaw, Poland, September 3-6, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 8089). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Herfeld, C., & Schaubroeck, K. (2013). The Importance of Commitment for Morality: How Harry Frankfurt’s Concept of Care Contributes to Rational Choice Theory. In B. Musschenga & A. van Harskamp (Eds.), What Makes Us Moral? On the capacities and conditions for being moral (pp. 51–72). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computer Vision.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, November 3). Gene That Sends Roots Downwards Could Save Barley From Drought. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Transportation Security: TSA Has Made Progress in Implementing the Transportation Worker Identification Credential Program, but Challenges Remain (No. GAO-07-681T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rostambeigi, N. (2010). Analyzing the correlates of patients’ adoption of preventative health services: Perceived risk, cost and availability of health care services (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sweeney-James, K. A. (2017, July 31). Remembering Nana. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rubin 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Richerson and Boyd 2008; Rubin 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richerson and Boyd 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Lipman et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computer Vision
AbbreviationInt. J. Comput. Vis.
ISSN (print)0920-5691
ISSN (online)1573-1405
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

Other styles