How to format your references using the International Journal of Computer Vision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computer Vision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Forró, L. (2000). NANOTECHNOLOGY: Beyond Gedanken Experiments. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5479), 560–561.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaskell, G., & Gottweis, H. (2011). Biobanks need publicity. Nature, 471(7337), 159–160.
A journal article with 3 authors
Passarelli, L., Rivalta, E., & Shuler, A. (2014). Dike intrusions during rifting episodes obey scaling relationships similar to earthquakes. Scientific reports, 4, 3886.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cooper, O. R., Parrish, D. D., Stohl, A., Trainer, M., Nédélec, P., Thouret, V., et al. (2010). Increasing springtime ozone mixing ratios in the free troposphere over western North America. Nature, 463(7279), 344–348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Best, P. (2005). Implementing Value at Risk. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sericola, B., Telek, M., & Horváth, G. (Eds.). (2014). Analytical and Stochastic Modeling Techniques and Applications: 21st International Conference, ASMTA 2014, Budapest, Hungary, June 30 – July 2, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8499). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hauschild, W., & Lemke, E. (2014). Partial Discharge Measurement. In E. Lemke (Ed.), High-Voltage Test and Measuring Techniques (pp. 157–231). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computer Vision.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 23). Guys, This Smartphone App Can Accurately Test Your Sperm Count. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Weaknesses in School Districts’ Implementation of the Emergency School Assistance Program (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Biller, J. T. (2012). Cyber-Terrorism: Finding a Common Starting Point (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, August 30). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Political Memo; A Contest of 2 Generations, Molded by 2 Different Wars. New York Times, p. 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Forró 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Forró 2000; Gaskell and Gottweis 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaskell and Gottweis 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Cooper et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computer Vision
AbbreviationInt. J. Comput. Vis.
ISSN (print)0920-5691
ISSN (online)1573-1405
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

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