How to format your references using the International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaffney, O. (2014). Quiet green revolution starts to make some noise. Nature, 505(7485), 587.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krieger, M. J. B., & Ross, K. G. (2002). Identification of a major gene regulating complex social behavior. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5553), 328–332.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moray, C., Game, E. T., & Maxted, N. (2014). Prioritising in situ conservation of crop resources: a case study of African cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Scientific reports, 4, 5247.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Diplas, P., Dancey, C. L., Celik, A. O., Valyrakis, M., Greer, K., & Akar, T. (2008). The role of impulse on the initiation of particle movement under turbulent flow conditions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5902), 717–720.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez, A. (2013). IP, Ethernet and MPLS Networks. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Koren, B., & Vuik, K. (Eds.). (2010). Advanced Computational Methods in Science and Engineering (Vol. 71). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Buttazzo, G., Solimini, S., Pratelli, A., & Stepanov, E. (2009). Relaxed problem and existence of solutions. In A. Pratelli, E. Stepanov, & S. Solimini (Eds.), Optimal Urban Networks via Mass Transportation (pp. 1–37). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, October 20). Oldest Sex Act Revealed. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: An Assessment Guide--Exposure Draft (Superseded by AIMD-10.1.14) (No. 158206). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wei, C.-S. (2017). Towards Brain Decoding for Real-World Drowsiness Detection (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, K., Das, A., & Lyall, S. (2017, February 14). The Winner, in a Comeback. New York Times, p. B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gaffney 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gaffney 2014; Krieger and Ross 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krieger and Ross 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Diplas et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning
AbbreviationInt. J. Comput. Support. Collab. Learn.
ISSN (print)1556-1607
ISSN (online)1556-1615
ScopeHuman-Computer Interaction

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