How to format your references using the International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D. (2005). Obituary: Hubert Curien (1924-2005). Nature, 434(7032), 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
McNamara, A. K., & Zhong, S. (2005). Thermochemical structures beneath Africa and the Pacific Ocean. Nature, 437(7062), 1136–1139.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, Y., Meyer, H. H., & Rapoport, T. A. (2001). The AAA ATPase Cdc48/p97 and its partners transport proteins from the ER into the cytosol. Nature, 414(6864), 652–656.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
McArthur, K., Whitehead, L. W., Heddleston, J. M., Li, L., Padman, B. S., Oorschot, V., et al. (2018). BAK/BAX macropores facilitate mitochondrial herniation and mtDNA efflux during apoptosis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 359(6378).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bosq, D., & Blanke, D. (2007). Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions: Bosq/Inference and Prediction in Large Dimensions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Washio, T., Zhou, Z.-H., Huang, J. Z., Hu, X., Li, J., Xie, C., et al. (Eds.). (2007). Emerging Technologies in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: PAKDD 2007 International Workshops Nanjing, China, May 22-25, 2007 Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 4819). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Visioli, A., & Zhong, Q.-C. (2011). Plug&Control. In Q. Zhong (Ed.), Control of Integral Processes with Dead Time (pp. 87–92). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 19). Strangest Prehistoric Creatures To Ever Appear on Earth. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Stafford Student Loans: Prompt Payment of Origination Fees Could Reduce Costs (No. HRD-92-61). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zitko, J. A. (2012). Effects of Random Cross-Sectioned Distributions, Fiber Misalignment and Interphases in Three-Dimensional Composite Models on Transverse Shear Modulus (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2011, January 27). Moody’s Credit Ratings of States To Factor In Unfunded Pensions. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Butler 2005; McNamara and Zhong 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McNamara and Zhong 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (McArthur et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning
AbbreviationInt. J. Comput. Support. Collab. Learn.
ISSN (print)1556-1607
ISSN (online)1556-1615
ScopeHuman-Computer Interaction

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