How to format your references using the IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. J. Conard, “A female figurine from the basal Aurignacian of Hohle Fels Cave in southwestern Germany,” Nature, vol. 459, no. 7244, pp. 248–252, May 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Silvente-Poirot and M. Poirot, “Cancer. Cholesterol and cancer, in the balance,” Science, vol. 343, no. 6178, pp. 1445–1446, Mar. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. Asphaug, C. B. Agnor, and Q. Williams, “Hit-and-run planetary collisions,” Nature, vol. 439, no. 7073, pp. 155–160, Jan. 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. J. Heinrich, J. A. Gupta, C. P. Lutz, and D. M. Eigler, “Single-atom spin-flip spectroscopy,” Science, vol. 306, no. 5695, pp. 466–469, Oct. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. A. Grimes, Hacking the Hacker. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017.
An edited book
L. Choi, Y. Paek, and S. Cho, Eds., Advances in Computer Systems Architecture: 12th Asia-Pacific Conference, ACSAC 2007, Seoul, Korea, August 23-25, 2007. Proceedings, vol. 4697. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Escalera, X. Baró, O. Pujol, J. Vitrià, and P. Radeva, “Traffic Sign Categorization,” in Traffic-Sign Recognition Systems, X. Baró, O. Pujol, J. Vitrià, and P. Radeva, Eds. London: Springer, 2011, pp. 53–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Fish That Haven’t Been Drinking Take Cues From Those That Have,” IFLScience, May 18, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Energy Research and Development Administration’s Accounting System for Accounts Receivable,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, FGMSD-77-25, Jun. 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Han, “Mechanistic Consequences of Cardiac Oxidative Stress,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Koblin and N. Wingfield, “Amazon Suspends Executive Accused of Sex Harassment,” New York Times, p. B6, Oct. 13, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Circuits Syst. Mag.
ISSN (print)1531-636X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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