How to format your references using the IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F. Coward, “Archaeology. Standing on the shoulders of giants,” Science, vol. 319, no. 5869, pp. 1493–1495, Mar. 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. R. Maund and S. J. Smartt, “The disappearance of the progenitors of supernovae 1993J and 2003gd,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5926, pp. 486–488, Apr. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Ohmoto, K. E. Yamaguchi, and S. Ono, “Questions regarding Precambrian sulfur isotope fractionation,” Science, vol. 292, no. 5524, p. 1959, Jun. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V. G. Cheung, R. S. Spielman, K. G. Ewens, T. M. Weber, M. Morley, and J. T. Burdick, “Mapping determinants of human gene expression by regional and genome-wide association,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7063, pp. 1365–1369, Oct. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-P. Marage and Y. Mori, Sonar and Underwater Acoustics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
A. D. Fitt, J. Norbury, H. Ockendon, and E. Wilson, Eds., Progress in Industrial Mathematics at ECMI 2008, vol. 15. in Mathematics in Industry, vol. 15. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
K. N. Krishnanand and D. Ghose, “Glowworm Swarm Optimization for Searching Higher Dimensional Spaces,” in Innovations in Swarm Intelligence, C. P. Lim, L. C. Jain, and S. Dehuri, Eds., in Studies in Computational Intelligence. , Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Drug-Resistant Malaria Parasite From Southeast Asia Infects African Mosquitoes Too,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Tax System Modernization: Status of IRS’ Input Processing Initiative,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, IMTEC-91-9, Dec. 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. S. Wickramage, “Analysis of Magnaporthe oryzae homologs of Histoplasma capsulatum RYP genes,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, “Top-Seeded Kerber Tumbles Out of Fourth Round Amid the Usual Havoc,” New York Times, p. B11, Jul. 10, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Circuits Syst. Mag.
ISSN (print)1531-636X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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