How to format your references using the Journal of International Entrepreneurship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Entrepreneurship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trewavas A (2002) Malthus foiled again and again. Nature 418:668–670
A journal article with 2 authors
Knee LB, Brunt CM (2001) A massive cloud of cold atomic hydrogen in the outer Galaxy. Nature 412:308–310
A journal article with 3 authors
Grirrane A, Corma A, García H (2008) Gold-catalyzed synthesis of aromatic azo compounds from anilines and nitroaromatics. Science 322:1661–1664
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chelur DS, Ernstrom GG, Goodman MB, et al (2002) The mechanosensory protein MEC-6 is a subunit of the C. elegans touch-cell degenerin channel. Nature 420:669–673

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bi J (2015) Sensory Discrimination Tests and Measurements. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bandini S, Manzoni S, Umeo H, Vizzari G (eds) (2010) Cellular Automata: 9th International Conference on Cellular Automata for Research and Industry, ACRI 2010, Ascoli Piceno, Italy, September 21-24, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Dingli A, Seychell D (2015) Nurturing Digital Natives. In: Seychell D (ed) The New Digital Natives: Cutting the Chord. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Entrepreneurship.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) How Does The Order In Which You’re Born Affect Your Personality? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Cloud Computing: Additional Opportunities and Savings Need to Be Pursued. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wellman TE (2017) Employment Discrimination against Military Spouses: Illegal Contrary to Popular Belief and Practice. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2016) Naughty Boy: Mommy Issues Explain a Lot. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trewavas 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Knee and Brunt 2001; Trewavas 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knee and Brunt 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chelur et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Entrepreneurship
AbbreviationJ. Int. Entrep..
ISSN (print)1570-7385
ISSN (online)1573-7349
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

Other styles