How to format your references using the Journal of International Entrepreneurship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Entrepreneurship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gadagkar R (2011) Evolution. Altruistic wasps? Science 333:833–834
A journal article with 2 authors
Rafii S, Lyden D (2008) Cancer. A few to flip the angiogenic switch. Science 319:163–164
A journal article with 3 authors
Bowman GD, O’Donnell M, Kuriyan J (2004) Structural analysis of a eukaryotic sliding DNA clamp-clamp loader complex. Nature 429:724–730
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hébert-Dufresne L, Allard A, Young J-G, Dubé LJ (2013) Global efficiency of local immunization on complex networks. Sci Rep 3:2171

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marsh N (2014) Forensic Photography. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Fitt AD, Norbury J, Ockendon H, Wilson E (eds) (2010) Progress in Industrial Mathematics at ECMI 2008. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Lucena C, Sarraipa J, Jardim-Goncalves R (2014) A Knowledge Management Framework to Support Online Communities Creation. In: Camarinha-Matos LM, Barrento NS, Mendonça R (eds) Technological Innovation for Collective Awareness Systems: 5th IFIP WG 5.5/SOCOLNET Doctoral Conference on Computing, Electrical and Industrial Systems, DoCEIS 2014, Costa de Caparica, Portugal, April 7-9, 2014. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 29–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Entrepreneurship.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Who Do You Think You Are? Most Detailed Genetic Map Of The British Isles Reveals All. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) FCC: Redesignating and Reallocating Frequency Bands and Establishing Rules and Policies for Local Multipoint Distribution Service and Fixed Satellite Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fichera M (2015) Transport of seawater and its influence on the transverse tensile strength of unidirectional composite materials. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartman S (2016) The Pie Maker’s Tale. New York Times MB1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gadagkar 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Rafii and Lyden 2008; Gadagkar 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rafii and Lyden 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Hébert-Dufresne et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Entrepreneurship
AbbreviationJ. Int. Entrep..
ISSN (print)1570-7385
ISSN (online)1573-7349
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

Other styles