How to format your references using the Journal of International Entrepreneurship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of International Entrepreneurship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D (2002) Prion data suggest BSE link to sporadic CJD. Nature 420:450
A journal article with 2 authors
Richards TA, Gomes SL (2015) Protistology: How to build a microbial eye. Nature 523:166–167
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Toro G, Nielsen S, Pennacchioni G (2005) Earthquake rupture dynamics frozen in exhumed ancient faults. Nature 436:1009–1012
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lu Q-B, Wo Y, Wang L-Y, et al (2014) Molecular epidemiology of human rhinovirus in children with acute respiratory diseases in Chongqing, China. Sci Rep 4:6686

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Attwood D, Baybutt P, Devlin C, et al (2006) Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wiering M, Otterlo M van (eds) (2012) Reinforcement Learning: State-of-the-Art. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Traest P, Gombeer T (2008) The Autonomy of Defense and Defense Counsel. In: Sellers M (ed) Autonomy: In the Law. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 97–139

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of International Entrepreneurship.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Doomed Russian Spacecraft Will Re-Enter Earth’s Atmosphere On May 8th. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Volume 67, November 1987. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zamora L (2017) Azura digital health: Scheduling application and prescription service for women’s health. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2007) Cellphone Aside, Step Up for Soup. New York Times NJ6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Butler 2002; Richards and Gomes 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richards and Gomes 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of International Entrepreneurship
AbbreviationJ. Int. Entrep..
ISSN (print)1570-7385
ISSN (online)1573-7349
ScopeBusiness, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)

Other styles