How to format your references using the Australian Systematic Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Systematic Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leary RH (2001) Energy landscapes. Flirting with catastrophe. Science (New York, NY) 293, 2013–2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milton AL, Everitt BJ (2012) Neuroscience. Wiping drug memories. Science (New York, NY) 336, 167–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mori MX, Erickson MG, Yue DT (2004) Functional stoichiometry and local enrichment of calmodulin interacting with Ca2+ channels. Science (New York, NY) 304, 432–435.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Foley JA, Ramankutty N, Brauman KA, Cassidy ES, Gerber JS, Johnston M, Mueller ND, O’Connell C, Ray DK, West PC, Balzer C, Bennett EM, Carpenter SR, Hill J, Monfreda C, Polasky S, Rockström J, Sheehan J, Siebert S, Tilman D, Zaks DPM (2011) Solutions for a cultivated planet. Nature 478, 337–342.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Temple LP III (2013) ‘Implosion.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Peters GW, Matsui T (Eds) (2015) ‘Modern Methodology and Applications in Spatial-Temporal Modeling.’ (Springer Japan: Tokyo)
A chapter in an edited book
Bereg S, Hong S-H, Katoh N, Poon S-H, Tanigawa S-I (2013) On the Edge Crossing Properties of Euclidean Minimum Weight Laman Graphs. ‘Algorithms and Computation: 24th International Symposium, ISAAC 2013, Hong Kong, China, December 16-18, 2013, Proceedings’. (Eds L Cai, S-W Cheng, T-W Lam) Lecture Notes in Computer Science. pp. 33–43. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Systematic Botany.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Harvester Ant Queens are Sperm Parasites. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) DOD’s High-Risk Areas: Challenges Remain to Achieving and Demonstrating Progress in Supply Chain Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-06-983T. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nambiar VR (2012) A Grounded Theory Study on Business Excellence Models in the United Arab Emirates. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rohan T (2015) Head Games. New York Times B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leary 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Leary 2001; Milton and Everitt 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milton and Everitt 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Foley et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Systematic Botany
AbbreviationAust. Syst. Bot.
ISSN (print)1030-1887
ISSN (online)1446-5701
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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