How to format your references using the Australian Systematic Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Systematic Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston D (2008) The scientist delusion. Nature 452, 17.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thoennessen M, Sherrill B (2011) From isotopes to the stars. Nature 473, 25–26.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuthill PG, Monnier JD, Danchi WC (2001) A dusty torus around the luminous young star LkH alpha101. Nature 409, 1012–1014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li X, Guo H, Yang Y, Meng J, Liu J, Wang C, Xu H (2014) A designed peptide targeting CXCR4 displays anti-acute myelocytic leukemia activity in vitro and in vivo. Scientific Reports 4, 6610.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Du D-Z, Ko K-I (2014) ‘Theory of Computational Complexity.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Whitacre DM (Ed) (2010) ‘Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.’ (Springer: New York, NY)
A chapter in an edited book
Abdualrazak B, Malik Y, Yang H-I (2010) A Taxonomy Driven Approach towards Evaluating Pervasive Computing System. ‘Aging Friendly Technology for Health and Independence: 8th International Conference on Smart Homes and Health Telematics, ICOST 2010, Seoul, Korea, June 22-24, 2010. Proceedings’. (Eds Y Lee, ZZ Bien, M Mokhtari, JT Kim, M Park, J Kim, H Lee, I Khalil) Lecture Notes in Computer Science. pp. 32–42. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Systematic Botany.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Astronomers Just Observed ‘Rain’ Falling On A Supermassive Black Hole. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Commuter Rail: Information and Guidance Could Help Facilitate Commuter and Freight Rail Access Negotiations. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-04-240. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ganji VG (2013) Exploring the application of haptic feedback guidance for port crane modernization. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) What Did Chekhov Know? Quite a Lot. New York Times AR24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston 2008; Thoennessen and Sherrill 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thoennessen and Sherrill 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Systematic Botany
AbbreviationAust. Syst. Bot.
ISSN (print)1030-1887
ISSN (online)1446-5701
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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