How to format your references using the Australian Systematic Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Systematic Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thornton G (2003) Materials science. Watching nanoparticles grow. Science (New York, NY) 300, 1378–1379.
A journal article with 2 authors
Minkov M, Savona V (2014) Automated optimization of photonic crystal slab cavities. Scientific Reports 4, 5124.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stewart JT, Gaebler JP, Jin DS (2008) Using photoemission spectroscopy to probe a strongly interacting Fermi gas. Nature 454, 744–747.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu F, Sun F, Xia JH, Li J, Fu GH, Lin G, Tu RJ, Wan ZY, Quek D, Yue GH (2014) A genome scan revealed significant associations of growth traits with a major QTL and GHR2 in tilapia. Scientific Reports 4, 7256.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dewulf G, Blanken A, Bult-Spiering M (2012) ‘Strategic Issues in Public-Private Partnerships.’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK)
An edited book
Eisner C (2006) ‘A Practical Introduction to PSL.’ (D Fisman, Ed.). (Springer US: Boston, MA)
A chapter in an edited book
Reinarz J (2007) Corpus Curricula: Medical Education and the Voluntary Hospital Movement. ‘Brain, Mind and Medicine: Essays in Eighteenth-Century Neuroscience’. (Eds H Whitaker, CUM Smith, S Finger) pp. 43–52. (Springer US: Boston, MA)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Systematic Botany.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) The Evolution Of The Y Chromosome. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) Computer Buys: Air Force Logistics Modernization Program Should Comply With Brooks Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, IMTEC-86-16. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guilford TD (2010) Advocacy for former prisoners to eliminate invisible bars: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cheever S (2014) ‘Why Didn’t Rebecca Stop at the Railroad Crossing?’ New York Times MM46.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thornton 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Thornton 2003; Minkov and Savona 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Minkov and Savona 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Systematic Botany
AbbreviationAust. Syst. Bot.
ISSN (print)1030-1887
ISSN (online)1446-5701
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles