How to format your references using the Australian Systematic Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Systematic Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jan E (2015) Molecular biology: signals across domains of life. Nature 519, 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Temmerman S, Kirwan ML (2015) NATURAL HAZARDS. Building land with a rising sea. Science (New York, NY) 349, 588–589.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brummelkamp TR, Bernards R, Agami R (2002) A system for stable expression of short interfering RNAs in mammalian cells. Science (New York, NY) 296, 550–553.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Turnipseed M, Crowder LB, Sagarin RD, Roady SE (2009) Oceans. Legal bedrock for rebuilding America’s ocean ecosystems. Science (New York, NY) 324, 183–184.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Köhler M (2005) ‘Nanotechnologie.’ (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG)
An edited book
Alconada Magliano TM, Chulze SN (Eds) (2013) ‘Fusarium Head Blight in Latin America.’ (Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht)
A chapter in an edited book
Murgu A, Postlethwaite I, Gu D, Edwards C (2010) Topology Information Control in Feedback Based Reconfiguration Processes. ‘Dynamics of Information Systems: Theory and Applications’. (Eds MJ Hirsch, PM Pardalos, R Murphey) Springer Optimization and Its Applications. pp. 101–124. (Springer: New York, NY)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Systematic Botany.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Spider Versus Snake. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Women and Minority Aerospace Industry Profile, 1979-1986. U.S. Government Printing Office, T-HRD-90-4. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salazar A (2012) Small school, big gains: A case study of urban high school reform. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2013) Where Medieval Armor Meets the Aquatic. New York Times WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jan 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Jan 2015; Temmerman and Kirwan 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Temmerman and Kirwan 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Turnipseed et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Systematic Botany
AbbreviationAust. Syst. Bot.
ISSN (print)1030-1887
ISSN (online)1446-5701
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles