How to format your references using the Australian Systematic Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Systematic Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tanner KE (2012) Materials science. Small but extremely tough. Science (New York, NY) 336, 1237–1238.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Connell LA, Hofmann HA (2012) Evolution of a vertebrate social decision-making network. Science (New York, NY) 336, 1154–1157.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyd OS, Jones CH, Sheehan AF (2004) Foundering lithosphere imaged beneath the southern Sierra Nevada, California, USA. Science (New York, NY) 305, 660–662.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Metallo CM, Gameiro PA, Bell EL, Mattaini KR, Yang J, Hiller K, Jewell CM, Johnson ZR, Irvine DJ, Guarente L, Kelleher JK, Vander Heiden MG, Iliopoulos O, Stephanopoulos G (2011) Reductive glutamine metabolism by IDH1 mediates lipogenesis under hypoxia. Nature 481, 380–384.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gatarek D, Bachert P, Maksymiuk R (2007) ‘The LIBOR Market Model in Practice.’ (John Wiley & Sons Ltd: Oxford, UK)
An edited book
Lee H (2012) ‘Beginning Windows Phone App Development.’ (E Chuvyrov, Ed.). (Apress: Berkeley, CA)
A chapter in an edited book
El Rayes T, Catena R, Rafii S, Altorki N, Mittal V (2015) Inflammation and Lung Cancer: The Link to Angiogenesis. ‘Inflammation and Lung Cancer’. (Ed SM Dubinett) pp. 137–159. (Springer: New York, NY)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Systematic Botany.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Famous Fossil Embryo Belongs To New Species Of Giant Oviraptor. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Tax Systems Modernization: Actions Underway But IRS Has Not Yet Corrected Management and Technical Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, AIMD-96-106. (Washington, DC)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ulaganathan MN (2016) Building a volunteered geographic information system (VGIS): A mobile application for disaster management. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2016) 139 Years Ago: American Museum of Natural History Opens Its Permanent Home. New York Times C32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tanner 2012).
This sentence cites two references (O’Connell and Hofmann 2012; Tanner 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Connell and Hofmann 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Metallo et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Systematic Botany
AbbreviationAust. Syst. Bot.
ISSN (print)1030-1887
ISSN (online)1446-5701
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles