How to format your references using the Military Medical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Military Medical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Spaldin N. Find your most interesting question. Science. 2015;349:110.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Teh O-K, Moore I. An ARF-GEF acting at the Golgi and in selective endocytosis in polarized plant cells. Nature. 2007;448:493–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Noble MEM, Endicott JA, Johnson LN. Protein kinase inhibitors: insights into drug design from structure. Science. 2004;303:1800–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Rusakov DA, Scimemi A, Walker MC, Kullmann DM. Comment on “Role of NMDA receptor subtypes in governing the direction of hippocampal synaptic plasticity.” Science. 2004;305:1912; author reply.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bonneau D, Fatu A, Souchet D. Thermo-Hydrodynamic Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. André MP, Jones JP, Lee H, editors. Acoustical Imaging: Volume 30. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Horvath J, Cameron R. Robots, Drones, and Other Things That Move. In: Cameron R, editor. The New Shop Class: Getting Started with 3D Printing, Arduino, and Wearable Tech. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2015. p. 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Military Medical Research.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Indonesia Sets Fire To Endangered Stuffed Animals In Their Fight Against Poachers [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/indonesia-sets-fire-endangered-stuffed-animals-their-fight-poachers/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Status Information: FAA’s Year 2000 Business Continuity and Contingency Planning Efforts Are Ongoing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Dec. Report No.: AIMD-99-40R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Watson YM. Federal Managers’ Use of Evidence (Performance Measurement Data and Evaluation Results): Are We There Yet? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Duerden J. Amid Political Strain, Game’s Tension Rises. New York Times. 2016 Sep 1;B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMilitary Medical Research
AbbreviationMil. Med. Res.
ISSN (online)2054-9369
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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