How to format your references using the Military Medical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Military Medical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Poon W. Physics. Colloids as big atoms. Science. 2004;304:830–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Purugganan MD, Fuller DQ. The nature of selection during plant domestication. Nature. 2009;457:843–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yoon JW, Song SH, Magnusson R. Ultrahigh-Q metallic nanocavity resonances with externally-amplified intracavity feedback. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7124.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tao H-S, Chen Y-H, Lin H-F, Liu H-D, Liu W-M. Layer anti-ferromagnetism on bilayer honeycomb lattice. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5367.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Campbell AK. Intracellular Calcium. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. González-Ruibal A, Moshenska G, editors. Ethics and the Archaeology of Violence. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Brandt P. Findings of market basket monitoring. In: Brandt P, editor. Reports on Food Safety 2005: Food Monitoring. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2007. p. 13–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Military Medical Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Africa Is Within Reach Of Being Declared A Polio Free Region [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/africa-within-reach-being-declared-polio-free-region/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. National Assessment Technical Quality. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Mar. Report No.: PEMD-92-22R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Heatlie JM. Effects of Simulation on Senior Nursing Students’ Patient Safety Competence: A Quantitative Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Kelly S. CHILDREN’S BOOKS. New York Times. 1993 Jan 24;717.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMilitary Medical Research
AbbreviationMil. Med. Res.
ISSN (online)2054-9369
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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