How to format your references using the International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, Elie. 2013. “Cancer Vaccines: Material Breach.” Nature 504 (7480): S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rash, Brian G., and Pasko Rakic. 2014. “Neuroscience. Genetic Resolutions of Brain Convolutions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6172): 744–745.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thisse, B., C. V. Wright, and C. Thisse. 2000. “Activin- and Nodal-Related Factors Control Antero-Posterior Patterning of the Zebrafish Embryo.” Nature 403 (6768): 425–428.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chang, Lei, Luca Azzolin, Daniele Di Biagio, Francesca Zanconato, Giusy Battilana, Romy Lucon Xiccato, Mariaceleste Aragona, et al. 2018. “The SWI/SNF Complex Is a Mechanoregulated Inhibitor of YAP and TAZ.” Nature 563 (7730): 265–269.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gabler, Jay. 2010. Sociology for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Galloro, Giuseppe, ed. 2014. Endoscopic Follow-up of Digestive Anastomosis. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
White, Rob. 2015. “Juvenile Justice and Youth Vulnerabilities.” In Interrogating Conceptions of “Vulnerable Youth” in Theory, Policy and Practice, edited by Kitty te Riele and Radhika Gorur, 63–77. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “Meteorites Indicate Early Martian Atmosphere.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. Tax Information Safeguard Activity Annual Report. GGD-84-83. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hill, Landon. 2015. “Unique Forms of Knowledge and Curriculum in Hip-Hop Pedagogy.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo, Kelly. 2016. “A Lakeside Art Deco Hotel Shines Anew.” New York Times, July 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Dolgin 2013; Rash and Rakic 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rash and Rakic 2014)
  • Three authors: (Thisse, Wright, and Thisse 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Chang et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
AbbreviationInt. J. Biling. Educ. Biling.
ISSN (print)1367-0050
ISSN (online)1747-7522
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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