How to format your references using the International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, Elie. 2011. “Research Technique: The Murine Candidate.” Nature 474 (7350): S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rambold, Angelika S., and Jennifer Lippincott-Schwartz. 2011. “Cell Biology. SevERing Mitochondria.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (6053): 186–187.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bannani, Amin, Christian Bobisch, and Rolf Möller. 2007. “Ballistic Electron Microscopy of Individual Molecules.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5820): 1824–1828.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ramanathan, Veerabhadran, Muvva V. Ramana, Gregory Roberts, Dohyeong Kim, Craig Corrigan, Chul Chung, and David Winker. 2007. “Warming Trends in Asia Amplified by Brown Cloud Solar Absorption.” Nature 448 (7153): 575–578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens, Hugo. 2012. Applied Building Physics. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Szewczyk, Roman, Cezary Zieliński, and Małgorzata Kaliczyńska, eds. 2015. Progress in Automation, Robotics and Measuring Techniques: Volume 3 Measuring Techniques and Systems. Vol. 352. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cagle, Philip T., and Timothy Craig Allen. 2010. “Pleuritis and Pleural Plaque.” In Frozen Section Library: Pleura, edited by Timothy Craig Allen, 57–74. Frozen Section Library. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. “Elon Musk Reveals His ‘Master Plan’ To Rule The Electric World.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Transportation Security: Federal Action Needed to Help Address Security Challenges. GAO-03-843. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baumgarten, Darla K. 2013. “An Examination of the Relationship between Collegiate Student-Athlete’s Leadership Role in the Athletic Setting and Their Academic Success.” Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, Ben. 2016. “Aleppo Reeling as Air Assaults Are Stepped Up.” New York Times, September 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Dolgin 2011; Rambold and Lippincott-Schwartz 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rambold and Lippincott-Schwartz 2011)
  • Three authors: (Bannani, Bobisch, and Möller 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ramanathan et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
AbbreviationInt. J. Biling. Educ. Biling.
ISSN (print)1367-0050
ISSN (online)1747-7522
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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