How to format your references using the International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wehrli, Bernhard. 2013. “Biogeochemistry: Conduits of the Carbon Cycle.” Nature 503 (7476): 346–347.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bonduriansky, Russell, and Chad E. Brassil. 2002. “Senescence: Rapid and Costly Ageing in Wild Male Flies.” Nature 420 (6914): 377.
A journal article with 3 authors
Artyukhin, Alexander B., Frank C. Schroeder, and Leon Avery. 2013. “Density Dependence in Caenorhabditis Larval Starvation.” Scientific Reports 3 (September): 2777.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Carmody, Ruaidhrí J., Qingguo Ruan, Scott Palmer, Brendan Hilliard, and Youhai H. Chen. 2007. “Negative Regulation of Toll-like Receptor Signaling by NF-KappaB P50 Ubiquitination Blockade.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5838): 675–678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geier, Roman, Volkhard Angelmaier, Carl-Alexander Graubner, and Jaroslav Kohoutek. 2017. Integrale Brücken. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Khan, Mohammad Saghir, Almas Zaidi, and Javed Musarrat, eds. 2014. Phosphate Solubilizing Microorganisms: Principles and Application of Microphos Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Aubonnet, Tatiana, and Noëmie Simoni. 2013. “Service Creation and Self-Management Mechanisms for Mobile Cloud Computing.” In Wired/Wireless Internet Communication: 11th International Conference, WWIC 2013, St. Petersburg, Russia, June 5-7, 2013. Proceedings, edited by Vassilis Tsaoussidis, Andreas J. Kassler, Yevgeni Koucheryavy, and Abdelhamid Mellouk, 43–55. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Researchers Stumble Across Unique Dolphin That Breathes Through Its Mouth.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Federally Funded R&D Centers: Observations on DOD Actions To Improve Management. T-NSIAD-96-117. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson, Donna E. 2010. “How Personality Traits and Job Satisfaction Influence Service Quality in Housing Agencies.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Michael. 1993. “PRESIDENT MOVES IN FAVOR OF LABOR.” New York Times, February 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wehrli 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Wehrli 2013; Bonduriansky and Brassil 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bonduriansky and Brassil 2002)
  • Three authors: (Artyukhin, Schroeder, and Avery 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Carmody et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
AbbreviationInt. J. Biling. Educ. Biling.
ISSN (print)1367-0050
ISSN (online)1747-7522
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

Other styles