How to format your references using the International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Daszak, Peter. 2010. “Epidemiology. Bats, in Black and White.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 329 (5992): 634–635.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaufman, Joan, and Jun Jing. 2002. “China and AIDS--the Time to Act Is Now.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5577): 2339–2340.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saeed, Y., N. Singh, and U. Schwingenschlögl. 2014. “Superior Thermoelectric Response in the 3R Phases of Hydrated NaxRhO2.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4390.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Manfredo Vieira, S., M. Hiltensperger, V. Kumar, D. Zegarra-Ruiz, C. Dehner, N. Khan, F. R. C. Costa, et al. 2018. “Translocation of a Gut Pathobiont Drives Autoimmunity in Mice and Humans.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 359 (6380): 1156–1161.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyer, Michael D. 2016. Transportation Planning Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mizio, Roberto Di, and Mariano Scaglione, eds. 2007. Ileo Meccanico Dell’intestino Tenue: Aspetti TC e Correlazioni Eco-Radiografiche. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Karer, Gorazd, and Igor Škrjanc. 2013. “Hybrid Fuzzy Model.” In Predictive Approaches to Control of Complex Systems, edited by Igor Škrjanc, 33–47. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. “NASA’s Juno Mission Involves A Scientific Joke That Took 400 Years To Set Up.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Comments on Department of Education Use of Subsequent-Year Appropriations. B-236667. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lancaster, Gwendolyn. 2014. “Understanding Interdisciplinary Communication and Collaboration among Physicians, Nurses, and Unlicensed Assistive Personnel.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2007. “A Habeas Corpus Appeal Veers to Capital Issues.” New York Times, March 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gimalac 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bohannon 2008; Malakoff 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaufman and Jing 2002)
  • Three authors: (Saeed, Singh, and Schwingenschlögl 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Herek et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
AbbreviationInt. J. Biling. Educ. Biling.
ISSN (print)1367-0050
ISSN (online)1747-7522
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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