How to format your references using the International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pither, Jason. 2007. “Comment on ‘Dispersal Limitations Matter for Microbial Morphospecies.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5828): 1124; author reply 1124.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, T. John, and Gregory R. Mundy. 2007. “Bone Metastasis: Can Osteoclasts Be Excluded?” Nature 445 (7130): E19; discussion E19-20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shubin, Neil H., Edward B. Daeschler, and Farish A. Jenkins Jr. 2006. “The Pectoral Fin of Tiktaalik Roseae and the Origin of the Tetrapod Limb.” Nature 440 (7085): 764–771.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Malek, N. P., H. Sundberg, S. McGrew, K. Nakayama, T. R. Kyriakides, J. M. Roberts, and T. R. Kyriakidis. 2001. “A Mouse Knock-in Model Exposes Sequential Proteolytic Pathways That Regulate P27Kip1 in G1 and S Phase.” Nature 413 (6853): 323–327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemma, Alessandra. 2008. Introduction to the Practice of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Regitz-Zagrosek, Vera, ed. 2012. Sex and Gender Differences in Pharmacology. Vol. 214. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Futer, David, Efstratia Kalfagianni, and Jessica Purcell. 2013. “I-Bundles and Essential Product Disks.” In Guts of Surfaces and the Colored Jones Polynomial, edited by Efstratia Kalfagianni and Jessica Purcell, 53–72. Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2016. “Desert-Dwelling Elephants Have A Unique Culture But Common Genetics.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Federally Leased Vehicles: Agencies Should Strengthen Assessment Processes to Reduce Underutilized Vehicles. GAO-16-136. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cortez, Ali. 2017. “Life Is A Highway: Finding Your Way and Finding the Words.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, Susan M. 2015. “Turkey and Trimmings, Without Dishes to Do.” New York Times, November 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pither 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Pither 2007; Martin and Mundy 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Mundy 2007)
  • Three authors: (Shubin, Daeschler, and Jenkins 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Malek et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
AbbreviationInt. J. Biling. Educ. Biling.
ISSN (print)1367-0050
ISSN (online)1747-7522
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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