How to format your references using the International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McLaughlin S. Cell biology. Tools to tamper with phosphoinositides. Science. 2006;314:1402–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hogan BM, Black BL. Developmental biology: Diversity in the lymphatic vasculature. Nature. 2015;522:37–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Vielle-Calzada JP, Baskar R, Grossniklaus U. Delayed activation of the paternal genome during seed development. Nature. 2000;404:91–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Mall A, Sobotta J, Huber C, Tschirner C, Kowarschik S, Bačnik K, et al. Reversibility of citrate synthase allows autotrophic growth of a thermophilic bacterium. Science. 2018;359:563–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ginena K, Hamid A. Foundations of Sharī‘ah Governance of Islamic Banks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Kallio KP, Mills S, Skelton T, editors. Politics, Citizenship and Rights. 1st ed. 2016. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bornstein R, Styrbicki-Imamura R, González JE, Lebassi B. Interactions of Global-Warming and Urban Heat Islands in Different Climate-Zones. In: Fernando HJS, Klaić Z, McCulley JL, editors. National Security and Human Health Implications of Climate Change. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.

Blog post
1. Evans K. Here’s What A Serving Size Of Each Of Your Favorite Foods Looks Like. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Special Education: Improved Timeliness and Better Use of Enforcement Actions Could Strengthen Education’s Monitoring System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Sep. Report No.: GAO-04-879.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cuthbertson TH. The fool’s replies: Toward a poetics of folly in Shakespeare’s comedies [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Theater; Into the Trenches of World War I. New York Times. 2017 Feb 1;AR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
AbbreviationInt. J. Behav. Nutr. Phys. Act.
ISSN (online)1479-5868
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles