How to format your references using the International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Forcing the market. Nature. 2003;426:735.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yanina SV, Rosso KM. Linked reactivity at mineral-water interfaces through bulk crystal conduction. Science. 2008;320:218–22.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Deán-Ben XL, Bay E, Razansky D. Functional optoacoustic imaging of moving objects using microsecond-delay acquisition of multispectral three-dimensional tomographic data. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5878.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. van de Koppel J, Gascoigne JC, Theraulaz G, Rietkerk M, Mooij WM, Herman PMJ. Experimental evidence for spatial self-organization and its emergent effects in mussel bed ecosystems. Science. 2008;322:739–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wiedenmannott W. Industrielle Wasseraufbereitung. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
1. Wise CA, Rios JJ, editors. Molecular Genetics of Pediatric Orthopaedic Disorders. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rahmandoust M, Ayatollahi MR. CNT/FRP Composites. In: Ayatollahi MR, editor. Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Based Composites under Consideration of Defects. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 177–217.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.

Blog post
1. Taub B. You Can Now 3D Print Your Own Cosmic Microwave Background [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/you-can-now-3d-print-your-own-cosmic-microwave-background/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Internet Protocol Version 6: Federal Agencies Need to Plan for Transition and Manage Security Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 May. Report No.: GAO-05-471.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Milliken DE. Blood pressure measurement in the primary care provider setting: A project evaluating the blood pressure technique of nursing staff [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Olmsted SA. CITY REPORTS.; A Record of Their Appearance and of Comments Upon Them. New York Times. 1935 Jul 24;BOOKS16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
AbbreviationInt. J. Behav. Nutr. Phys. Act.
ISSN (online)1479-5868
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles