How to format your references using the International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McEwen AS. Planetary science. Active volcanism on Io. Science. 2002;297:2220–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tercero JA, Diffley JF. Regulation of DNA replication fork progression through damaged DNA by the Mec1/Rad53 checkpoint. Nature. 2001;412:553–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Webster AJ, Payne RJH, Pagel M. Molecular phylogenies link rates of evolution and speciation. Science. 2003;301:478.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Disney MJ, Romano JD, Garcia-Appadoo DA, West AA, Dalcanton JJ, Cortese L. Galaxies appear simpler than expected. Nature. 2008;455:1082–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Goria S. Methods and Tools for Creative Competitive Intelligence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Leitner S, Wall F, editors. Artificial Economics and Self Organization: Agent-Based Approaches to Economics and Social Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bagirov AM, Mohebi E. Nonsmooth Optimization Based Algorithms in Cluster Analysis. In: Celebi ME, editor. Partitional Clustering Algorithms. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 99–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Why One Scientist Killed A Bird That Hadn’t Been Seen For Half A Century [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/collection-specimens-scientific-study-still-necessary/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Commercial Aviation: Consumers Could Benefit from Better Information about Airline-Imposed Fees and Refundability of Government-Imposed Taxes and Fees. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Jul. Report No.: GAO-10-785.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Meaux B. Effect of Formation Deformation on Casing Standoff in Highly Deviated and Horizontal Wells [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Paulson M. Spacey Apologizes After Accusation of Misconduct. New York Times. 2017 Oct 30;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
AbbreviationInt. J. Behav. Nutr. Phys. Act.
ISSN (online)1479-5868
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles