How to format your references using the Agricultural Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agricultural Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Childress, L., 2014. Physics. Diamond dynamics under control. Science 345, 1247–1248.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, M.S., Hellberg, M.E., 2003. Genetic evidence for local retention of pelagic larvae in a Caribbean reef fish. Science 299, 107–109.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halter, W.E., Pettke, T., Heinrich, C.A., 2002. The origin of Cu/Au ratios in porphyry-type ore deposits. Science 296, 1844–1846.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guss, K.A., Nelson, C.E., Hudson, A., Kraus, M.E., Carroll, S.B., 2001. Control of a genetic regulatory network by a selector gene. Science 292, 1164–1167.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seabridge, A., Morgan, S., 2010. Air Travel and Health. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nesterenko, M.V., 2011. Thin Impedance Vibrators: Theory and Applications, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Bondarenko, V., Troyanova, G., Balucani, M., Ferrari, A., 2005. Porous Silicon Based SOI: History and Prospects, in: Flandre, D., Nazarov, A.N., Hemment, P.L.F. (Eds.), Science and Technology of Semiconductor-On-Insulator Structures and Devices Operating in a Harsh Environment: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Science and Technology of Semiconductor-On-Insulator Structures and Devices Operating in a Harsh Environment Kiev, Ukraine 26–30 April 2004, NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agricultural Systems.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Deep Sea Explorers Spot Bizarre Fish That Doesn’t Look Real [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. NASA’s Choice of a Location for Its Proposed Lunar Curatorial Facility (No. PSAD-76-130). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tzillah, A., 2009. The emissions of selected air pollutants from biodiesel fuel usage (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Packer, G., 2015. Revolutionary Roads. New York Times BR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Childress, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Childress, 2014, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Hellberg, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Guss et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgricultural Systems
AbbreviationAgric. Syst.
ISSN (print)0308-521X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

Other styles