How to format your references using the Agricultural Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agricultural Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramirez, A.P., 2007. Applied physics. Oxide electronics emerge. Science 315, 1377–1378.
A journal article with 2 authors
Inchausti, P., Halley, J., 2001. Investigating long-term ecological variability using the Global Population Dynamics Database. Science 293, 655–657.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, H., Chen, J., Yu, X., 2007. Ubiquitin-binding protein RAP80 mediates BRCA1-dependent DNA damage response. Science 316, 1202–1205.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chapman, S.C., Blain, A.W., Ivison, R.J., Smail, I.R., 2003. A median redshift of 2.4 for galaxies bright at submillimetre wavelengths. Nature 422, 695–698.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stone, R., Gutiérrez-Albilla, J.D., 2013. A Companion to Luis Buñuel. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Chaudhuri, K., Gentile, C., Zilles, S. (Eds.), 2015. Algorithmic Learning Theory: 26th International Conference, ALT 2015, Banff, AB, Canada, October 4-6, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Iseki, K., Hanakawa, T., 2013. PET/SPECT Imaging During Dynamic Motor Control, in: Nahab, F.B., Hattori, N. (Eds.), Neuroimaging of Movement Disorders. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 59–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agricultural Systems.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2011. Is This Injectable Tanning Drug Safe To Use? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Close Air Support: Upgraded A-7 Aircraft’s Mission Effectiveness and Total Cost Unknown (No. NSIAD-88-210). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKinney, R.W., 2017. The Optimal Balance of Liberal Education and Career Readiness in the Context of the American Promise: A Critical Analysis of the American Association of Colleges and Universities Liberal Education and America’s Promise Challenge (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ziegler, M., 2016. Where the Pro-Life Movement Goes Next. New York Times SR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramirez, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Inchausti and Halley, 2001; Ramirez, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Inchausti and Halley, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chapman et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgricultural Systems
AbbreviationAgric. Syst.
ISSN (print)0308-521X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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