How to format your references using the Agricultural Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agricultural Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibson, M., 2003. Conservation. Fate of Iraqi archaeology. Science 299, 1848–1849.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rodriguez, I.B., Ho, T.-Y., 2014. Diel nitrogen fixation pattern of Trichodesmium: the interactive control of light and Ni. Sci. Rep. 4, 4445.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zorzi, M., Priftis, K., Umiltà, C., 2002. Brain damage: neglect disrupts the mental number line. Nature 417, 138–139.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wachowiak, A., Yamachika, R., Khoo, K.H., Wang, Y., Grobis, M., Lee, D.-H., Louie, S.G., Crommie, M.F., 2005. Visualization of the molecular Jahn-Teller effect in an insulating K4C60 monolayer. Science 310, 468–470.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hollin, C.R., 2016. The Psychology of Interpersonal Violence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kort, Y. de, IJsselsteijn, W., Midden, C., Eggen, B., Fogg, B.J. (Eds.), 2007. Persuasive Technology: Second International Conference on Persuasive Technology, PERSUASIVE 2007, Palo Alto, CA, USA, April 26-27, 2007, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Nicol, C., 2011. Growing Possibilities: Designing Mathematical and Pedagogical Problems Using Variation, in: Schuck, S., Pereira, P. (Eds.), What Counts in Teaching Mathematics: Adding Value to Self and Content. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 45–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agricultural Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Equal But not The Same: A Male Bias Reigns In Medical Research [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Information Technology: Enterprise Architecture Use Across the Federal Government Can Be Improved (No. GAO-02-6). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bontrager, J.G., 2015. Characterization and Applications for A Polymerized DiaCEST Contrast Agent (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2017. The Coda to a Remarkable Career: Barbara Cook Has Retired. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibson, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Gibson, 2003; Rodriguez and Ho, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rodriguez and Ho, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wachowiak et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgricultural Systems
AbbreviationAgric. Syst.
ISSN (print)0308-521X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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