How to format your references using the Agricultural Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agricultural Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trounson, A., 2012. Keith H. Campbell (1954-2012). Nature 491, 193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Younesi, E., Hofmann-Apitius, M., 2013. Biomarker-guided translation of brain imaging into disease pathway models. Sci. Rep. 3, 3375.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, G., Zhuchenko, O., Kuspa, A., 2007. Immune-like phagocyte activity in the social amoeba. Science 317, 678–681.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ghosh, M., Song, X., Mouneimne, G., Sidani, M., Lawrence, D.S., Condeelis, J.S., 2004. Cofilin promotes actin polymerization and defines the direction of cell motility. Science 304, 743–746.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fogel, D.B., Liu, D., Keller, J.M., 2016. Fundamentals of Computational Intelligence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jaiani, G., Podio-Guidugli, P. (Eds.), 2008. IUTAM Symposium on Relations of Shell Plate Beam and 3D Models: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on the Relations of Shell, Plate, Beam, and 3D Models, Dedicated to the Centenary of Ilia Vekua’s Birth, held in Tbilisi, Georgia, April 23-27, 2007, IUTAM Bookseries. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Newcombe, D.S., 2013. Clinical Aspects of Gout and Associated Disease States, in: Robinson, D.R. (Ed.), Gout: Basic Science and Clinical Practice. Springer, London, pp. 91–185.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agricultural Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Amazing Footage Of Volcanic Eruption Shot From A Drone [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Mass Transit: Information on the Federal Role in Funding the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (No. GAO-05-358T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, H., 2008. Linkages Between Career Development and Career Technical Education Outcomes Among High Schools in New Jersey (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McAULEY, J., 2016. Paris, Texas. New York Times M2132.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trounson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Trounson, 2012; Younesi and Hofmann-Apitius, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Younesi and Hofmann-Apitius, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Ghosh et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgricultural Systems
AbbreviationAgric. Syst.
ISSN (print)0308-521X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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