How to format your references using the Agricultural Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agricultural Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
zur Hausen, H., 2011. Science addict. Nature 478, S12.
A journal article with 2 authors
Di Domizio, J., Gilliet, M., 2015. SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY. Designer cells finely tuned for therapy. Science 350, 1478–1479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, D., Amagai, S., Bricken, J., 2012. Science education. Engaging teachers, scientists, and multimedia to promote learning. Science 336, 1509.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mizutani, R., Shimizu, Y., Saiga, R., Ueno, G., Nakamura, Y., Takeuchi, A., Uesugi, K., Suzuki, Y., 2014. Spatiotemporal development of soaked protein crystal. Sci. Rep. 4, 5731.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle, M., 2013. Handbook of Heterogenous Kinetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Czichos, H. (Ed.), 2013. Handbook of Technical Diagnostics: Fundamentals and Application to Structures and Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hemmati, H., Gupta, D., Basu, C., 2015. Molecular Physiology of Heat Stress Responses in Plants, in: Pandey, G.K. (Ed.), Elucidation of Abiotic Stress Signaling in Plants: Functional Genomics Perspectives, Volume 2. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 109–142.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agricultural Systems.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2016. Cretaceous Insect Larvae Hunted Spiders Using Long Legs, Sharp Jaws [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Education Information: Changes in Funds and Priorities Have Affected Production and Quality (No. PEMD-88-4). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey, T., 2014. The Box (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kitsantonis, N., 2017. Debt Relief, With Pain, Is on the Way For Greece. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (zur Hausen, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Di Domizio and Gilliet, 2015; zur Hausen, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Di Domizio and Gilliet, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Mizutani et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAgricultural Systems
AbbreviationAgric. Syst.
ISSN (print)0308-521X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Animal Science and Zoology

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