How to format your references using the Artificial Intelligence and Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Artificial Intelligence and Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo E (2004) Fast Track: charting the course of your postdoc. Nature 431:1126–1127
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsumoto M, Hikosaka O (2009) Two types of dopamine neuron distinctly convey positive and negative motivational signals. Nature 459:837–841
A journal article with 3 authors
Rogina B, Helfand SL, Frankel S (2002) Longevity regulation by Drosophila Rpd3 deacetylase and caloric restriction. Science 298:1745
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lee S-H, Broholm C, Ratcliff W, et al (2002) Emergent excitations in a geometrically frustrated magnet. Nature 418:856–858

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kothari V (2008) Credit Derivatives and Structured Credit Trading. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd., 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809
An edited book
Barwell R, Clarkson P, Halai A, et al (eds) (2016) Mathematics Education and Language Diversity: The 21st ICMI Study, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Cherry MJ (2012) Ritual as Education Concerning Social Space and Time. In: Solomon D, Fan R, Lo P-C (eds) Ritual and the Moral Life: Reclaiming the Tradition. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 53–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Artificial Intelligence and Law.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Prescription Painkillers, Not Marijuana, Are The Gateway Drug To Heroin Addiction Says US Attorney General. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/prescription-painkillers-not-marijuana-are-the-gateway-drug-to-heroin-addiction-says-us-attorney-general/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Joint Strike Fighter: DOD Plans to Enter Production before Testing Demonstrates Acceptable Performance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Santella Steen S (2017) The Potential of Television Programming as a Resource to Facilitate Academic Progress for Students who have a Specific Learning Disability in Reading. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson K (2014) Coaxing Fire and Police Staffs in Arizona to Cut Own Pensions. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Russo 2004; Matsumoto and Hikosaka 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matsumoto and Hikosaka 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleArtificial Intelligence and Law
AbbreviationArtif. Intell. Law
ISSN (print)0924-8463
ISSN (online)1572-8382
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Law

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