How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnic Foods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnic Foods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boggs GR. Science education. Growing roles for science education in community colleges. Science 2010;329:1151–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knohl A, Veldkamp E. Global change: indirect feedbacks to rising CO2. Nature 2011;475:177–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rajan R, Clement JP, Bhalla US. Rats smell in stereo. Science 2006;311:666–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mitchell DG, Perry ME, Hamilton DC, Westlake JH, Kollmann P, Smith HT, et al. Dust grains fall from Saturn’s D-ring into its equatorial upper atmosphere. Science 2018;362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rogers EF Jr. Aquinas and the Supreme Court. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Guin D, Ruthven K, Trouche L, editors. The Didactical Challenge of Symbolic Calculators: Turning a Computational Device into a Mathematical Instrument. vol. 36. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Henzler D, Murphy M. Medical Management of the Patient. In: Mahnken AH, Wilhelm KE, Ricke J, editors. CT- and MR-Guided Interventions in Radiology, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 51–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnic Foods.

Blog post
Luntz S. Vaporized Comets Or Asteroids Detected Around A Young Star. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Facilities: Accessibility for the Disabled Still an Issue. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carpenter DM. Understanding the effect of conflicting information on medication adherence for vasculitis patients. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ. Spotify Is Said to Favor Direct Listing on N.Y.S.E. Over Public Offering. New York Times 2017:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnic Foods
AbbreviationJ. Ethn. Foods
ISSN (print)2352-6181

Other styles