How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnic Foods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnic Foods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Suddendorf T. Behavior. Foresight and evolution of the human mind. Science 2006;312:1006–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kwon H-B, Sabatini BL. Glutamate induces de novo growth of functional spines in developing cortex. Nature 2011;474:100–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ackerman LKG, Lovell MM, Weix DJ. Multimetallic catalysed cross-coupling of aryl bromides with aryl triflates. Nature 2015;524:454–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
McLellan JS, Marcos S, Prieto PM, Burns SA. Imperfect optics may be the eye’s defence against chromatic blur. Nature 2002;417:174–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Anderson JC, Naeim F. Basic Structural Dynamics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Chilamkurti N, Zeadally S, Chaouchi H, editors. Next-Generation Wireless Technologies: 4G and Beyond. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Olsen RA, Juurlink LBF. Hydrogen Dissociation on Stepped Pt Surfaces. In: Díez Muiño R, Busnengo HF, editors. Dynamics of Gas-Surface Interactions: Atomic-level Understanding of Scattering Processes at Surfaces, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 101–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnic Foods.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. A 3.5-Billion Year Old Pilbara Find Is Not The Oldest Fossil: So What Is It? IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/35-billion-year-old-pilbara-find-not-oldest-fossil-so-what-it/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA Has Begun Efforts to Make Data More Publicly Available. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Mikhailik Y. Longing Limned. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Meier B, Drucker J. Russian Seeks Immunity To Help Congress Panels. New York Times 2017:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnic Foods
AbbreviationJ. Ethn. Foods
ISSN (print)2352-6181
Scope

Other styles