How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnic Foods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnic Foods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
DeLong EF. Microbiology. Life on the thermodynamic edge. Science 2007;317:327–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lavik E, Ustin J. Medicine. Leveraging shear stress to bust clots with nanoparticles. Science 2012;337:658–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Yamamoto Y, Stock DW, Jeffery WR. Hedgehog signalling controls eye degeneration in blind cavefish. Nature 2004;431:844–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kramer SG, Kidd T, Simpson JH, Goodman CS. Switching repulsion to attraction: changing responses to slit during transition in mesoderm migration. Science 2001;292:737–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Rodman GB. Why Cultural Studies? Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Basting D, Marowsky G, editors. Excimer Laser Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Basso C, Ho SY, Thiene G. Anatomic and Histopathological Characteristics of the Conductive Tissues of the Heart. In: Gussak I, Antzelevitch C, Wilde AAM, Friedman PA, Ackerman MJ, Shen W-K, editors. Electrical Diseases of the Heart: Genetics, Mechanisms, Treatment, Prevention, London: Springer; 2008, p. 37–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnic Foods.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Promising New Cancer Vaccine Developed. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/promising-new-cancer-vaccine-developed/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia Public Schools: Availability of Funds and the Cost of FY 1997 Roof Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Quiroz CA. A community risk assessment of 90032. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Fales-Hill S. The Slave Trader’s Portrait. New York Times 2016:SR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnic Foods
AbbreviationJ. Ethn. Foods
ISSN (print)2352-6181
Scope

Other styles