How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnic Foods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnic Foods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Odame I. Perspective: we need a global solution. Nature 2014;515:S10.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Young LJ, Barrett CE. Neuroscience. Can oxytocin treat autism? Science 2015;347:825–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Gottfried JA, O’Doherty J, Dolan RJ. Encoding predictive reward value in human amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex. Science 2003;301:1104–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Pellegrini L, Yu DS, Lo T, Anand S, Lee M, Blundell TL, et al. Insights into DNA recombination from the structure of a RAD51-BRCA2 complex. Nature 2002;420:287–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ming D, Glasser D, Hildebrandt D, Glasser B, Metzer M. Attainable Region Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Dubinsky Z, Stambler N, editors. Coral Reefs: An Ecosystem in Transition. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Nishinaga T. Planar Cyclooctatetraenes and Related Ring Systems: Antiaromaticity and Applications. In: Akasaka T, Osuka A, Fukuzumi S, Kandori H, Aso Y, editors. Chemical Science of π-Electron Systems, Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015, p. 47–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnic Foods.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. Why Can’t We See Stars In Space Photographs? IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/why-can-t-we-see-stars-in-space-photographs/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority: Improved Planning of Future Rehabilitation Projects Could Prevent Limitations Identified with SafeTrack. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ray RT. Utilization of a Clinical Reminder System to Increase the Incidence of HIV Screening in a Primary Care Clinic. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF. Comic Book Writer Accused of Plagiarism. New York Times 2010:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnic Foods
AbbreviationJ. Ethn. Foods
ISSN (print)2352-6181
Scope

Other styles