How to format your references using the International Journal of Audiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Audiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chen, I.A., 2006. GE Prize-winning essay. The emergence of cells during the origin of life. Science, 314(5805), p.1558–1559.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tuomisto, H., Ruokolainen, K., 2012. Comment on “Disentangling the drivers of β diversity along latitudinal and elevational gradients.” Science, 335(6076), p.1573; author reply 1573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mohn, F., Handler, D., Brennecke, J., 2015. Noncoding RNA. piRNA-guided slicing specifies transcripts for Zucchini-dependent, phased piRNA biogenesis. Science, 348(6236), p.812–817.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Sordella, R., Bell, D.W., Haber, D.A., Settleman, J., 2004. Gefitinib-sensitizing EGFR mutations in lung cancer activate anti-apoptotic pathways. Science, 305(5687), p.1163–1167.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh, S.A., Rahman, M.A., 2010. An Introduction to Wavelet Modulated Inverters, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tuniz, C., 2010. I lettori di ossa R. Gillespie & C. Jones, eds., Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jiang, G., Diao, L., Kuang, K., 2013. Development of Advanced Thermal Management Materials. In L. Diao & K. Kuang, eds. Advanced Thermal Management Materials. New York, NY: Springer, pp. 45–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Audiology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Our Ancestors Were Carnivorous Super-Predators, So Do We Really Have A Choice About Eating Meat? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Close Air Support: Status of the Air Force’s Efforts to Replace the A-10 Aircraft, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson, K., 2014. An Introduction to the Cox Proportional Hazards Model and Its Applications to Survival Analysis. Doctoral dissertation. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2016. The Wasted Times. New York Times, p.C13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chen, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chen, 2006; Tuomisto & Ruokolainen, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tuomisto & Ruokolainen, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Sordella et al, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Audiology
AbbreviationInt. J. Audiol.
ISSN (print)1499-2027
ISSN (online)1708-8186
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language
Speech and Hearing

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