How to format your references using the Journal of Glaciology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Glaciology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Linden H (2002) Circadian rhythms. A white collar protein senses blue light. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297(5582), 777–778.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kilger C and Bartenbach K (2002) Patent law. New rules for German professors. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298(5596), 1173–1175.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klahr D, Zimmerman C and Jirout J (2011) Educational interventions to advance children’s scientific thinking. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333(6045), 971–975.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takeda Y and others (2011) Macrophage skewing by Phd2 haplodeficiency prevents ischaemia by inducing arteriogenesis. Nature 479(7371), 122–126.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang Q (2013) Practical Design of Magnetostatic Structure Using Numerical Simulation. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Havskov J (2016) Instrumentation in Earthquake Seismology., 2nd ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Lange C and Kuchenbuch A (2006) Integrated Controlling Based on Material and Energy Flow Analysis — A Case Study in Foundry Industries. Wagner B and Enzler S eds. Material Flow Management: Improving Cost Efficiency and Environmental Performance. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, 91–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Glaciology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Frozen Cones On Pluto – The First Discovery Of Ice Volcanoes? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Spanish Version). GAO-06-949. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thigpen LC (2012) Building a concrete foundation: A mixed-method study of teaching styles and the use of concrete, representational, and abstract mathematics instruction. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2003) Some Koreans Give Their Teachers the Whole Apple Tree .. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Linden, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Linden, 2002; Kilger and Bartenbach, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kilger and Bartenbach, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Takeda and others, 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Glaciology
AbbreviationJ. Glaciol.
ISSN (print)0022-1430
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

Other styles