How to format your references using the Journal of Glaciology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Glaciology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder N (2000) UK advised to step up asteroid hunt. Nature 407(6802), 275
A journal article with 2 authors
Nimmo F and Pappalardo RT (2006) Diapir-induced reorientation of Saturn’s moon Enceladus. Nature 441(7093), 614–616
A journal article with 3 authors
Redhu SK, Castronovo M and Nicholson AW (2013) Digital imprinting of RNA recognition and processing on a self-assembled nucleic acid matrix. Sci. Rep. 3, 2550
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Palmer MA, Bernhardt ES, Schlesinger WH, Eshleman KN, Foufoula-Georgiou E, Hendryx MS, Lemly AD, Likens GE, Loucks OL, Power ME, White PS and Wilcock PR (2010) Science and regulation. Mountaintop mining consequences. Science 327(5962), 148–149

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nemethy L (2011) Business Exit Planning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Szasz A (2011) Oncothermia: Principles and Practices. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Barnett MR (2016) Three Decades of Electron Backscatter Diffraction of Magnesium: What Has It Taught Us? Manuel MV, Singh A, Alderman M, and Neelameggham NR eds. Magnesium Technology 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 13–13

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Glaciology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Video shows that seahorses are master assassins of the ocean. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) The Post-Implementation Review. 112925. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zehnder DW (2003) Host-[2]Rotaxane: A Novel Molecular Machine. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2008) Fresh Fare, Ready to Eat. New York Times, NJ12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loder, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Loder, 2000; Nimmo and Pappalardo, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nimmo and Pappalardo, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Palmer and others, 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Glaciology
AbbreviationJ. Glaciol.
ISSN (print)0022-1430
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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