How to format your references using the Journal of Glaciology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Glaciology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunt ML (2013) Applied physics. Robotic walking in the real world. Science 339(6126), 1389–1390
A journal article with 2 authors
Maynard A and Rejeski D (2009) Too small to overlook. Nature 460(7252), 174
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalab P, Weis K and Heald R (2002) Visualization of a Ran-GTP gradient in interphase and mitotic Xenopus egg extracts. Science 295(5564), 2452–2456
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gänsicke BT, Marsh TR, Southworth J and Rebassa-Mansergas A (2006) A gaseous metal disk around a white dwarf. Science 314(5807), 1908–1910

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shreves R and Dunwoodie B (2011) Drupal® 7 Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Motohashi N ed. (2009) Bioactive Heterocycles VII: Flavonoids and Anthocyanins in Plants, and Latest Bioactive Heterocycles II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Filgueiras E, Rebelo F and Moreira da Silva F (2011) Human-Computer Interaction in Office Work: Evaluation of Interaction Patterns Using Office Equipment and Software during Data Entry and Navigation. Robertson MM ed. Ergonomics and Health Aspects of Work with Computers: International Conference, EHAWC 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 40–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Glaciology.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Dolphin Catapults Porpoise In Deadly Attack. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Intercity Passenger Rail: The Financial Viability of Amtrak Continues to Be Threatened. T-RCED-97-94. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson JM (2013) Service learning: Providing the building blocks for a socially responsible nursing role. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) T’s Not Crossed in Community College Tuition. New York Times, LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunt, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Maynard and Rejeski, 2009; Hunt, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maynard and Rejeski, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Gänsicke and others, 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Glaciology
AbbreviationJ. Glaciol.
ISSN (print)0022-1430
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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