How to format your references using the Journal of Glaciology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Glaciology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang LL (2001) Obituary. Wang Ying-lai (1907-2001). Nature 412(6842), 38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fischer J and Loss D (2009) Physics. Dealing with decoherence. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324(5932), 1277–1278.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bouret SG, Draper SJ and Simerly RB (2004) Trophic action of leptin on hypothalamic neurons that regulate feeding. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304(5667), 108–110.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lo JC and others (2007) Lymphotoxin beta receptor-dependent control of lipid homeostasis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316(5822), 285–288.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hampel FR, Ronchetti EM, Rousseeuw PJ and Stahel WA (2005) Robust Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sadahiro Y ed. (2008) Spatial Data Infrastructure for Urban Regeneration. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Coulton P (2014) Designing Mobile and Ubiquitous Games and Playful Interactions. Nijholt A ed. Playful User Interfaces: Interfaces that Invite Social and Physical Interaction. Springer, Singapore, 71–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Glaciology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Forgotten Amber Collection Gives New Insight To Ancient Ecosystems. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Energy Research: Opportunities Exist to Recover Federal Investment in Technology Development Projects. RCED-96-141. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Croghan A (2014) The Effects of Depressive Symptomatology, Intrusive Thinking, and Age on Cognitive Functioning. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fitzsimmons EG (2014) For Families, Memories Mix With Fading Hope. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Wang, 2001; Fischer and Loss, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fischer and Loss, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lo and others, 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Glaciology
AbbreviationJ. Glaciol.
ISSN (print)0022-1430
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

Other styles