How to format your references using the Journal of Glaciology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Glaciology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Niemeyer CM (2002) Nanotechnology. Tools for the biomolecular engineer. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297(5578), 62–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parker HG and Ostrander EA (2014) Cancer. Hiding in plain view--an ancient dog in the modern world. Science (New York, N.Y.) 343(6169), 376–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sainsbury S, Niesser J and Cramer P (2013) Structure and function of the initially transcribing RNA polymerase II-TFIIB complex. Nature 493(7432), 437–440.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou Z, Licklider LJ, Gygi SP and Reed R (2002) Comprehensive proteomic analysis of the human spliceosome. Nature 419(6903), 182–185.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agung IGN (2011) Cross Section and Experimental Data Analysis Using Eviews. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Westphal H, Riegl B and Eberli GP eds. (2010) Carbonate Depositional Systems: Assessing Dimensions and Controlling Parameters: The Bahamas, Belize and the Persian/Arabian Gulf. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Makhrov VP (2012) Controlled Supercavitation Formed by a Ring Type Wing. Nesteruk I ed. Supercavitation: Advances and Perspectives A collection dedicated to the 70th jubilee of Yu.N. Savchenko. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Glaciology.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Here’s How To Beat The Queues At The Supermarket Checkout. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Computer Technology at IRS: Present and Planned. GGD-83-103. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kwon Y (2009) Extreme value estimators: Their long memory feature and forecasting performances in the U.S. stock indexes. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kulish N, Drew C and Rosenberg M (2015) Navy SEALs, a Beating Death and Claims of a Cover-Up. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Niemeyer, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Niemeyer, 2002; Parker and Ostrander, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parker and Ostrander, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou and others, 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Glaciology
AbbreviationJ. Glaciol.
ISSN (print)0022-1430
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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