How to format your references using the Health Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barinaga M. 2000. SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY: Geology Couple Plots a Path to Success. Science (New York, N.Y.) 289(5487): 2027.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson A, Kanamarlapudi V. 2014. The regions within the N-terminus critical for human glucagon like peptide-1 receptor (hGLP-1R) cell surface expression. Scientific Reports 4: 7410.
A journal article with 3 authors
Balazs AC, Emrick T, Russell TP. 2006. Nanoparticle polymer composites: where two small worlds meet. Science (New York, N.Y.) 314(5802): 1107–1110.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen Y, Corriden R, Inoue Y, Yip L, Hashiguchi N, Zinkernagel A, Nizet V, Insel PA, Junger WG. 2006. ATP release guides neutrophil chemotaxis via P2Y2 and A3 receptors. Science (New York, N.Y.) 314(5806): 1792–1795.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adhikari S. 2013. Structural Dynamic Analysis with Generalized Damping Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, USA.
An edited book
Chung K-I, Sohn K, Yung M eds. 2009. Information Security Applications: 9th International Workshop, WISA 2008, Jeju Island, Korea, September 23-25, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
A.r. B, Khapra MM, Bhattacharyya P. 2013. Lost in Translation: Viability of Machine Translation for Cross Language Sentiment Analysis, In Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing: 14th International Conference, CICLing 2013, Samos, Greece, March 24-30, 2013, Proceedings, Part II, Gelbukh A (ed). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg; 38–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Economics.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Scientists Develop Mantis Shrimp-Inspired Sensors That Can Detect Cancer. IFLScience. Available from: [Accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Intermodal Transportation: DOT Could Take Further Actions to Address Intermodal Barriers. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Larson EB. 2014. Bahamian Quaternary Geology and the Global Carbon Budget. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University: Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B, Green J. 2017. Critics at War? Yes. But Agreeing, Too. New York Times: C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barinaga, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Barinaga, 2000; Thompson and Kanamarlapudi, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Kanamarlapudi, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Economics
AbbreviationHealth Econ.
ISSN (online)1099-1050
ScopeHealth Policy

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