How to format your references using the Journal of Cellular Immunotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cellular Immunotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evans RL. Geophysics: Making the Earth move. Nature 2014;509:40–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fletcher DA, Mullins RD. Cell mechanics and the cytoskeleton. Nature 2010;463:485–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morales R, Di Matteo T, Aste T. Dependency structure and scaling properties of financial time series are related. Sci Rep 2014;4:4589.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wignall PB, McArthur JM, Little CTS, Hallam A. Palaeoceanography: methane release in the Early Jurassic period. Nature 2006;441:E5; discussion E5-6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burrows GE, Tyrl RJ. Toxic Plants of North America. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
Papathanasiou J, Ploskas N, Linden I, editors. Real-World Decision Support Systems: Case Studies. vol. 37. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Mendoza-Arroyo C, Vall-Casas P. Urban Neighbourhood Regeneration and Community Participation: An Unresolved Issue in the Barcelona Experience. In: Tiwari R, Lommerse M, Smith D, editors. M2 Models and Methodologies for Community Engagement, Singapore: Springer; 2014, p. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cellular Immunotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew E. The ‘Houdini’ Honey Badger … And Other Surprisingly Clever Animals. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FCC: Development of Technical and Spectrum Requirements for Meeting Public Safety Agency Communication Requirements Through 2010, Establishment of Rules and Requirements for Priority Access Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vado PF. Foster Care Independence Act of 1999: A policy analysis. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L. That’s Not How It Went On the Deal With Iran. New York Times 2017:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cellular Immunotherapy
ISSN (print)2352-1775

Other styles