How to format your references using the Journal of Cellular Immunotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cellular Immunotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kotliar G. Physics. Driving the electron over the edge. Science 2003;302:67–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fromherz P, Voelker M. Comment on “Detection, stimulation, and inhibition of neuronal signals with high-density nanowire transistor arrays.” Science 2009;323:1429; author reply 1429.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aharonian FA, Bogovalov SV, Khangulyan D. Abrupt acceleration of a “cold” ultrarelativistic wind from the Crab pulsar. Nature 2012;482:507–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Whitby FG, Masters EI, Kramer L, Knowlton JR, Yao Y, Wang CC, et al. Structural basis for the activation of 20S proteasomes by 11S regulators. Nature 2000;408:115–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Choudhry M. Fixed Income Securities and Derivatives Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Habib NA, Canelo R, editors. Liver and Pancreatic Diseases Management. vol. 574. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Bujalance E, Cirre FJ, Gamboa JM, Gromadzki G. Symmetry Types of Riemann Surfaces with a Large Group of Automorphisms. In: Cirre FJ, Gamboa JM, Gromadzki G, editors. Symmetries of Compact Riemann Surfaces, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 91–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cellular Immunotherapy.

Blog post
Luntz S. Watch A Blood Moon Eclipse April 4th. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: National Broadband Plan Reflects the Experiences of Leading Countries, but Implementation Will Be Challenging. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chongkrairatanakul W. Foreign-educated nurses. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Folkers KM. The Millennials’ S.T.D.? New York Times 2016:SR5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cellular Immunotherapy
ISSN (print)2352-1775

Other styles