How to format your references using the Journal of Cellular Immunotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cellular Immunotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
White BT. IBI series winner. Aipotu: simulation from nucleotides to populations and back again. Science 2012;337:424–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huang AS, Tan CYH. Science and society. Achieving scientific eminence within Asia. Science 2010;329:1471–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nam J-M, Thaxton CS, Mirkin CA. Nanoparticle-based bio-bar codes for the ultrasensitive detection of proteins. Science 2003;301:1884–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Scott FL, Stec B, Pop C, Dobaczewska MK, Lee JJ, Monosov E, et al. The Fas-FADD death domain complex structure unravels signalling by receptor clustering. Nature 2009;457:1019–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trout J, Rivkin S. Differentiate or Die. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Chan AHS, Ao S-I, editors. Advances in Industrial Engineering and Operations Research. vol. 5. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang G, Wang R. H2S and Blood Vessels: An Overview. In: Moore PK, Whiteman M, editors. Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmacology of Hydrogen Sulfide, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 85–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cellular Immunotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew E. This Is What Supercontinent Pangea Looks Like Mapped With Modern Borders. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: VA and DOD Face Challenges in Completing Key Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moss KA. The Development and Diffusion of the Cult of Isis in the Hellenistic Period. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schulman M. Julie Klausner Meets a Cult-Movie Legend. New York Times 2017:ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cellular Immunotherapy
ISSN (print)2352-1775

Other styles