How to format your references using the Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Youngman, R. E. (2014). Amorphous Materials. Glimpsing glass structure under pressure. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6200), 998–999.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brodsky, E. E., & Lajoie, L. J. (2013). Anthropogenic seismicity rates and operational parameters at the Salton Sea Geothermal Field. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6145), 543–546.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaan, H. Y. K., Hackney, D. D., & Kozielski, F. (2011). The structure of the kinesin-1 motor-tail complex reveals the mechanism of autoinhibition. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6044), 883–885.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Petersen, J. M., Zielinski, F. U., Pape, T., Seifert, R., Moraru, C., Amann, R., et al. (2011). Hydrogen is an energy source for hydrothermal vent symbioses. Nature, 476(7359), 176–180.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Irene, E. A. (2005). Electronic Materials Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Managi, S. (2009). The Economics of Sustainable Development: The Case of India. (S. Kumar, Ed.) (Vol. 32). New York, NY: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Hendel, R. (2015). The Exodus as Cultural Memory: Egyptian Bondage and the Song of the Sea. In T. E. Levy, T. Schneider, & W. H. C. Propp (Eds.), Israel’s Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective: Text, Archaeology, Culture, and Geoscience (pp. 65–77). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, September 15). Open Source Science Explores Malaria Drugs. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Trademark ADP System: Patent Office Should Analyze Alternatives Before Contract Award (No. IMTEC-87-44). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vento-Wilson, M. (2012). The role of the speech-language pathologist and augmentative and alternative communication with acute care patients with severe communication impairments (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schilling, M. K. (2017, May 9). The Accidental Tourist. New York Times, p. M2106.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Youngman 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Brodsky and Lajoie 2013; Youngman 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brodsky and Lajoie 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Petersen et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education
ISSN (online)2365-502X

Other styles