How to format your references using the Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berry, B. (2013). Teacherpreneurs: a bold brand of teacher leadership for 21st-century teaching and learning. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6130), 309–310.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Leary, T., & Marder, E. (2014). Neuroscience. Mapping neural activation onto behavior in an entire animal. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6182), 372–373.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, H., Pei, Y., & Fang, D. (2014). Magnetic field tunable small-scale mechanical properties of nickel single crystals measured by nanoindentation technique. Scientific reports, 4, 4583.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tumino, A., Spitaleri, C., La Cognata, M., Cherubini, S., Guardo, G. L., Gulino, M., et al. (2018). Publisher Correction: An increase in the 12C + 12C fusion rate from resonances at astrophysical energies. Nature, 561(7721), E3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schrör, K. (2016). Acetylsalicylic Acid. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Bokut, L., Shestakov, I., Latyshev, V., & Zelmanov, E. (Eds.). (2009). Selected Works of A.I. Shirshov. Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Michl, S. (2015). The Epistemics of “Personalized Medicine”. Rebranding Pharmacogenetics. In T. Fischer, M. Langanke, P. Marschall, & S. Michl (Eds.), Individualized Medicine: Ethical, Economical and Historical Perspectives (pp. 61–78). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 18). How Australia’s Biggest Dust Storm Went On To Green The Ocean. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). ADP Systems: VA Actions to Improve Management of Information Resources (No. IMTEC-89-24). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yanez, A. M. (2010). Chicano and Black radical activism of the 1960s: A comparison between the Brown Berets and the Black Panther Party in California (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schlossberg, T., & Tabuchi, H. (2017, June 10). Settlements for Company Sins Can No Longer Aid Other Projects. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dickersin 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Clarke 2002; Ravallion 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Leary and Marder 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wilde et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education
ISSN (online)2365-502X

Other styles