How to format your references using the Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huber, M. (2008). Climate change. A hotter greenhouse? Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5887), 353–354.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baconguis, I., & Gouaux, E. (2012). Structural plasticity and dynamic selectivity of acid-sensing ion channel-spider toxin complexes. Nature, 489(7416), 400–405.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vaupel, J. W., Carey, J. R., & Christensen, K. (2003). Aging. It’s never too late. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5640), 1679–1681.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, W. P., Li, Q., Xiong, Y. Q., Zhang, Q. M., Wang, D. H., Cao, Q. Q., et al. (2014). Electric field manipulation of magnetic and transport properties in SrRuO3/Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 heterostructure. Scientific reports, 4, 6991.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama, M., Kiamouche, W., & Batatia, H. (2015). Connections Management Strategies in Satellite Cellular Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Feige, J.-J., Pagès, G., & Soncin, F. (Eds.). (2014). Molecular Mechanisms of Angiogenesis: From Ontogenesis to Oncogenesis. Paris: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Van Dyke, C., & Meketon, M. (2015). Car Scheduling/Trip Planning. In B. W. Patty (Ed.), Handbook of Operations Research Applications at Railroads (pp. 79–118). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, November 11). This Web Tool Uses Your Social Media Activity To Predict Your Past, Present, And Future. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Federal Aviation Administration: Challenges for Transforming Into a High-Performing Organization (No. GAO-04-770T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koner, K. M. (2012). The development and validation of an instrument to measure wind ensemble error detection skills among instrumental music educators (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2014, July 19). Hundreds in Detroit Protest Over Move to Shut Off Water. New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huber 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Baconguis and Gouaux 2012; Huber 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baconguis and Gouaux 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education
ISSN (online)2365-502X

Other styles