How to format your references using the Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rauchway, E. (2009). Recession Watch: Work for the greater good. Nature, 457(7232), 959–960.
A journal article with 2 authors
Žutić, I., & Cernĕ, J. (2011). Physics. Chameleon magnets. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6033), 1040–1041.
A journal article with 3 authors
Russo, R., Herrmann, H. J., & de Arcangelis, L. (2014). Brain modularity controls the critical behavior of spontaneous activity. Scientific reports, 4, 4312.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, R., Xu, Y., Wen, B., Sheng, N., & Fang, H. (2014). Enhanced permeation of a hydrophobic fluid through particles with hydrophobic and hydrophilic patterned surfaces. Scientific reports, 4, 5738.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hezaveh, A. (2007). SAS® 9 Study Guide. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Al-Begain, K., Fiems, D., & Knottenbelt, W. J. (Eds.). (2010). Analytical and Stochastic Modeling Techniques and Applications: 17th International Conference, ASMTA 2010, Cardiff, UK, June 14-16, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6148). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, D., Hassaneen-Mostafa, W., & Tsimpas, A. (2016). Overview, Measurement and Point-of-Care Testing of Platelet Function. In C. M. Loftus (Ed.), Anticoagulation and Hemostasis in Neurosurgery (pp. 55–64). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 6). Lightning Strikes Can Alter Rock At The Atomic Level. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Aviation Security: Progress Made in Systematic Planning to Guide Key Investment Decisions, but More Work Remains (No. GAO-07-448T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Orozco, M. (2015). Music preference and its effects on emotion processes and identity development in young adult females: An examination of the “emo” subculture (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, G. (2013, April 18). London To Harlem Via Chelsea. New York Times, p. E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rauchway 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Rauchway 2009; Žutić and Cernĕ 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Žutić and Cernĕ 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Behavioral Science and Medical Education
ISSN (online)2365-502X

Other styles