How to format your references using the International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nadis S (2000) Brookhaven collider opens its quest for Big Bang conditions. Nature 405:874
A journal article with 2 authors
Starace DM, Bezanilla F (2004) A proton pore in a potassium channel voltage sensor reveals a focused electric field. Nature 427:548–553
A journal article with 3 authors
Komatsu T, Sekiya T, Nagata K (2013) DNA replication-dependent binding of CTCF plays a critical role in adenovirus genome functions. Sci Rep 3:2187
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Boulton SJ, Gartner A, Reboul J, et al (2002) Combined functional genomic maps of the C. elegans DNA damage response. Science 295:127–131

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raju KSN (2011) Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Borrego C, Norman A-L (eds) (2007) Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application XVII. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Casalino N, Armenia S, Draoli M (2010) A System Dynamics Model to Identify and Measure the Paper Digitization Advantages in Public Administration. In: D’Atri A, De Marco M, Braccini AM, Cabiddu F (eds) Management of the Interconnected World: ItAIS: The Italian Association for Information Systems. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp 29–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) There’s A Cheaper Alternative To The EpiPen - But Your Pharmacist Can Only Give It To You If You Do This. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) ADP Budget: Potential Reductions to Army Automation Initiatives. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weber C (2013) Exercise for older adults with dementia. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Scouting Report. New York Times E6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nadis 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Nadis 2000; Starace and Bezanilla 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Starace and Bezanilla 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Boulton et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Adv. Struct. Eng.
ISSN (print)2008-3556
ISSN (online)2008-6695
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

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