How to format your references using the International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carlson RW (2015) Planetary science: A new recipe for Earth formation. Nature 520:299–300
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Higgins P, Elton S (2007) Anthropology. Walking on trees. Science 316:1292–1294
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson PTJ, de Roode JC, Fenton A (2015) Why infectious disease research needs community ecology. Science 349:1259504
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tellides G, Tereb DA, Kirkiles-Smith NC, et al (2000) Interferon-gamma elicits arteriosclerosis in the absence of leukocytes. Nature 403:207–211

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Uriev NB (2016) Technology of Dispersed Systems and Materials. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Xia Y (2013) Compound Control Methodology for Flight Vehicles. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Oestreicher L (2009) Teaching Human-Computer Interaction from Real World Examples — Furnishing Creativity? In: Kotzé P, Wong W, Jorge J, et al. (eds) Creativity and HCI: From Experience to Design in Education. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 60–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Huge Meta-Study Of Vaccines Reveals No Link To Autism. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Doctoral Programs in Public Administration: Some Basic Data and a Few Comments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brightbill RG (2012) Bradenton, FL: A Patchwork City. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman JL (2017) What Kal Penn Loves About Being in Toronto. New York Times TR2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carlson 2015).
This sentence cites two references (O’Higgins and Elton 2007; Carlson 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Higgins and Elton 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Tellides et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Adv. Struct. Eng.
ISSN (print)2008-3556
ISSN (online)2008-6695
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

Other styles