How to format your references using the International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Agrawal AF (2001) Sexual selection and the maintenance of sexual reproduction. Nature 411:692–695
A journal article with 2 authors
Carlton JG, Martin-Serrano J (2007) Parallels between cytokinesis and retroviral budding: a role for the ESCRT machinery. Science 316:1908–1912
A journal article with 3 authors
van Doorn GS, Edelaar P, Weissing FJ (2009) On the origin of species by natural and sexual selection. Science 326:1704–1707
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cokus SJ, Feng S, Zhang X, et al (2008) Shotgun bisulphite sequencing of the Arabidopsis genome reveals DNA methylation patterning. Nature 452:215–219

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans PW (2010) Top Hat. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Formaggia L, Quarteroni A, Veneziani A (eds) (2009) Cardiovascular Mathematics: Modeling and simulation of the circulatory system. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Kang K, Zhang J, Cao Y, Wang Z (2015) Simultaneously Retargeting and Super-Resolution for Stereoscopic Video. In: Zha H, Chen X, Wang L, Miao Q (eds) Computer Vision: CCF Chinese Conference, CCCV 2015, Xi’an, China, September 18-20, 2015, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 31–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Blind Man Now Able To See Shapes Thanks To Bionic Eye. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Implications of Joint NASA/DOD Participation in Space Shuttle Operations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paoletti MS (2010) Experimental characterization of turbulent superfluid helium. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF (2006) The Wit of Gilbert and Sullivan, the Joys of Yiddish. New York Times 14LI8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Agrawal 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Agrawal 2001; Carlton and Martin-Serrano 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carlton and Martin-Serrano 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Cokus et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Adv. Struct. Eng.
ISSN (print)2008-3556
ISSN (online)2008-6695
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

Other styles