How to format your references using the International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen JE (2008) Make secondary education universal. Nature 456:572–573
A journal article with 2 authors
Bowler C, Scanlan DJ (2014) Genetics. Being selective in the Prochlorococcus collective. Science 344:366–367
A journal article with 3 authors
Kilner RM, Madden JR, Hauber ME (2004) Brood parasitic cowbird nestlings use host young to procure resources. Science 305:877–879
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Perraki A, DeFalco TA, Derbyshire P, et al (2018) Author Correction: Phosphocode-dependent functional dichotomy of a common co-receptor in plant signalling. Nature

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dubé J, Legros D (2014) Spatial Econometrics Using Microdata. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Heumann C (2016) Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis: With Exercises, Solutions and Applications in R. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Ahmed S (2007) Application of Geostatistics in Hydrosciences. In: Thangarajan M (ed) Groundwater: Resource Evaluation, Augmentation, Contamination, Restoration, Modeling and Management. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 78–111

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Your Testicles Contain More Diverse Proteins Than Any Other Human Organ. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Aviation Security: Improvement still Needed in Federal Aviation Security Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lambert M (2015) Generational Differences in the Workplace: The Perspectives of Three Generations on Career Mobility. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB (2017) Snap Stretches the Limits of Valuation. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen 2008; Bowler and Scanlan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bowler and Scanlan 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Perraki et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Adv. Struct. Eng.
ISSN (print)2008-3556
ISSN (online)2008-6695
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

Other styles