How to format your references using the International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pinker S (2011) Decline of violence: Taming the devil within us. Nature 478:309–311
A journal article with 2 authors
Iimura T, Pourquié O (2006) Collinear activation of Hoxb genes during gastrulation is linked to mesoderm cell ingression. Nature 442:568–571
A journal article with 3 authors
Raymo ME, Lisiecki LE, Nisancioglu KH (2006) Plio-Pleistocene ice volume, Antarctic climate, and the global delta18O record. Science 313:492–495
A journal article with 5 or more authors
McNerny DQ, Viswanath B, Copic D, et al (2014) Direct fabrication of graphene on SiO2 enabled by thin film stress engineering. Sci Rep 4:5049

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell D (2014) The JCT Standard Building Contract 2011. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
Wang R, Shen E, Gu F (eds) (2008) Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics ICCN 2007: Proceedings of the International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics. ICCN 2007 Proceedings. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Neuhaus F (2011) timeSpace. In: Neuhaus F (ed) Studies in Temporal Urbanism: The urbanTick Experiment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 27–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) How Much Does Thor’s Hammer Weigh? In: IFLScience.’s-hammer-weigh/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Proprietary Schools: Poorer Student Outcomes at Schools That Rely More on Federal Student Aid. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coles J (2017) The Balancing of Parental Support and Pressure in Fostering Collegiate Athletes. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Deluded, Yet So Reasonable. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pinker 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Iimura and Pourquié 2006; Pinker 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Iimura and Pourquié 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (McNerny et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering
AbbreviationInt. J. Adv. Struct. Eng.
ISSN (print)2008-3556
ISSN (online)2008-6695
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering

Other styles