How to format your references using the International Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service RF. CHEMISTRY NOBEL: Getting a Charge Out of Plastics. Science 2000;290:425–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morehouse NI, Rutowski RL. Comment on “Floral iridescence, produced by diffractive optics, acts as a cue for animal pollinators.” Science 2009;325:1072; author reply 1072.
A journal article with 3 authors
Taguchi A, Wartschow LM, White MF. Brain IRS2 signaling coordinates life span and nutrient homeostasis. Science 2007;317:369–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wakabayashi Y, Mao J-H, Brown K, Girardi M, Balmain A. Promotion of Hras-induced squamous carcinomas by a polymorphic variant of the Patched gene in FVB mice. Nature 2007;445:761–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruckmongathan TN. Addressing Techniques of Liquid Crystal Displays. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Choraś RS, editor. Image Processing and Communications Challenges 2. vol. 84. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Bertucci C, Duru F, Edberg N, Fraenz M, Martinecz C, Szego K, et al. The Induced Magnetospheres of Mars, Venus, and Titan. In: Szego K, editor. The Plasma Environment of Venus, Mars, and Titan, New York, NY: Springer US; 2012, p. 113–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells.

Blog post
Hale T. The Myth Of The “Singing Snakes” Turns Out To Be A New Frog Species. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Compliance with Cost Limits. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lin Y-S. Virtuoso piano transcriptions of Stephen Hough and Marc-André Hamelin: Lisztian tradition in the twenty-first century. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Football Culture Keeps Some In the Dark. New York Times 2010:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells
ISSN (print)2211-9116

Other styles