How to format your references using the International Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gangui A. Astronomy. A preposterous universe. Science 2003;299:1333–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Panchanathan K, Boyd R. Indirect reciprocity can stabilize cooperation without the second-order free rider problem. Nature 2004;432:499–502.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lyon BE, Chaine AS, Winkler DW. Ecology. A matter of timing. Science 2008;321:1051–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Koziol K, Vilatela J, Moisala A, Motta M, Cunniff P, Sennett M, et al. High-performance carbon nanotube fiber. Science 2007;318:1892–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferrari ML, Damo UM, Turan A, Sánchez D. Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Sgobba T, Rongier I, editors. Space Safety is No Accident: The 7th IAASS Conference. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou B, Cox AD. Posttranslational Modifications of Small G Proteins. In: Wittinghofer A, editor. Ras Superfamily Small G Proteins: Biology and Mechanisms 1: General Features, Signaling, Vienna: Springer; 2014, p. 99–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells.

Blog post
Andrew E. Dawn Space Probe Sends New Images of Dwarf Planet Ceres. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Comments on H.R. 3229 and H.R. 3240. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morrison GK. Self-reported, interview-assisted diet records underreport protein and energy intake in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Surico J. Model Pet? Try a Rat. New York Times 2017:MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells
ISSN (print)2211-9116

Other styles