How to format your references using the International Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harris J. Soil microbial communities and restoration ecology: facilitators or followers? Science 2009;325:573–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Best RB, Hummer G. Comment on “Force-clamp spectroscopy monitors the folding trajectory of a single protein.” Science 2005;308:498; author reply 498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knudson MD, Desjarlais MP, Dolan DH. Shock-wave exploration of the high-pressure phases of carbon. Science 2008;322:1822–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Haile SM, Boysen DA, Chisholm CR, Merle RB. Solid acids as fuel cell electrolytes. Nature 2001;410:910–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lhabitant F-S. Hedge Funds. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2004.
An edited book
Hyvärinen A. Natural Image Statistics: A Probabilistic Approach to Early Computational Vision. vol. 39. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Adjei IM, Sharma B, Labhasetwar V. Nanoparticles: Cellular Uptake and Cytotoxicity. In: Capco DG, Chen Y, editors. Nanomaterial: Impacts on Cell Biology and Medicine, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 73–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells.

Blog post
Hale T. Over 50 Wrestlers Are Suing WWE Over Brain Injuries. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Reform: Billions of Dollars in Savings Have Been Realized, but Agencies Need to Complete Reinvestment Plans. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills J. Catherine of Siena: No Saint Is an Island. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Revolving Roles. New York Times 2005:14LI12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells
ISSN (print)2211-9116

Other styles