How to format your references using the International Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hurles M. Are 100,000 “SNPs” useless? Science 2002;298:1509; author reply 1509.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keefe AD, Szostak JW. Functional proteins from a random-sequence library. Nature 2001;410:715–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vukusic P, Sambles JR, Lawrence CR. Colour mixing in wing scales of a butterfly. Nature 2000;404:457.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen Z-G, Ni X, Wu Y, He C, Sun X-C, Zheng L-Y, et al. Accidental degeneracy of double Dirac cones in a phononic crystal. Sci Rep 2014;4:4613.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lakshminarayana B. Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer of Turbomachinery. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
Zieliński M, Rami-Porta R, editors. The Transcervical Approach in Thoracic Surgery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Acchar W, Dultra EJV. Coffee Industry in Brazil. In: J. V. Dultra E, editor. Ceramic Materials from Coffee Bagasse Ash Waste, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 23–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells.

Blog post
Luntz S. Clues To Ancient Meteor Impacts Found. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Vulnerabilities and Potential Improvements for the Air Cargo System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mavromati A. One Foot In. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Celebrating South Africa and a Job Done Well. New York Times 2010:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Adipose Tissue and Stem Cells
ISSN (print)2211-9116

Other styles