How to format your references using the Economics and Human Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics and Human Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helmuth, L., 2000. ALZHEIMER’S CONGRESS: Further Progress on a. Science 289, 375a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fan, Q.R., Hendrickson, W.A., 2005. Structure of human follicle-stimulating hormone in complex with its receptor. Nature 433, 269–277.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yi, J.S., Du, M., Zajac, A.J., 2009. A vital role for interleukin-21 in the control of a chronic viral infection. Science 324, 1572–1576.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pimenta, B.V.S., Haddad, C.F.B., Nascimento, L.B., Cruz, C.A.G., Pombal, J.P., Jr, 2005. Comment on “Status and trends of amphibian declines and extinctions worldwide.” Science 309, 1999; author reply 1999.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure, 1993. Particle Size Classifiers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kalmykov, Y.P. (Ed.), 2013. Recent Advances in Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bayan, E.M., Lupeiko, T.G., Pustovaya, L.E., Fedorenko, A.G., 2016. Synthesis of Titanium Dioxide: The Influence of Process Parameters on the Structural, Size and Photocatalytic Properties, in: Parinov, I.A., Chang, S.-H., Topolov, V.Y. (Eds.), Advanced Materials: Manufacturing, Physics, Mechanics and Applications, Springer Proceedings in Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 51–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics and Human Biology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. The Wow! Signal Sorted? Not So Fast! [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Electronic Government: Federal Agencies Continue to Invest in Smart Card Technology (No. GAO-04-948). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tucker, C.M., 2010. End-stage renal disease patients and dialysis: Can consistent transportation influence quality of life and treatment compliance? A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr, 2017. State Senators Confirm First Openly Gay Judge For New York’s Top Court. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Helmuth, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Fan and Hendrickson, 2005; Helmuth, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fan and Hendrickson, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Pimenta et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics and Human Biology
AbbreviationEcon. Hum. Biol.
ISSN (print)1570-677X
ScopeHealth(social science)

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