How to format your references using the Economics and Human Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics and Human Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hennecke, U., 2013. Chemistry. Revealing the positive side of fluorine. Science 340, 41–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lazio, T.J.W., LaRosa, T.N., 2005. Astronomy. At the heart of the Milky Way. Science 307, 686–687.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuang, S.-T., Kuo, Y.-H., Su, M.-J., 2014. Antifibrotic effects of KS370G, a caffeamide derivative, in renal ischemia-reperfusion injured mice and renal tubular epithelial cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 5814.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liang, W.-Y., Wang, S., Li, H.-W., Yin, Z.-Q., Chen, W., Yao, Y., Huang, J.-Z., Guo, G.-C., Han, Z.-F., 2014. Proof-of-principle experiment of reference-frame-independent quantum key distribution with phase coding. Sci. Rep. 4, 3617.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blume, S.W., 2011. High Voltage Protection for Telecommunications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Domaratzki, M., Okhotin, A., Salomaa, K., Yu, S. (Eds.), 2005. Implementation and Application of Automata: 9th International Conference, CIAA 2004, Kingston, Canada, July 22-24, 2004, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bridges, D., 2014. The Discipline(s) of Educational Research, in: Reid, A.D., Hart, E.P., Peters, M.A. (Eds.), A Companion to Research in Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 31–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics and Human Biology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Earthquakes Can Trigger Aftershocks In Faults Hundreds Of Kilometers Away [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Cost Comparison of House of Representatives Page System Versus Regular Messenger Employees (No. GGD-83-108). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crosby, A.E., 2012. A phenomenological heuristic study of psychosocial factors that contribute to African American females’ HIV seroconversion (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B., 2017. While Nashville Parties, the Predators Cut Loose. New York Times SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hennecke, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hennecke, 2013; Lazio and LaRosa, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lazio and LaRosa, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Liang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics and Human Biology
AbbreviationEcon. Hum. Biol.
ISSN (print)1570-677X
ScopeHealth(social science)

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