How to format your references using the Economics and Human Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics and Human Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cho, A., 2014. Computer science. Quantum or not, controversial computer yields no speedup. Science 344, 1330–1331.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schink, B., Friedrich, M., 2000. Phosphite oxidation by sulphate reduction. Nature 406, 37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bartels, T., Choi, J.G., Selkoe, D.J., 2011. α-Synuclein occurs physiologically as a helically folded tetramer that resists aggregation. Nature 477, 107–110.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Latyshev, Y.I., Orlov, A.P., Volkov, V.A., Enaldiev, V.V., Zagorodnev, I.V., Vyvenko, O.F., Petrov, Y.V., Monceau, P., 2014. Transport of massless Dirac fermions in non-topological type edge states. Sci. Rep. 4, 7578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lin, X.S., 2006. Introductory Stochastic Analysis for Finance and Insurance: Lin/Introductory, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Greenberg, C., Collins, B., Thompson, F., III (Eds.), 2011. Sustaining Young Forest Communities: Ecology and Management of early successional habitats in the central hardwood region, USA, Managing Forest Ecosystems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Prieur, C., 2006. Recent results on weak dependence for causal sequences. Statistical applications to dynamical systems, in: Bertail, P., Soulier, P., Doukhan, P. (Eds.), Dependence in Probability and Statistics, Lecture Notes in Statistics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 87–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics and Human Biology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. “Cassie’ Is Set To Revolutionize The Way Robots Walk [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Tax Systems Modernization: Cyberfile Project Was Poorly Planned and Managed (No. AIMD-96-140). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allyasin, F., 2010. Low-cost frequency-domain methods of ruby fluorescence lifetime measurements (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarey, C., 2017. At 74, a Champion Who Won’t Concede. New York Times B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cho, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Cho, 2014; Schink and Friedrich, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schink and Friedrich, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Latyshev et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics and Human Biology
AbbreviationEcon. Hum. Biol.
ISSN (print)1570-677X
ScopeHealth(social science)

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