How to format your references using the Economics and Human Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics and Human Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vela, C., 2012. Turn Spain’s budget crisis into an opportunity. Nature 486, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pimm, S.L., Brown, J.H., 2004. Ecology. Domains of diversity. Science 304, 831–833.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lepper, C., Conway, S.J., Fan, C.-M., 2009. Adult satellite cells and embryonic muscle progenitors have distinct genetic requirements. Nature 460, 627–631.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Booth, J.A., Thomassen, G.O.S., Rowe, A.D., Weel-Sneve, R., Lagesen, K., Kristiansen, K.I., Bjørås, M., Rognes, T., Lindvall, J.M., 2013. Tiling array study of MNNG treated Escherichia coli reveals a widespread transcriptional response. Sci. Rep. 3, 3053.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena, F.B., 2008. Color Atlas of Local and Systemic Signs of Cardiovascular Disease. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Pérez, P.J. (Ed.), 2012. Alkane C-H Activation by Single-Site Metal Catalysis, Catalysis by Metal Complexes. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Senkerik, R., Pluhacek, M., Zelinka, I., Oplatkova, Z.K., Vala, R., Jasek, R., 2014. Performance of Chaos Driven Differential Evolution on Shifted Benchmark Functions Set, in: Herrero, Á., Baruque, B., Klett, F., Abraham, A., Snášel, V., Carvalho, A.C.P.L.F. de, Bringas, P.G., Zelinka, I., Quintián, H., Corchado, E. (Eds.), International Joint Conference SOCO’13-CISIS’13-ICEUTE’13: Salamanca, Spain, September 11th-13th, 2013 Proceedings, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics and Human Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. How Much Does Thor’s Hammer Weigh? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL’s-hammer-weigh/ (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Higher Education: Trustee Arrangements Serve Useful Purpose in Student Loan Market (No. HEHS-00-170). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khaleghi, F.K., 2017. Evaluating Satisfaction of Participants within the Outreach and Engagement Program of MECCA (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Homans, C., 2012. A Soap Opera on the High Seas. New York Times MM26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vela, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Pimm and Brown, 2004; Vela, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pimm and Brown, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Booth et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics and Human Biology
AbbreviationEcon. Hum. Biol.
ISSN (print)1570-677X
ScopeHealth(social science)

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