How to format your references using the Economics and Human Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics and Human Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haggard, P., 2009. Neuroscience. The sources of human volition. Science 324, 731–733.
A journal article with 2 authors
Doherty, C.J., Kay, S.A., 2012. Circadian surprise--it’s not all about transcription. Science 338, 338–340.
A journal article with 3 authors
Horne-Badovinac, S., Rebagliati, M., Stainier, D.Y.R., 2003. A cellular framework for gut-looping morphogenesis in zebrafish. Science 302, 662–665.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cernilogar, F.M., Onorati, M.C., Kothe, G.O., Burroughs, A.M., Parsi, K.M., Breiling, A., Lo Sardo, F., Saxena, A., Miyoshi, K., Siomi, H., Siomi, M.C., Carninci, P., Gilmour, D.S., Corona, D.F.V., Orlando, V., 2011. Chromatin-associated RNA interference components contribute to transcriptional regulation in Drosophila. Nature 480, 391–395.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, A., 2012. Fracture Mechanics 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Farzanegan, M.R., Alaedini, P. (Eds.), 2016. Economic Welfare and Inequality in Iran: Developments since the Revolution. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Grzegorzewski, P., 2010. Algorithms for Trapezoidal Approximations of Fuzzy Numbers Preserving the Expected Interval, in: Bouchon-Meunier, B., Magdalena, L., Ojeda-Aciego, M., Verdegay, J.-L., Yager, R.R. (Eds.), Foundations of Reasoning under Uncertainty, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 85–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics and Human Biology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Corals Eat By Stirring Up Turbulent Vortexes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Supplemental Student Loans: Who Borrows and Who Defaults (No. HRD-90-33FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desgens-Martin, V., 2014. High prevalence of carcinoma in California sea lions Zalophus californianus: Evidence of a xenobiotic-induced carcinogenic cascade? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmitt, E., Bradsher, K., 2017. After Pair of Crashes in 2 Months, Navy Will Pause for Safety Check. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Haggard, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Doherty and Kay, 2012; Haggard, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Doherty and Kay, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Cernilogar et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics and Human Biology
AbbreviationEcon. Hum. Biol.
ISSN (print)1570-677X
ScopeHealth(social science)

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