How to format your references using the Economics and Human Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics and Human Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rohn, J., 2010. Women scientists must speak out. Nature 468, 733.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roman, J., Palumbi, S.R., 2003. Whales before whaling in the North Atlantic. Science 301, 508–510.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marchevsky, M., Higgins, M.J., Bhattacharya, S., 2001. Two coexisting vortex phases in the peak effect regime in a superconductor. Nature 409, 591–594.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Santamaría, D., Barrière, C., Cerqueira, A., Hunt, S., Tardy, C., Newton, K., Cáceres, J.F., Dubus, P., Malumbres, M., Barbacid, M., 2007. Cdk1 is sufficient to drive the mammalian cell cycle. Nature 448, 811–815.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shafer, G., Vovk, V., 2005. Probability and Finance: It’s Only a Game!, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Papanikolaou, A., Soudris, D., Radojcic, R. (Eds.), 2011. Three Dimensional System Integration: IC Stacking Process and Design. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Jain, S., Krishna, S., 2011. Can We Recognize an Innovation? Perspective from an Evolving Network Model, in: Meyer-Ortmanns, H., Thurner, S. (Eds.), Principles of Evolution: From the Planck Epoch to Complex Multicellular Life, The Frontiers Collection. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 145–172.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics and Human Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Scientists have developed a prototype for self-replicating robots [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Students With Disabilities: More Information and Guidance Could Improve Opportunities in Physical Education and Athletics (No. GAO-10-519). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Esmaili, G., 2006. Application of Advanced Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Sources and Hybrid Generating Systems (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2008. A Little Taste Of France. New York Times NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rohn, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Rohn, 2010; Roman and Palumbi, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roman and Palumbi, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Santamaría et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics and Human Biology
AbbreviationEcon. Hum. Biol.
ISSN (print)1570-677X
ScopeHealth(social science)

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