How to format your references using the PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lewin HA. Genetics. It’s a bull’s market. Science. 2009;324: 478–479.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Cress CD, Datta S. Engineering. Nanoscale transistors--just around the gate? Science. 2013;341: 140–141.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Dally JM, Emery NJ, Clayton NS. Food-caching western scrub-jays keep track of who was watching when. Science. 2006;312: 1662–1665.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Blight SK, Larue RC, Mahapatra A, Longstaff DG, Chang E, Zhao G, et al. Direct charging of tRNA(CUA) with pyrrolysine in vitro and in vivo. Nature. 2004;431: 333–335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Daïan J-F. Equilibrium and Transfer in Porous Media 2. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Mozayani A, Noziglia C, editors. The Forensic Laboratory Handbook Procedures and Practice. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dash T, Nayak SK, Behera HS. Hybrid Gravitational Search and Particle Swarm Based Fuzzy MLP for Medical Data Classification. In: Jain LC, Behera HS, Mandal JK, Mohapatra DP, editors. Computational Intelligence in Data Mining - Volume 1: Proceedings of the International Conference on CIDM, 20-21 December 2014. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. pp. 35–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How To Feed a Two-Headed Snake. In: IFLScience. IFLScience; 16 Apr 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Business Modernization: NASA’s Integrated Financial Management Program Does Not Fully Address Agency’s External Reporting Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Nov. Report No.: GAO-04-151.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Allen HT. The Songs of Lori Laitman: An Analysis of Sunflowers and Early Snow. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Stack L, Healy J. They Shared Their Working Hours, and Their Dying Moments. New York Times. 4 Dec 2015: A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
AbbreviationPLoS Negl. Trop. Dis.
ISSN (online)1935-2735
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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