How to format your references using the PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Beyea J. Science and society. The smart electricity grid and scientific research. Science. 2010;328: 979–980.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sanderson WC, Scherbov S. Average remaining lifetimes can increase as human populations age. Nature. 2005;435: 811–813.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Caraveo-Frescas JA, Khan MA, Alshareef HN. Polymer ferroelectric field-effect memory device with SnO channel layer exhibits record hole mobility. Sci Rep. 2014;4: 5243.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Tao J, Liu N, Ma W, Ding L, Li L, Su J, et al. Solid-state high performance flexible supercapacitors based on polypyrrole-MnO2-carbon fiber hybrid structure. Sci Rep. 2013;3: 2286.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Zheng F, Kaiser T. Digital Signal Processing for RFID. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Luck M, Padgham L, editors. Agent-Oriented Software Engineering VIII: 8th International Workshop, AOSE 2007, Honolulu, HI, USA, May 14, 2007, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Brown KA, Simpson ER. Estrogen Biosynthesis. In: Simpson ER, editor. Obesity and Breast Cancer: The Role of Dysregulated Estrogen Metabolism. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. pp. 17–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. This Number Is Illegal To Possess Or Distribute In The USA. In: IFLScience [Internet]. IFLScience; 5 May 2016 [cited 30 Oct 2018]. Available: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/possessing-and-distributing-particular-number-illegal/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Readiness Improving Yet Essential Actions Remain to Ensure Delivery of Critical Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Aug. Report No.: T-AIMD-99-268.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Diddi V. Digitally Controlled Microwave Power Amplifier Design Techniques for Wireless Communications. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. Putin’s Party Wins in Regional Elections Across Russia. New York Times. 13 Oct 2009: A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
AbbreviationPLoS Negl. Trop. Dis.
ISSN (online)1935-2735
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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