How to format your references using the Journal of Contemporary Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Contemporary Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Segal HP. Victor and victim. Nature 2001;412(6850):861.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Han S, Brunet A. Cell biology. Lysosomal lipid lengthens life span. Science 2015;347(6217):32–33.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Swain MR, Vasisht G, Tinetti G. The presence of methane in the atmosphere of an extrasolar planet. Nature 2008;452(7185):329–331.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Sebastian SE, Harrison N, Palm E et al. A multi-component Fermi surface in the vortex state of an underdoped high-Tc superconductor. Nature 2008;454(7201):200–203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Moeller R. IT Audit, Control, and Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Papadias D, Zhang D, Kollios G, eds. Advances in Spatial and Temporal Databases: 10th International Symposium, SSTD 2007, Boston, MA, USA, July 16-18, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gunderman RB. Philosophical Considerations in Educational Assessment. In: Hibbert KM, Chhem RK, Deven T van, Wang S-C, eds. Radiology Education: The Evaluation and Assessment of Clinical Competence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012:49–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Contemporary Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Massive Underwater Avalanche Recorded By Scientists’ “Smart Boulders.” IFLScience 2016. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/massive-underwater-avalanche-recorded-scientists-smart-boulders/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Government Civil Aircraft: Longstanding Management Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gopalappa C. Three essays on analytical models to improve early detection of cancer. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. Thousands In Moscow Rally to Call By Patriarch. New York Times. April 23, 2012:A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Contemporary Medicine
ISSN (online)2146-6009
Scope

Other styles