How to format your references using the Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Johnson TE. Cell biology. Rapid aging rescue? Science. 2013;340:1299–300.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Parker JL, Newstead S. Molecular basis of nitrate uptake by the plant nitrate transporter NRT1.1. Nature. 2014;507:68–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pevzner PA, Kim S, Ng J. Comment on “Protein sequences from mastodon and Tyrannosaurus rex revealed by mass spectrometry.” Science. 2008;321:1040; author reply 1040.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Siveter DJ, Sutton MD, Briggs DEG, Siveter DJ. A Silurian sea spider. Nature. 2004;431:978–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hellesland J, Challamel N, Casandjian C, Lanos C. Reinforced Concrete Beams, Columns and Frames. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Waniek-Klimczak E, Shockey LR, editors. Teaching and Researching English Accents in Native and Non-native Speakers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wilson RF. Coronary Angiography. In: Willerson JT, Holmes DR Jr, editors. Coronary Artery Disease. London: Springer; 2015. p. 69–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Influenza: The Search For A Universal Vaccine. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Difficulties of the Neighborhood Youth Corps In-School Program and Its Management Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Feb. Report No.: B-130515.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yoon J. Jan Radzynski’s Canto (1981): An Introductory View of Its Genre, Style, and Form, with Suggestions for Performance [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Next Stop: An a Cappella Subway Journey. New York Times. 2016 Dec 12;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation
AbbreviationCost Eff. Resour. Alloc.
ISSN (online)1478-7547
ScopeHealth Policy

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