How to format your references using the Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Horvitz HR. Obituary: Stanley J. Korsmeyer (1950-2005). Nature. 2005;435:161.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zeng L, Song R. Controlling chloride ions diffusion in concrete. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3359.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yamaguchi M, Shiga M, Kaburaki H. Grain boundary decohesion by impurity segregation in a nickel-sulfur system. Science. 2005;307:393–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jin R, Cao Y, Mirkin CA, Kelly KL, Schatz GC, Zheng JG. Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms. Science. 2001;294:1901–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Neave EH. Modern Financial Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Friesen N, Henriksson C, Saevi T, editors. Hermeneutic Phenomenology in Education: Method and Practice. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Drummond JJ. Exceptional Love? In: Ubiali M, Wehrle M, editors. Feeling and Value, Willing and Action: Essays in the Context of a Phenomenological Psychology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 51–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. California’s Drought Likely The Worst In 1,200 Years [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/california-s-drought-likely-worst-1200-years/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Airport Finance: Using Airport Grant Funds for Security Projects Has Affected Some Development Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Oct. Report No.: GAO-03-27.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Polk RL. Examining students with disabilities in a linked learning pathway [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. A Miserable Month in the World of Sports. New York Times. 2011 Dec 11;SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation
AbbreviationCost Eff. Resour. Alloc.
ISSN (online)1478-7547
ScopeHealth Policy

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