How to format your references using the Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Malakoff D. PHILANTHROPY: Moore Foundation Targets Science. Science. 2000;290:1481b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yadlapalli S, Yamashita YM. Chromosome-specific nonrandom sister chromatid segregation during stem-cell division. Nature. 2013;498:251–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Harding EJ, Paul ES, Mendl M. Animal behaviour: cognitive bias and affective state. Nature. 2004;427:312.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Petersen JM, Zielinski FU, Pape T, Seifert R, Moraru C, Amann R, et al. Hydrogen is an energy source for hydrothermal vent symbioses. Nature. 2011;476:176–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rounds J, Segner R. Construction Supervision. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Fumagalli E. Service Quality Regulation in Electricity Distribution and Retail. Schiavo LL, Delestre F, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cortez-Castro DH. Vivencias (Lived Experiences) of a Feminist Chicana as Praxis. In: Kitchen J, Tidwell D, Fitzgerald L, editors. Self-Study and Diversity II: Inclusive Teacher Education for a Diverse World. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2016. p. 39–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Starbucks To Trial Recyclable Coffee Cups In The UK [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/starbucks-to-trial-recyclable-coffee-cups-in-the-uk/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Administration of the Science Education Project “Man: A Course of Study”(MACOS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975 Oct. Report No.: MWD-76-26.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Toler RL. Structural Equation Modeling of Advertising Involvement, Consumer Attitude, and Engagement for Video Advertising in a Social Networking Site [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. McKINLEY JC Jr. 3 Are Charged With Selling Ivory Objects Despite Ban. New York Times. 2016 Sep 23;A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation
AbbreviationCost Eff. Resour. Alloc.
ISSN (online)1478-7547
ScopeHealth Policy

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