How to format your references using the International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muddiman, D.C., 2011. Retrospective. John Bennett Fenn (1917-2010). Science 331, 160.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, Y.K., Mazmanian, S.K., 2010. Has the microbiota played a critical role in the evolution of the adaptive immune system? Science 330, 1768–1773.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tseng, C.-H., Gobell, J.L., Sperling, G., 2004. Long-lasting sensitization to a given colour after visual search. Nature 428, 657–660.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Matheny, S.A., Chen, C., Kortum, R.L., Razidlo, G.L., Lewis, R.E., White, M.A., 2004. Ras regulates assembly of mitogenic signalling complexes through the effector protein IMP. Nature 427, 256–260.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramirez, J., 2015. Accounting for Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ganghoffer, J.-F., Pastrone, F. (Eds.), 2009. Mechanics of Microstructured Solids: Cellular Materials, Fibre Reinforced Solids and Soft Tissues, Lecture Notes in Applied and Computational Mechanics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohammadi, A., Akl, S.G., 2007. Number of Processors with Partitioning Strategy and EDF-Schedulability Test: Upper and Lower Bounds with Comparison, in: Stojmenovic, I., Thulasiram, R.K., Yang, L.T., Jia, W., Guo, M., Mello, R.F. de (Eds.), Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications: 5th International Symposium, ISPA 2007 Niagara Falls, Canada, August 29-31, 2007 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 20–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Baobab Trees Trace The African Diaspora Across The Indian Ocean [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. [Response to Request for Views on Application of P.L. 99-177 to Teacher Loan Cancellations] (No. B-221498.20). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cheung, L.C., 2017. Mixture models for left- and interval-censored data and concordance indices for composite survival outcomes (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Peters, M.E., Barend, S., 2017. Why Private Cash Improves Public Works. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Muddiman, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Lee and Mazmanian, 2010; Muddiman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Mazmanian, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Matheny et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife
AbbreviationInt. J. Parasitol. Parasites Wildl.
ISSN (print)2213-2244
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Infectious Diseases

Other styles