How to format your references using the Dysphagia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dysphagia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Shih WM. Materials Science. Exploiting weak interactions in DNA self-assembly. Science. 2015;347:1417–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hellmann H, Estelle M. Plant development: regulation by protein degradation. Science. 2002;297:793–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Alonso S, Sagués F, Mikhailov AS. Taming Winfree turbulence of scroll waves in excitable media. Science. 2003;299:1722–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Friedland AE, Lu TK, Wang X, Shi D, Church G, Collins JJ. Synthetic gene networks that count. Science. 2009;324:1199–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Weverka P. Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 All-in-One for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Brenner DJ, Krieg NR, Staley JT, Garrity GM, editors. Bergey’s Manual® of Systematic Bacteriology: Volume Two: The Proteobacteria, Part A Introductory Essays. Second Edition. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Maul SM. Telling the Future: Reflections on the Status of Divination in Ancient Near Eastern Politics. In: Meusburger P, Gregory D, Suarsana L, editors. Geographies of Knowledge and Power. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 123–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dysphagia.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. New Research Shows How To Trap Cancer By Turning Your Body Against The Tumour [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-research-shows-how-trap-cancer-turning-your-body-against-tumour/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Uncertainties and Challenges Face FAA’s Advanced Automated System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Apr. Report No.: T-RCED-93-30.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Zurheide PK. Hydromorphology of anomalous bright loamy soils on the mid-Atlantic coastal plain [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. (nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Anti-Semitic Violence. New York Times. 2002 May 29;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDysphagia
AbbreviationDysphagia
ISSN (print)0179-051X
ISSN (online)1432-0460
ScopeGastroenterology
Otorhinolaryngology
Speech and Hearing

Other styles