How to format your references using the Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patek SN. Materials science. Biomimetics and evolution. Science 2014;345:1448–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nilsson J, Payne DN. Physics. High-power fiber lasers. Science 2011;332:921–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hwang J, Timusk T, Gu GD. High-transition-temperature superconductivity in the absence of the magnetic-resonance mode. Nature 2004;427:714–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tochio H, Tsui MM, Banfield DK, Zhang M. An autoinhibitory mechanism for nonsyntaxin SNARE proteins revealed by the structure of Ykt6p. Science 2001;293:698–702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cruz MG, Peters GW, Shevchenko PV. Fundamental Aspects of Operational Risk and Insurance Analytics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Guardo E. Arithmetically Cohen-Macaulay Sets of Points in P^1 x P^1. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Thorne C, Griffiths C. Smart, Smarter, Smartest: Redefining Our Cities. In: Dameri RP, Rosenthal-Sabroux C, editors. Smart City: How to Create Public and Economic Value with High Technology in Urban Space, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 89–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. Penta-Graphene Is Latest Structural Arrangement of Carbon. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Student Loans: Default Rates at Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Van Gilder BJ. American students’ communication abroad: Factors promoting and inhibiting interactions with host nationals. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Zahler P, Schaller G. Saving More Than Just Snow Leopards. New York Times 2014:SR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)2314-808X

Other styles