How to format your references using the Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grosjean M. Mid-Holocene climate in the south-central Andes: humid or dry? Science 2001;292:2391.
A journal article with 2 authors
Casali A, Struhl G. Reading the Hedgehog morphogen gradient by measuring the ratio of bound to unbound Patched protein. Nature 2004;431:76–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang L, Zeng X, Wang X. Programmable hydrogenation of graphene for novel nanocages. Sci Rep 2013;3:3162.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Seki K, Elphic RC, Hirahara M, Terasawa T, Mukai T. On atmospheric loss of oxygen ions from earth through magnetospheric processes. Science 2001;291:1939–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steenbarger BN. Trading Psychology 2.0. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Hannaford P, editor. Femtosecond Laser Spectroscopy. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Frade C, Acioly-Régnier N, Jun L. Beyond Deficit Models of Learning Mathematics: Socio-cultural Directions for Change and Research. In: Clements MA (ken), Bishop AJ, Keitel C, Kilpatrick J, Leung FKS, editors. Third International Handbook of Mathematics Education, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 101–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz S. Boxer Crabs Make Their Anemone “Gloves’” Reproduce Asexually. IFLScience 2017. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intellectual Property: Observations on Efforts to Quantify the Economic Effects of Counterfeit and Pirated Goods. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dorin J. Attachment style and perceived stress in college students. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. DC and Marvel, Beware: Valiant Is to Make Films. New York Times 2015:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)2314-808X

Other styles