How to format your references using the Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Polster B. Mathematics: What is the best way to lace your shoes? Nature 2002;420:476.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gin DL, Noble RD. Chemistry. Designing the next generation of chemical separation membranes. Science 2011;332:674–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith J, Theodoris C, Davidson EH. A gene regulatory network subcircuit drives a dynamic pattern of gene expression. Science 2007;318:794–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu X, Yue Y, Li B, Nie Y, Li W, Wu W-H, et al. A G protein-coupled receptor is a plasma membrane receptor for the plant hormone abscisic acid. Science 2007;315:1712–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fant KM. Logically Determined Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Dan A, Gittler F, Toumani F, editors. Service-Oriented Computing. ICSOC/ServiceWave 2009 Workshops: International Workshops, ICSOC/ServiceWave 2009, Stockholm, Sweden, November 23-27, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 6275. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Karimi-Abdolrezaee S, Eftekharpour E. Stem Cells and Spinal Cord Injury Repair. In: Jandial R, Chen MY, editors. Regenerative Biology of the Spine and Spinal Cord, New York, NY: Springer; 2012, p. 53–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Fang J. Monkeys Believe in Winning Streaks Like Us. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Interstate Commerce Commission: Transferring ICC’s Rail Regulatory Responsibilities May Not Achieve Desired Effects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mills CC. Olfaction and Exhibition: Assessing the Impact of Scent in Museums on Exhibit Engagement, Learning and Empathy. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Hitting Delay When News Cuts Too Close. New York Times 2016:AR19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)2314-808X

Other styles