How to format your references using the Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sohi SP. Agriculture. Carbon storage with benefits. Science 2012;338:1034–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Albuschies J, Vogel V. The role of filopodia in the recognition of nanotopographies. Sci Rep 2013;3:1658.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butler MA, Sawyer SA, Losos JB. Sexual dimorphism and adaptive radiation in Anolis lizards. Nature 2007;447:202–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dunn RA, Toomey DR, Detrick RS, Wilcock WS. Continuous mantle melt supply beneath an overlapping spreading center on the East Pacific Rise. Science 2001;291:1955–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans PW. Top Hat. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Berg RH, Taylor CG, editors. Cell Biology of Plant Nematode Parasitism. vol. 15. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Fallon R. Celebgate: Two Methodological Approaches to the 2014 Celebrity Photo Hacks. In: Tiropanis T, Vakali A, Sartori L, Burnap P, editors. Internet Science: Second International Conference, INSCI 2015, Brussels, Belgium, May 27-29, 2015, Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Medicines Would We Pack For A Trip To Mars? IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FCC: Installment Payment Financing for Personal Communications Services Licensees. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eldridge Z. The Empowerment of a Forgotten Population. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski S. With a Crucial Tool Disabled, Financial Aid Applications Get Harder. New York Times 2017:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEgyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)2314-808X

Other styles