How to format your references using the Arabian Journal of Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arabian Journal of Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Katsnelson A (2014) Drug development: The modelling challenge. Nature 508:S8-9
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirzhner T, Koren G (2014) Pairing and the phase diagram of the normal coherence length ξN(T, x) above Tc of La(2-x)Sr(x)CuO4 thin films probed by the Josephson effect. Sci Rep 4:6244
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang J, Mei Y, Hicks D (2014) Science communication. Comment on “Quantifying long-term scientific impact.” Science 345:149
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bayer KU, De Koninck P, Leonard AS, et al (2001) Interaction with the NMDA receptor locks CaMKII in an active conformation. Nature 411:801–805

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walke B, Seidenberg R, Althoff MP (2005) UMTS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Dosch W, Lee RY, Wu C (eds) (2006) Software Engineering Research and Applications: Second International Conference, SERA 2004, Los Angeles, CA, USA, MAY 5-7, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Drakos MC, Allen AA (2007) Nonoperative Treatment Options for Symptomatic Cartilage Lesions. In: Williams RJ (ed) Cartilage Repair Strategies. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 55–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arabian Journal of Geosciences.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Test Can Calculate A Person’s Chances Of Waking From A Coma. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Small Business Administration: Enhancements Needed for Loan Monitoring System Benchmark Study. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheat BR (2015) Effects of intercropping switchgrass in managed pine stands on plant communities and white-tailed deer forage production. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rutenberg J (2016) News Outlets Wonder Where They Stumbled. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Katsnelson 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Katsnelson 2014; Kirzhner and Koren 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirzhner and Koren 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bayer et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleArabian Journal of Geosciences
AbbreviationArab. J. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1866-7511
ISSN (online)1866-7538
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

Other styles