How to format your references using the Arabian Journal of Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arabian Journal of Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wigley TML (2005) The climate change commitment. Science 307:1766–1769
A journal article with 2 authors
Istvan ES, Deisenhofer J (2001) Structural mechanism for statin inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase. Science 292:1160–1164
A journal article with 3 authors
Kilb D, Gomberg J, Bodin P (2000) Triggering of earthquake aftershocks by dynamic stresses. Nature 408:570–574
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ferreira KN, Iverson TM, Maghlaoui K, et al (2004) Architecture of the photosynthetic oxygen-evolving center. Science 303:1831–1838

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Andersson C, Freeman D, James I, et al (2006) Mobile Media and Applications - From Concept to Cash. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Hannun YA, Luberto C, Mao C, Obeid LM (eds) (2015) Bioactive Sphingolipids in Cancer Biology and Therapy, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Lemos JM, Sampaio I (2015) Distributed LQG Control for Multiobjective Control of Water Canals. In: Ocampo-Martinez C, Negenborn RR (eds) Transport of Water versus Transport over Water: Exploring the Dynamic Interplay of Transport and Water. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 59–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arabian Journal of Geosciences.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2015) Scientists Have Genetically Engineered Micropigs To Sell As Pets. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Aviation Security: Flight and Cabin Crew Member Security Training Strengthened, but Better Planning and Internal Controls Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laird T (2008) Risk and protective factors associated with adjudicated versus non -adjudicated youths arrested for substance use. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) American Soccer Is Hitting the Right Notes. New York Times B14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wigley 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Istvan and Deisenhofer 2001; Wigley 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Istvan and Deisenhofer 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ferreira et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleArabian Journal of Geosciences
AbbreviationArab. J. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1866-7511
ISSN (online)1866-7538
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

Other styles