How to format your references using the Arabian Journal of Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arabian Journal of Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knoepfler P (2011) My year as a stem-cell blogger. Nature 475:425
A journal article with 2 authors
Okamoto N, Inouye I (2005) A secondary symbiosis in progress? Science 310:287
A journal article with 3 authors
Enquist BJ, Haskell JP, Tiffney BH (2002) General patterns of taxonomic and biomass partitioning in extant and fossil plant communities. Nature 419:610–613
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang Q, Gao P, Wang X, Duan Y (2014) The early diagnosis and monitoring of squamous cell carcinoma via saliva metabolomics. Sci Rep 4:6802

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Federer WT, King F (2007) Variations on Split Plot and Split Block Experiment Designs: Federer/Variations on Split Plot and Split Block Experiment Designs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Henderson B, Pockley AG (eds) (2012) Cellular Trafficking of Cell Stress Proteins in Health and Disease. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Cocks M (2010) What is Biocultural Diversity? A Theoretical Review. In: Bates DG, Tucker J (eds) Human Ecology: Contemporary Research and Practice. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 67–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arabian Journal of Geosciences.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Life Onboard the ISS May Be Revolutionized By 3D Printing. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Aviation Safety: FAA’s Risk-Based Oversight for Repair Stations Could Benefit from Additional Airline Data and Performance Metrics [Reissued on September 2, 2016]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carver JR (2009) CMO: Chief Marketing Officer or chief “marginalized” officer. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davis JH, Rappeport A, Kelly K, Abrams R (2017) White House’s Tax Plan Puts Business at the Fore. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knoepfler 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Okamoto and Inouye 2005; Knoepfler 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Okamoto and Inouye 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArabian Journal of Geosciences
AbbreviationArab. J. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1866-7511
ISSN (online)1866-7538
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

Other styles