How to format your references using the International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Halliwell, B. (2003). Plasma antioxidants: health benefits of eating chocolate? Nature, 426(6968), 787; discussion 788.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guttman, M., & Rinn, J. L. (2012). Modular regulatory principles of large non-coding RNAs. Nature, 482(7385), 339–346.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dekas, A. E., Poretsky, R. S., & Orphan, V. J. (2009). Deep-sea archaea fix and share nitrogen in methane-consuming microbial consortia. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5951), 422–426.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, J., Xiao, X., Xu, X., Lin, J., Huang, Y., Xue, Y., et al. (2013). Activated boron nitride as an effective adsorbent for metal ions and organic pollutants. Scientific reports, 3, 3208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Church, R. L., & Murray, A. T. (2008). Business Site Selection, Location Analysis and GIS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Newton-Fisher, N. E., Notman, H., Paterson, J. D., & Reynolds, V. (Eds.). (2006). Primates of Western Uganda. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jensen, K. (2011). Pitch Gestures in Generative Modeling of Music. In S. Ystad, M. Aramaki, R. Kronland-Martinet, & K. Jensen (Eds.), Exploring Music Contents: 7th International Symposium, CMMR 2010, Málaga, Spain, June 21-24, 2010. Revised Papers (pp. 51–59). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 24). FBI Admits Using Flawed Scientific Evidence In Trials. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Bus Rapid Transit: Projects Improve Transit Service and Can Contribute to Economic Development (No. GAO-12-811). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sato, O. (2010). The use of statistical metrics as a decision making tool in brief experimental analysis (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. (2017, July 31). Bank Hires Tech Expert to Court Traditional Firms. New York Times, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Halliwell 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Guttman and Rinn 2012; Halliwell 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Guttman and Rinn 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance
AbbreviationInt. J. Educ. Vocat. Guid.
ISSN (print)0251-2513
ISSN (online)1573-1782
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts

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