How to format your references using the International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beaudet, A. L. (2012). Neuroscience. Preventable forms of autism? Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6105), 342–343.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiss, H., & Bradley, R. S. (2001). Archaeology. What drives societal collapse? Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5504), 609–610.
A journal article with 3 authors
Briggman, K. L., Helmstaedter, M., & Denk, W. (2011). Wiring specificity in the direction-selectivity circuit of the retina. Nature, 471(7337), 183–188.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xie, X., Zhou, Y., Bi, H., Yin, K., Wan, S., & Sun, L. (2013). Large-range control of the microstructures and properties of three-dimensional porous graphene. Scientific reports, 3, 2117.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mazze, R. S., Strock, E. S., Bergenstal, R. M., Criego, A., Cuddihy, R., Langer, O., et al. (2011). Staged Diabetes Management. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Plangger, K. (Ed.). (2016). Thriving in a New World Economy: Proceedings of the 2012 World Marketing Congress/Cultural Perspectives in Marketing Conference. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Joseph, M. S., M.a, A., G.a, R., Raju, R., & V.k., J. (2010). Navigation and Position Control of Underwater Vehicle ROSUB 6000. In P. Vadakkepat, J.-H. Kim, N. Jesse, A. A. Mamun, T. K. Kiong, J. Baltes, et al. (Eds.), Trends in Intelligent Robotics: 13th FIRA Robot World Congress, FIRA 2010, Bangalore, India, September 15-17, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 25–32). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, April 25). Scientists Are Recreating Some Of The Most Extreme Events That Have Ever Occurred In The Universe. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Construction of a Computer Facilities Building by the Social Security Administration: Justification and Alternatives (No. HRD-77-8). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramey, J. D. (2013). A Case Study: Achievement Studies of Persistent, Transitional, and Transient Populations within the Blitz Program Model at a Large Midwestern Elementary School (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clinton, B., & Bush, G. W. (2010, January 17). A Helping Hand for Haiti. New York Times, p. WK10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beaudet 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Beaudet 2012; Weiss and Bradley 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weiss and Bradley 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Xie et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance
AbbreviationInt. J. Educ. Vocat. Guid.
ISSN (print)0251-2513
ISSN (online)1573-1782
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts

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