How to format your references using the International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowler, P. J. (2009). Darwin’s Originality. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5911), 223–226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bianco, V., & Franzese, G. (2014). Critical behavior of a water monolayer under hydrophobic confinement. Scientific reports, 4, 4440.
A journal article with 3 authors
Glasauer, S., Langley, S., & Beveridge, T. J. (2002). Intracellular iron minerals in a dissimilatory iron-reducing bacterium. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5552), 117–119.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, H.-D., Yun, M. J., Lee, J. H., Kim, K. H., & Kim, T. G. (2014). Transparent multi-level resistive switching phenomena observed in ITO/RGO/ITO memory cells by the sol-gel dip-coating method. Scientific reports, 4, 4614.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abdul-Rahman, Y. (2014). The Art of RF (Riba-Free) Islamic Banking and Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dragolov, G. (2016). Social Cohesion in the Western World: What Holds Societies Together: Insights from the Social Cohesion Radar. (Z. S. Ignácz, J. Lorenz, J. Delhey, K. Boehnke, & K. Unzicker, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Taxman, F. S., Pattavina, A., Caudy, M. S., Byrne, J., & Durso, J. (2013). The Empirical Basis for the RNR Model with an Updated RNR Conceptual Framework. In F. S. Taxman & A. Pattavina (Eds.), Simulation Strategies to Reduce Recidivism: Risk Need Responsivity (RNR) Modeling for the Criminal Justice System (pp. 73–111). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, December 29). Experimental Immunotherapy Treatment For Brain Cancer Hailed A Success. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). National Weather Service: Budget Events and Continuing Risks of Systems Modernization (No. T-AIMD-98-97). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barrie, D. B. (2010). On the interaction of wind energy with climate and weather (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (1996, March 3). Books in Brief: FICTION. New York Times, p. 718.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowler 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bianco and Franzese 2014; Bowler 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bianco and Franzese 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance
AbbreviationInt. J. Educ. Vocat. Guid.
ISSN (print)0251-2513
ISSN (online)1573-1782
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts

Other styles