How to format your references using the International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ledford, H. (2007). Turning back the clock. Nature, 445(7125), 249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Woodside, M. T., & McEuen, P. L. (2002). Scanned probe imaging of single-electron charge states in nanotube quantum dots. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5570), 1098–1101.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agrawal, T., Schu, P., & Medigeshi, G. R. (2013). Adaptor protein complexes-1 and 3 are involved at distinct stages of flavivirus life-cycle. Scientific reports, 3, 1813.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, J., Ishiguro, K.-I., Nambu, A., Akiyoshi, B., Yokobayashi, S., Kagami, A., et al. (2018). Author Correction: Meikin is a conserved regulator of meiosis-I-specific kinetochore function. Nature, 563(7731), E23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fingerloos, F., Hegger, J., & Zilch, K. (2016). EUROCODE 2 für Deutschland. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Sénac, P., Ott, M., & Seneviratne, A. (Eds.). (2012). Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Computing, Networking, and Services: 7th International ICST Conference, MobiQuitous 2010, Sydeny, Australia, December 6-9, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 73). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Picozza, E. (2016). Public Law and Private Law Issues. In E. Picozza (Ed.), Neurolaw: An Introduction (pp. 119–165). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, July 25). Study Shows Direct Manipulation Of Brain Can Reverse Effects Of Depression. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Information on Materials and Practices for Improving Highway Pavement Performance (No. GAO-13-32R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poudel, S. R. (2017). Models and Algorithms to Solve a Reliable and Congested Biomass Supply Chain Network Designing Problem under Uncertainty (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017, June 10). Testimony By Comey Turns Into Ratings Gold. New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ledford 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ledford 2007; Woodside and McEuen 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Woodside and McEuen 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance
AbbreviationInt. J. Educ. Vocat. Guid.
ISSN (print)0251-2513
ISSN (online)1573-1782
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts

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