How to format your references using the International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crickmore, M. A. (2009). GE Prize essay. The molecular basis of size differences. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5958), 1360–1361.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, R. J., & Martinez, N. D. (2000). Simple rules yield complex food webs. Nature, 404(6774), 180–183.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCormick, D. A., Shu, Y., & Yu, Y. (2007). Neurophysiology: Hodgkin and Huxley model--still standing? Nature, 445(7123), E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hou, J. G., Jinlong, Y., Haiqian, W., Qunxiang, L., Changgan, Z., Lanfeng, Y., et al. (2001). Topology of two-dimensional C60 domains. Nature, 409(6818), 304–305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collins, D. (2008). Magic in the Ancient Greek World. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Dufour, J.-P. (2005). Poisson Structures and Their Normal Forms. (N. T. Zung, H. Bass, J. Oesterlé, & A. Weinstein, Eds.) (Vol. 242). Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Yi, H., Piao, Y., & Yi, J. H. (2014). Touch Logger Resistant Mobile Authentication Scheme Using Multimodal Sensors. In H. Y. Jeong, M. S. Obaidat, N. Y. Yen, & J. J. (jong H. Park (Eds.), Advances in Computer Science and its Applications: CSA 2013 (pp. 19–26). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, June 2). Gay Vultures Successfully Hatch An Egg In Amsterdam. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Federal Communications Commission: Competitive Bidding Procedures (No. OGC-98-26). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maas, C. C. (2014). Emergency department utilization patterns in patients with diabetes (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2007, December 2). Savoir Fair. New York Times, p. 6150.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crickmore 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Crickmore 2009; Williams and Martinez 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams and Martinez 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hou et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance
AbbreviationInt. J. Educ. Vocat. Guid.
ISSN (print)0251-2513
ISSN (online)1573-1782
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts

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