How to format your references using the International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heinrich, C. A. (2006). Geochemistry. How fast does gold trickle out of volcanoes? Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5797), 263–264.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huber, C., & Wächtershäuser, G. (2006). alpha-Hydroxy and alpha-amino acids under possible Hadean, volcanic origin-of-life conditions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5799), 630–632.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoskinson, E., Packard, R. E., & Haard, T. M. (2005). Oscillatory motion: quantum whistling in superfluid helium-4. Nature, 433(7024), 376.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Middey, S., Rivero, P., Meyers, D., Kareev, M., Liu, X., Cao, Y., et al. (2014). Polarity compensation in ultra-thin films of complex oxides: the case of a perovskite nickelate. Scientific reports, 4, 6819.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezg, N., Dellagi, S., & Khatab, A. (2014). Joint Optimization of Maintenance and Production Policies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kassinos, S. C., Langer, C. A., Iaccarino, G., & Moin, P. (Eds.). (2007). Complex Effects in Large Eddy Simulations (Vol. 56). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, R. S., & Diamond, D. A. (2009). Perinatal Urology. In E. Avner, W. Harmon, P. Niaudet, & N. Yoshikawa (Eds.), Pediatric Nephrology: Sixth Completely Revised, Updated and Enlarged Edition (pp. 95–106). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 4). Celebrate 50 Years Of Humans Walking In Space With NASA. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Small Businesses Are More Active as Inventors Than as Innovators in the Innovation Process (No. PAD-82-19). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jakubowski, J. K. (2013). Making character education a reality: An investigation of secondary teachers’ perspectives toward implementation (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, March 25). Columbia Roils Neighbors Again, Now Over an Elementary School. New York Times, p. 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heinrich 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Heinrich 2006; Huber and Wächtershäuser 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huber and Wächtershäuser 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Middey et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance
AbbreviationInt. J. Educ. Vocat. Guid.
ISSN (print)0251-2513
ISSN (online)1573-1782
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts

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