How to format your references using the Community Mental Health Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Community Mental Health Journal (Community Ment Health J). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hernandez, E. R. (2000). No room on the carousel for meeting of like minds. Nature, 407(6802), 285.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keightley, P. D., & Otto, S. P. (2006). Interference among deleterious mutations favours sex and recombination in finite populations. Nature, 443(7107), 89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hauser, M. D., Chomsky, N., & Fitch, W. T. (2002). The faculty of language: what is it, who has it, and how did it evolve? Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5598), 1569–1579.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mall, A., Sobotta, J., Huber, C., Tschirner, C., Kowarschik, S., Bačnik, K., et al. (2018). Reversibility of citrate synthase allows autotrophic growth of a thermophilic bacterium. Science (New York, N.Y.), 359(6375), 563–567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eichhorn, M. P. (2016). Natural Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Beveridge, A., Griggs, J. R., Hogben, L., Musiker, G., & Tetali, P. (Eds.). (2016). Recent Trends in Combinatorics (Vol. 159). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cohen, J. A., & Rae-Grant, A. (2010). Disease-modifying therapy. In A. Rae-Grant (Ed.), Handbook of Multiple Sclerosis (pp. 29–42). Tarporley: Springer Healthcare Ltd.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Community Mental Health Journal.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 12). Designer Brain Receptors May Stop Recovering Cocaine Addicts From Relapsing. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Digital Service Programs: Assessing Results and Coordinating with Chief Information Officers Can Improve Delivery of Federal Projects (No. GAO-16-602). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzales, R. A. (2010). Health care team effectiveness: The relationship between team task interdependence and group emotional competence (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schuman, M. (2017, August 22). A Heartland’s Flickering Pulse. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kagan 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Geach 2015; Russell 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Keightley and Otto 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunity Mental Health Journal
AbbreviationCommunity Ment. Health J.
ISSN (print)0010-3853
ISSN (online)1573-2789
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles