How to format your references using the Community Mental Health Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Community Mental Health Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gosden, C. (2010). Archaeology. When humans arrived in the New Guinea Highlands. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6000), 41–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hilf, R. J. C., & Dutzler, R. (2009). Structure of a potentially open state of a proton-activated pentameric ligand-gated ion channel. Nature, 457(7225), 115–118.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gruber, N., Keeling, C. D., & Bates, N. R. (2002). Interannual variability in the North Atlantic Ocean carbon sink. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5602), 2374–2378.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dong, L., Agarwal, A. K., Beebe, D. J., & Jiang, H. (2006). Adaptive liquid microlenses activated by stimuli-responsive hydrogels. Nature, 442(7102), 551–554.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shuttleworth, W. J. (2012). Terrestrial Hydrometeorology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mikhailov, R. (2009). Lower Central and Dimension Series of Groups. (I. B. S. Passi, Ed.) (Vol. 1952). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dissanayake, C. B., & Chandrajith, R. (2009). Medical Geology of Fluoride. In R. Chandrajith (Ed.), Introduction to Medical Geology (pp. 59–97). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Community Mental Health Journal.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, March 16). World’s First Lab-Grown Chicken Has Been Tasted And Apparently It’s Delicious. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). FDA’s Activities Involving Sanitary Conditions at Food Shortage Warehouses (No. 095804). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, C. (2010). A psychoeducational support group for Vietnamese American family caregivers of stroke survivors: Grant writing thesis proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2011, October 13). Along the Heated Trail of the Man Who Created Muslim Superheroes. New York Times, p. C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gosden 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gosden 2010; Hilf and Dutzler 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hilf and Dutzler 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Dong et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunity Mental Health Journal
AbbreviationCommunity Ment. Health J.
ISSN (print)0010-3853
ISSN (online)1573-2789
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

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