How to format your references using the Community Mental Health Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Community Mental Health Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Angell, C. A. (2008). Insights into phases of liquid water from study of its unusual glass-forming properties. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5863), 582–587.
A journal article with 2 authors
Law, J. A., & Jacobsen, S. E. (2009). Molecular biology. Dynamic DNA methylation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5921), 1568–1569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schoffelen, J.-M., Oostenveld, R., & Fries, P. (2005). Neuronal coherence as a mechanism of effective corticospinal interaction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5718), 111–113.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ranta, E., Lundberg, P., Kaitala, V., & Stenseth, N. C. (2002). Ecology. On the crest of a population wave. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5595), 973–974.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stevenson, O. (2008). Neglected Children and Their Families. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Benson, C., & Lunt, J. (Eds.). (2011). International Handbook of Primary Technology Education: Reviewing the Past Twenty Years (Vol. 7). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Qu, K., & Brooijmans, N. (2007). Structure-Based Drug Design. In Y. Xu, D. Xu, & J. Liang (Eds.), Computational Methods for Protein Structure Prediction and Modeling: Volume 2: Structure Prediction (pp. 135–176). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Community Mental Health Journal.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, January 18). You Can Now Search Through 12 Million Pages Of Declassified CIA Files Online. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). GAO Reports Concerning Federal Student Financial Aid Programs (No. 117445). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher, J. D. (2015). A profile of the chief student affairs officers of the California State University system (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, R. P., & Moschella, M. (2011, October 19). Does Sex Ed Undermine Parental Rights? New York Times, p. A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Angell 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Angell 2008; Law and Jacobsen 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Law and Jacobsen 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Ranta et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunity Mental Health Journal
AbbreviationCommunity Ment. Health J.
ISSN (print)0010-3853
ISSN (online)1573-2789
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles