How to format your references using the Community Mental Health Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Community Mental Health Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Assad, J. A. (2014). Neuroscience: Updating views of visual updating. Nature, 507(7493), 434–435.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chouard, T., & Venema, L. (2015). Machine intelligence. Nature, 521(7553), 435.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, Z. M., Delgutte, B., & Oxenham, A. J. (2002). Chimaeric sounds reveal dichotomies in auditory perception. Nature, 416(6876), 87–90.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mukherjee, S., Joarder, B., Manna, B., Desai, A. V., Chaudhari, A. K., & Ghosh, S. K. (2014). Framework-flexibility driven selective sorption of p-xylene over other isomers by a dynamic metal-organic framework. Scientific reports, 4, 5761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zauderer, E. (2006). Partial Differential Equations of Applied Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Enns, R. H. (2007). Computer Algebra Recipes: An Advanced Guide to Scientific Modeling. (G. C. McGuire, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Balen, A. (2008). Polycystic Ovary Versus Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. In A. Dunaif, R. J. Chang, S. Franks, & R. S. Legro (Eds.), Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Current Controversies, From The Ovary To The Pancreas (pp. 37–49). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Community Mental Health Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, August 1). New NASA Mission Will Visit An Asteroid That Has A Slim Chance Of Hitting Earth. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Information Security: Progress Made, but Federal Aviation Administration Needs to Improve Controls over Air Traffic Control Systems (No. GAO-05-712). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mc Adams, A. N. (2012). School psychologists’ perceptions of procedural fidelity in special education (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, February 25). A West Side Stepchild Seeks Respect for Its Roots. New York Times, p. 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Assad 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Assad 2014; Chouard and Venema 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chouard and Venema 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Mukherjee et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCommunity Mental Health Journal
AbbreviationCommunity Ment. Health J.
ISSN (print)0010-3853
ISSN (online)1573-2789
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health(social science)

Other styles