How to format your references using the Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Henderson, D. A. (2011). Frank Fenner (1914-2010). Nature, 469(7328), 35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ma, Y., & Lin, C. (2013). Microbial oxidation of Fe2+ and pyrite exposed to flux of micromolar H₂O₂ in acidic media. Scientific Reports, 3, 1979.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trautt, Z. T., Upmanyu, M., & Karma, A. (2006). Interface mobility from interface random walk. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5799), 632–635.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bailes, M., Bates, S. D., Bhalerao, V., Bhat, N. D. R., Burgay, M., Burke-Spolaor, S., et al. (2011). Transformation of a star into a planet in a millisecond pulsar binary. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6050), 1717–1720.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meier, H. B., Marthinsen, J. E., & Gantenbein, P. A. (2012). Swiss Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hall, G. B., & Leahy, M. G. (Eds.). (2008). Open Source Approaches in Spatial Data Handling (Vol. 2). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rebohle, L., & Skorupa, W. (2010). Electroluminescence Efficiency. In W. Skorupa (Ed.), Rare-Earth Implanted MOS Devices for Silicon Photonics: Microstructural, Electrical and Optoelectronic Properties (pp. 85–116). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015, April 16). 10 Things You Didn’t Know About Black Holes. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Aviation and the Environment: Results From a Survey of the Nation’s 50 Busiest Commercial Service Airports (No. RCED-00-222). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chatterjee, K. (2012). A probabilistic mechanistic approach for assessing the rupture frequency of small modular reactor steam generator tubes using uncertain inputs from in-service inspections (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A. (2014, January 9). A Play Is Set in a Hospital, in Two Ways. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Henderson, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Henderson, 2011; Ma & Lin, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ma & Lin, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Bailes et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
AbbreviationJ. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.
ISSN (online)1942-2466
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Environmental Chemistry
Global and Planetary Change

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