How to format your references using the Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnson, M. (2002). Spintronics: spin accumulation in mesoscopic systems. Nature, 416(6883), 809–10; discussion 810.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sarewitz, D., & Nelson, R. (2008). Three rules for technological fixes. Nature, 456(7224), 871–872.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bick, A. G., Calvo, S. E., & Mootha, V. K. (2012). Evolutionary diversity of the mitochondrial calcium uniporter. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6083), 886.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ling, L., Jiafeng, J., Jiangang, L., Minchong, S., Xin, H., Hanliang, S., & Yuanhua, D. (2014). Effects of cold plasma treatment on seed germination and seedling growth of soybean. Scientific Reports, 4, 5859.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Breitmaier, E. (2005). Vom NMR-Spektrum zur Strukturformel organischer Verbindungen. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hamilton, K. L., & Devor, D. C. (Eds.). (2016). Ion Channels and Transporters of Epithelia in Health and Disease. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Prasad, G. A., & Wang, K. K. (2006). Endoscopic Therapy for Early Esophageal Cancer and Premalignant Lesions in Barrett’s Esophagus. In D. O. Faigel & M. L. Kochman (Eds.), Endoscopic Oncology: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and Cancer Management (pp. 43–51). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, March 2). For The First Time We Have Measured The Temperature Fluctuations Around A Black Hole. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Telecommunications: Data Gathering Weaknesses In FCC’s Survey Of Information on Factors Underlying Cable Rate Changes (No. GAO-03-742T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olszewski, R. M. (2012). Donor Motivations for Donating to a Nonprofit Without a Previous Relationship (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2016, September 1). French Group Suspends Three Players for Unprofessional Behavior. New York Times, p. B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Johnson, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson, 2002; Sarewitz & Nelson, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sarewitz & Nelson, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Ling et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
AbbreviationJ. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.
ISSN (online)1942-2466
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Environmental Chemistry
Global and Planetary Change

Other styles