How to format your references using the International Information and Library Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Information and Library Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ross, G. (2006). Obituary: Richard Dalitz (1925-2006). Nature, 440(7081), 162.
A journal article with 2 authors
Diamond, A., & Lee, K. (2011). Interventions shown to aid executive function development in children 4 to 12 years old. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6045), 959–964.
A journal article with 3 authors
Silbergeld, E., Lerman, S., & Hushka, L. (2004). Ethics. Human health research ethics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5686), 949.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Beja-Pereira, A., England, P. R., Ferrand, N., Jordan, S., Bakhiet, A. O., Abdalla, M. A., Mashkour, M., Jordana, J., Taberlet, P., & Luikart, G. (2004). African origins of the domestic donkey. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5678), 1781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ehrlich, E., & Fanelli, D. (2012). The Financial Services Marketing Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Luo, A. C. J., & Afraimovich, V. (Eds.). (2010). Hamiltonian Chaos Beyond the KAM Theory: Dedicated to George M. Zaslavsky (1935–2008) (Vol. 0). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bolatkale, M., Breems, L. J., & Makinwa, K. A. A. (2014). A 2 GHz Continuous-Time ΔΣ ADC with Dynamic Error Correction. In L. J. Breems & K. A. A. Makinwa (Eds.), High Speed and Wide Bandwidth Delta-Sigma ADCs (pp. 95–116). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Information and Library Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 11). Meet the World’s Grumpiest Frog. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Higher Education: Selected Information on Student Financial Aid Received by Legal Immigrants (HEHS-96-7). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, L. (2017). The Relationship between Mock Jurors’ Locus of Control, Belief in a Just World, and an NGRI Verdict [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood, C. (2016, November 15). Ah, Love, as Complicated as a Russian Novel. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ross, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Diamond & Lee, 2011; Ross, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Diamond & Lee, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Silbergeld et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Beja-Pereira et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Information and Library Review
ISSN (print)1057-2317
ScopeLibrary and Information Sciences

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