How to format your references using the International Information and Library Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Information and Library Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ebert, D. (2011). Genomics. A genome for the environment. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6017), 539–540.
A journal article with 2 authors
Latch, D. E., & McNeill, K. (2006). Microheterogeneity of singlet oxygen distributions in irradiated humic acid solutions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5768), 1743–1747.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wagner, P. J., Kosnik, M. A., & Lidgard, S. (2006). Abundance distributions imply elevated complexity of post-Paleozoic marine ecosystems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5803), 1289–1292.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mirebeau, I., Goncharenko, I. N., Cadavez-Peres, P., Bramwell, S. T., Gingras, M. J. P., & Gardner, J. S. (2002). Pressure-induced crystallization of a spin liquid. Nature, 420(6911), 54–57.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bauldry, W. C. (2009). Introduction to Real Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
MacFarland, T. W. (2016). Introduction to Nonparametric Statistics for the Biological Sciences Using R (J. M. Yates, Ed.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Heimrich, T., Reichelt, K., Rusch, H., Sattler, K.-U., & Schröder, T. (2005). Modelling and Streaming Spatiotemporal Audio Data. In R. Meersman, Z. Tari, & P. Herrero (Eds.), On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2005: OTM 2005 Workshops: OTM Confederated Internationl Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, GADA, MIOS+INTEROP, ORM, PhDS, SeBGIS, SWWS, and WOSE 2005, Agia Napa, Cyprus, October 31 - November 4, 2005. Proceedings (pp. 7–8). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Information and Library Review.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, June 2). Coral Reefs Generate $36 Billion In Tourism, So We Should Take Better Care Of Them. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Development Schedule Should Be Changed to Reduce Risks (NSIAD-00-74). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Odom, S. A. (2017). Electronic health records: Overcoming obstacles to improve acceptance and utilization for mental health clinicians [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2016, November 21). Exxon’s Unlikely Enemy. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ebert, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ebert, 2011; Latch & McNeill, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Latch & McNeill, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Wagner et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mirebeau et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Information and Library Review
ISSN (print)1057-2317
ScopeLibrary and Information Sciences

Other styles