How to format your references using the International Information and Library Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Information and Library Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Krablin, R. (2015). A risk worth taking. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6250), 894.
A journal article with 2 authors
Przyborski, J., & Lanzer, M. (2004). Parasitology. The malarial secretome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5703), 1897–1898.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hempson, G. P., Archibald, S., & Bond, W. J. (2015). A continent-wide assessment of the form and intensity of large mammal herbivory in Africa. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6264), 1056–1061.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Andersen, J. T., Gonzalez-Pajuelo, M., Foss, S., Landsverk, O. J. B., Pinto, D., Szyroki, A., de Haard, H. J., Saunders, M., Vanlandschoot, P., & Sandlie, I. (2013). Selection of nanobodies that target human neonatal Fc receptor. Scientific Reports, 3, 1118.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins, B. R. (2009). Starting and Managing a Nonprofit Organization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pieprzyk, J., Sadeghi, A.-R., & Manulis, M. (Eds.). (2012). Cryptology and Network Security: 11th International Conference, CANS 2012, Darmstadt, Germany, December 12-14, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 7712). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hansen, M. R., & Kristensen, J. T. (2008). Experiences with Functional Programming in an Introductory Curriculum. In J. Bennedsen, M. E. Caspersen, & M. Kölling (Eds.), Reflections on the Teaching of Programming: Methods and Implementations (pp. 30–46). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Information and Library Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 4). Watching Fish Is Good For Your Health. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Mass Transit: FTA Could Relieve New Starts Program Funding Constraints (GAO-01-987). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aloe-Chase, S. T. (2008). Family member perspectives on collaboration: An exploratory study [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2016, October 6). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Krablin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Krablin, 2015; Przyborski & Lanzer, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Przyborski & Lanzer, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Hempson et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Andersen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Information and Library Review
ISSN (print)1057-2317
ScopeLibrary and Information Sciences

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