How to format your references using the International Information and Library Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Information and Library Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain, S. (2015). A potted history. Nature, 525(7570), S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yuan, Q., & Zhao, Y.-P. (2013). Wetting on flexible hydrophilic pillar-arrays. Scientific Reports, 3, 1944.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ho, V. M., Lee, J.-A., & Martin, K. C. (2011). The cell biology of synaptic plasticity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6056), 623–628.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tanaka, H., Kato, K., Yamashita, E., Sumizawa, T., Zhou, Y., Yao, M., Iwasaki, K., Yoshimura, M., & Tsukihara, T. (2009). The structure of rat liver vault at 3.5 angstrom resolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5912), 384–388.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lyatkher, V. M., & Proudovsky, A. M. (2016). Hydraulic Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jazar, R. N., & Dai, L. (Eds.). (2014). Nonlinear Approaches in Engineering Applications 2. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Saccomandi, G. (2007). Finite Amplitude Waves in Nonlinear Elastodynamics and Related Theories: A Personal Overview? In M. Destrade & G. Saccomandi (Eds.), Waves in Nonlinear Pre-Stressed Materials (pp. 129–179). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Information and Library Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 29). Becoming A Father Can “Rewire” A Man’s Brain. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). School Bullying: Extent of Legal Protections for Vulnerable Groups Needs to Be More Fully Assessed (GAO-12-349). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, E. C. (2012). Smart Packaging: A Novel Technique For Localized Drug Delivery For Ovarian Cancer [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2010, October 30). Detroit Reins In an Annual Halloween Revelry. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pain, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Pain, 2015; Yuan & Zhao, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yuan & Zhao, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Ho et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tanaka et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Information and Library Review
ISSN (print)1057-2317
ScopeLibrary and Information Sciences

Other styles