How to format your references using the International Information and Library Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Information and Library Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silver, L. M. (2001). What are clones? Nature, 412(6842), 21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abel, G. J., & Sander, N. (2014). Quantifying global international migration flows. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6178), 1520–1522.
A journal article with 3 authors
McPhaden, M. J., Zebiak, S. E., & Glantz, M. H. (2006). ENSO as an integrating concept in earth science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5806), 1740–1745.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ernstorfer, R., Harb, M., Hebeisen, C. T., Sciaini, G., Dartigalongue, T., & Miller, R. J. D. (2009). The formation of warm dense matter: experimental evidence for electronic bond hardening in gold. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5917), 1033–1037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harrison, R. G. (2014). Meteorological Measurements and Instrumentation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Marcomini, A., Suter, G. W., II, & Critto, A. (Eds.). (2009). Decision Support Systems for Risk-Based Management of Contaminated Sites. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Prasath, R. A., Poyyamoli, G., Boruah, D., Nandhivarman, M., & Edwin, G. A. (2015). The Role of Higher Educational Institutions and Other Training Organizations to Promote Renewable Energy in India. In W. Leal Filho, N. Muthu, G. Edwin, & M. Sima (Eds.), Implementing Campus Greening Initiatives: Approaches, Methods and Perspectives (pp. 37–52). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Information and Library Review.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, January 23). American Farmers May Be Directly Feeding Cows Skittles In Odd Conspiracy. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Transportation Research: The Department of Transportation Has Made Progress in Coordinating and Reviewing Its Research Activities (GAO-09-361T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mahan, C. P. (2010). First to the finish line: A case study of first generation baccalaureate degree completers in the University of Maryland Student Support Services program [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2008, May 31). Investors in Russian Gas Venture Clash. New York Times, C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Silver, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Abel & Sander, 2014; Silver, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abel & Sander, 2014)
  • Three authors: (McPhaden et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ernstorfer et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Information and Library Review
ISSN (print)1057-2317
ScopeLibrary and Information Sciences

Other styles