How to format your references using the International Information and Library Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Information and Library Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Woof, J. M. (2005). Immunology. Tipping the scales toward more effective antibodies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5753), 1442–1443.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ding, L., & Morrison, S. J. (2013). Haematopoietic stem cells and early lymphoid progenitors occupy distinct bone marrow niches. Nature, 495(7440), 231–235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takeuchi, Y., Yoshizaki, G., & Takeuchi, T. (2004). Biotechnology: surrogate broodstock produces salmonids. Nature, 430(7000), 629–630.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Young, L., Kanter, E. P., Krässig, B., Li, Y., March, A. M., Pratt, S. T., … Messerschmidt, M. (2010). Femtosecond electronic response of atoms to ultra-intense X-rays. Nature, 466(7302), 56–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King, J. A., & Timacheff, S. (2008). Digital Photography for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Korbicz, J., & Kowal, M. (Eds.). (2014). Intelligent Systems in Technical and Medical Diagnostics (Vol. 230). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tehranipoor, M., Guin, U., & Forte, D. (2015). Physical Tests for Counterfeit Detection. In U. Guin & D. Forte (Eds.), Counterfeit Integrated Circuits: Detection and Avoidance (pp. 75–93). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Information and Library Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 8). Blocking “Pro-Aging” Molecule Could Reverse Memory Loss. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes (No. AIMD-99-71R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griffith, A. (2017). The Curious Case of Implementation: Enactment of the California Community College Student Equity Initiative (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, May 29). Mets’ Pitching Coach Offers Wisdom and Wit. New York Times, p. D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Woof, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ding & Morrison, 2013; Woof, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ding & Morrison, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Takeuchi, Yoshizaki, & Takeuchi, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Young et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Information and Library Review
ISSN (print)1057-2317
ScopeLibrary and Information Sciences

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