How to format your references using the International Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Charron, D. J. (2009). Obituary: Jean Dausset (1916-2009). Nature, 460(7253), 338.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stott, P. A., & Kettleborough, J. A. (2002). Origins and estimates of uncertainty in predictions of twenty-first century temperature rise. Nature, 416(6882), 723–726.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmith, T., Johansen, S., & Thejll, P. (2007). Comment on “A semi-empirical approach to projecting future sea-level rise.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5846), 1866; author reply 1866.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ishii, M., Egen, J. G., Klauschen, F., Meier-Schellersheim, M., Saeki, Y., Vacher, J., Proia, R. L., & Germain, R. N. (2009). Sphingosine-1-phosphate mobilizes osteoclast precursors and regulates bone homeostasis. Nature, 458(7237), 524–528.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Broekaert, J. A. C. (2005). Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Giesy, J. P., & Solomon, K. R. (Eds.). (2014). Ecological Risk Assessment for Chlorpyrifos in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems in the United States (Vol. 231). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ellinger, A. D., Hamlin, R. G., Beattie, R. S., Wang, Y.-L., & McVicar, O. (2011). Managerial Coaching as a Workplace Learning Strategy. In R. F. Poell & M. van Woerkom (Eds.), Supporting Workplace Learning: Towards Evidence-based Practice (pp. 71–87). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Economic Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 3). New Device Helps Facilitate Communication Between Humans and Dogs. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Positive Train Control: Additional Authorities Could Benefit Implementation (GAO-13-720). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klippel, S. A. (2005). The Celtic siren: A case study of William Sharp’s seduction experience in which the numinous other is understood and interpreted [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith, M. (2014, December 29). A Kansas Town Rallies for a Modest Lifeline: A Local Grocery Store. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Charron, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Charron, 2009; Stott & Kettleborough, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stott & Kettleborough, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Schmith et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ishii et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Economic Journal
AbbreviationInt. Econ. J.
ISSN (print)1016-8737
ISSN (online)1743-517X
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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