How to format your references using the International Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carrero-Martínez, F. A. (2011). Education. Rethink summer student research. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6054), 313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boughn, S., & Crittenden, R. (2004). A correlation between the cosmic microwave background and large-scale structure in the Universe. Nature, 427(6969), 45–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Panda, S., Hogenesch, J. B., & Kay, S. A. (2002). Circadian rhythms from flies to human. Nature, 417(6886), 329–335.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wittmann, C. W., Wszolek, M. F., Shulman, J. M., Salvaterra, P. M., Lewis, J., Hutton, M., & Feany, M. B. (2001). Tauopathy in Drosophila: neurodegeneration without neurofibrillary tangles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5530), 711–714.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brook, M. V. (2011). Ultrasonic Inspection Technology Development and Search Unit Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Varma, A., Kost, G., & Oelmüller, R. (Eds.). (2013). Piriformospora indica: Sebacinales and Their Biotechnological Applications (Vol. 33). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, W., Fu, Z.-J., & Chen, C. S. (2014). Boundary-Type RBF Collocation Methods. In Z.-J. Fu & C. S. Chen (Eds.), Recent Advances in Radial Basis Function Collocation Methods (pp. 51–87). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Economic Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, July 15). Woman Gives Birth After Having Frozen Ovarian Tissue Re-Implanted In UK First. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Women in STEM Research: Better Data and Information Sharing Could Improve Oversight of Federal Grant-making and Title IX Compliance (GAO-16-14). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reese, S. R. (2012). Transitioning to the oboe: Methods and resources to assist in switching to the oboe from other woodwind instruments [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017, June 12). After 5 Months of Work, U.S. Makes (and Earns) a Vital Point. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carrero-Martínez, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Boughn & Crittenden, 2004; Carrero-Martínez, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boughn & Crittenden, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Panda et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wittmann et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Economic Journal
AbbreviationInt. Econ. J.
ISSN (print)1016-8737
ISSN (online)1743-517X
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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