How to format your references using the International Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meier, R. P. (2000). Diminishing diversity of signed languages. Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5473), 1965b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levison, H. F., & Morbidelli, A. (2003). The formation of the Kuiper belt by the outward transport of bodies during Neptune’s migration. Nature, 426(6965), 419–421.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shenvi, N., Roy, S., & Tully, J. C. (2009). Dynamical steering and electronic excitation in NO scattering from a gold surface. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5954), 829–832.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Murphy, J. M., Sexton, D. M. H., Barnett, D. N., Jones, G. S., Webb, M. J., Collins, M., & Stainforth, D. A. (2004). Quantification of modelling uncertainties in a large ensemble of climate change simulations. Nature, 430(7001), 768–772.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, M., & Cutler, T. J. (2012). Haematology Nursing. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Blokhina, E., El Aroudi, A., Alarcon, E., & Galayko, D. (Eds.). (2016). Nonlinearity in Energy Harvesting Systems: Micro- and Nanoscale Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Zimberg, S. E. (2014). Laparoscopic Total and Supracervical Hysterectomy. In P. F. Escobar & T. Falcone (Eds.), Atlas of Single-Port, Laparoscopic, and Robotic Surgery: A Practical Approach in Gynecology (pp. 43–58). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Economic Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017, March 12). Kayakers Picked Up By Whale. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Space Acquisitions: GAO Assessment of DOD Responsive Launch Report (No. GAO-16-156R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, M. (2009). Perception of Latino students by teachers and counselors in the educational system (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, July 11). Celebrating South Africa and a Job Done Well. New York Times, p. SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meier, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Levison & Morbidelli, 2003; Meier, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levison & Morbidelli, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Shenvi, Roy, & Tully, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Murphy et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Economic Journal
AbbreviationInt. Econ. J.
ISSN (print)1016-8737
ISSN (online)1743-517X
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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