How to format your references using the International Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang, T. (2015). ARTIFICIAL PHOTOSYNTHESIS. More efficient together. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6262), 738–739.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pokrovski, G. S., & Dubrovinsky, L. S. (2011). The S3- ion is stable in geological fluids at elevated temperatures and pressures. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6020), 1052–1054.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moon-van der Staay, S. Y., De Wachter, R., & Vaulot, D. (2001). Oceanic 18S rDNA sequences from picoplankton reveal unsuspected eukaryotic diversity. Nature, 409(6820), 607–610.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, M. J., Yokomizo, T., Zeigler, B. M., Dzierzak, E., & Speck, N. A. (2009). Runx1 is required for the endothelial to haematopoietic cell transition but not thereafter. Nature, 457(7231), 887–891.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sokhanvar, S., Dargahi, J., Najarian, S., & Arbatani, S. (2012). Tactile Sensing and Displays. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Thomas, Y. F., & Price, L. N. (Eds.). (2016). Drug Use Trajectories Among Minority Youth. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Gisonni, C., & Hager, W. H. (2012). Moto uniforme. In W. H. Hager (Ed.), Idraulica dei sistemi fognari: Dalla teoria alla pratica (pp. 99–147). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Economic Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 17). Fire Rainbows And How They Form. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Strategies to Improve Communication Between Program and Financial Managers (No. 156238). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Downey, S. S. (2009). Resilient networks and and the historical ecology of Q’eqchi’ Maya swidden agriculture [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006, November 30). Justices’ First Brush With Global Warming. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhang, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Pokrovski & Dubrovinsky, 2011; Zhang, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pokrovski & Dubrovinsky, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Moon-van der Staay et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Economic Journal
AbbreviationInt. Econ. J.
ISSN (print)1016-8737
ISSN (online)1743-517X
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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