How to format your references using the International Economic Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Economic Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles, J. (2001). Think like a bee. Nature, 410(6828), 510–512.
A journal article with 2 authors
Read, S. M., & Bacic, T. (2002). Plant biology. Prime time for cellulose. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5552), 59–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dawkins, M. S., Donnelly, C. A., & Jones, T. A. (2004). Chicken welfare is influenced more by housing conditions than by stocking density. Nature, 427(6972), 342–344.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Segarra, M., Aburto, M. R., Cop, F., Llaó-Cid, C., Härtl, R., Damm, M., … Acker-Palmer, A. (2018). Endothelial Dab1 signaling orchestrates neuro-glia-vessel communication in the central nervous system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6404).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips, J. J., Brantley, W., & Phillips, P. P. (2011). Project Management ROI. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Elleithy, K., Sobh, T., Mahmood, A., Iskander, M., & Karim, M. (Eds.). (2006). Advances in Computer, Information, and Systems Sciences, and Engineering: Proceedings of IETA 2005, TeNe 2005, EIAE 2005. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Velde, B., & Barré, P. (2010). Clay Minerals in Soils: The Interface Between Plants and the Mineral World. In P. Barré (Ed.), Soils, Plants and Clay Minerals: Mineral and Biologic Interactions (pp. 129–170). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Economic Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 13). New International Climate Chief Faces A Serious Communication Challenge. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Biotechnology: Information on Prices of Genetically Modified Seeds in the United States and Argentina (No. T-RCED/NSIAD-00-228). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark, B. M. (2013). Faculty Perceptions of the Importance of Internationalizing the General Education Curriculum in the Florida College System (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2017, September 6). Sibelius and His Slowly Imparted Secrets Revealed. New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Morr, 2014; Verdin, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Read & Bacic, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Dawkins, Donnelly, & Jones, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gupta et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Economic Journal
AbbreviationInt. Econ. J.
ISSN (print)1016-8737
ISSN (online)1743-517X
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance

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