How to format your references using the International Development Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Development Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKee, C. F. (2011) ‘Astronomy. Let There Be Dust’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6047), pp. 1227–1228.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tanaka, K. D. and K. Ueda (2005) ‘Horsfield’s Hawk-Cuckoo Nestlings Simulate Multiple Gapes for Begging’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5722), p. 653.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lawrence, T., T. Hageman and F. Balkwill (2007) ‘Cancer. Sex, Cytokines, and Cancer’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5834), pp. 51–52.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boucrot, E., T. Henry, J.-P. Borg, J.-P. Gorvel and S. Méresse (2005) ‘The Intracellular Fate of Salmonella Depends on the Recruitment of Kinesin’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5725), pp. 1174–1178.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allman, K. and X. E. D. Nogales (2015) Impact Investment (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc).
An edited book
Erto, P. (ed.) (2009) Statistics for Innovation: Statistical Design of “Continuous” Product Innovation (Milano: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Bloembergen, M. and M. Eickhoff (2015) ‘Save Borobudur! The Moral Dynamics of Heritage Formation in Indonesia across Orders and Borders, 1930s–1980s’, in Falser, M. (ed.) Cultural Heritage as Civilizing Mission: From Decay to Recovery, Transcultural Research – Heidelberg Studies on Asia and Europe in a Global Context (Cham: Springer International Publishing), pp. 83–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Development Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) ‘Are We Prepared For The Next Big Mediterranean Tsunami?’, IFLScience (IFLScience), (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Electronic Government Act: Agencies Have Implemented Most Provisions, but Key Areas of Attention Remain, No. GAO-12-782 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reser, G. (2012) Assessing the Relationship between Adult Attachment and Differentiation of Self to Coparental Divorce Adjustment, Doctoral dissertation (Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011) ‘A Summer With Uncle Casey In the Town He Owned’, New York Times, 17 April, p. SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McKee, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (McKee, 2011; Tanaka and Ueda, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tanaka and Ueda, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Lawrence et al., 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Boucrot et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Development Policy
AbbreviationInt. Dev. Pol.
ISSN (print)1663-9375
ISSN (online)1663-9391

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