How to format your references using the International Development Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Development Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chan, M. A. (2015) ‘PLANETARY SCIENCE. The Martian Lake Chronicles’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6257), p. 167.
A journal article with 2 authors
McCarl, B. A. and U. A. Schneider (2001) ‘Climate Change. Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in U.S. Agriculture and Forestry’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5551), pp. 2481–2482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fu, Y., Y. Xu and H. Chen (2014) ‘Additional Modes in a Waveguide System of Zero-Index-Metamaterials with Defects’, Scientific Reports, 4, p. 6428.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ling, J. Q., T. Li, J. F. Hu, T. H. Vu, H. L. Chen, X. W. Qiu, A. M. Cherry and A. R. Hoffman (2006) ‘CTCF Mediates Interchromosomal Colocalization between Igf2/H19 and Wsb1/Nf1’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5771), pp. 269–272.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hwang, R.-B. R. (2012) Periodic Structures (Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd).
An edited book
Craster, R. V. and J. Kaplunov (eds) (2013) Dynamic Localization Phenomena in Elasticity, Acoustics and Electromagnetism, 1st edition, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences (Vienna: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Simari, G. I. and S. D. Parsons (2011) ‘A Theoretical Comparison of Models’, in Parsons, S. D. (ed.) Markov Decision Processes and the Belief-Desire-Intention Model: Bridging the Gap for Autonomous Agents, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science (New York, NY: Springer), pp. 27–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Development Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) ‘Curiosity Rover Confirms Methane On Mars’, IFLScience (IFLScience), (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Air Traffic Control: Immature Software Acquisition Processes Increase FAA System Acquisition Risks, No. AIMD-97-47 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pezzolesi, M. G. (2008) Novel Mechanisms of PTEN Dysfunction in PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndromes, Doctoral dissertation (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alexander, K. (2003) ‘A Squeeze Box Philharmonic’, New York Times, 15 June, p. 227.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Chan, 2015; McCarl and Schneider, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McCarl and Schneider, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Fu et al., 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ling et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Development Policy
AbbreviationInt. Dev. Pol.
ISSN (print)1663-9375
ISSN (online)1663-9391

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