How to format your references using the International Development Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Development Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lloyd, S. (2008) ‘Quantum Information Matters’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5867), pp. 1209–1211.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meinhart, A. and P. Cramer (2004) ‘Recognition of RNA Polymerase II Carboxy-Terminal Domain by 3’-RNA-Processing Factors’, Nature, 430(6996), pp. 223–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohmoto, H., K. E. Yamaguchi and S. Ono (2001) ‘Questions Regarding Precambrian Sulfur Isotope Fractionation’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5524), p. 1959.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sell, T. S., T. Belkacemi, V. Flockerzi and A. Beck (2014) ‘Protonophore Properties of Hyperforin Are Essential for Its Pharmacological Activity’, Scientific Reports, 4, p. 7500.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle, M. (2011) An Introduction to Chemical Kinetics (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc).
An edited book
Ehrgott, M., C. M. Fonseca, X. Gandibleux, J.-K. Hao and M. Sevaux (eds) (2009) Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 5th International Conference, EMO 2009, Nantes, France, April 7-10, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Aptekar, L. and D. Stoecklin (2014) ‘Programs: Typical and Exemplary’, in Stoecklin, D. (ed.) Street Children and Homeless Youth: A Cross-Cultural Perspective (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), pp. 163–216.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Development Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013) ‘Recipient of a Trachea Implant Made From Stem Cells Is Still Healthy Five Years Later’, IFLScience (IFLScience), (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Aviation Security: Slow Progress in Addressing Long-Standing Screener Performance Problems, No. T-RCED-00-125 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peacock, C. (2012) Design Science Research toward Designing/Prototyping a Repeatable Model for Testing Location Management (LM) Algorithms for Wireless Networking, Doctoral dissertation (Minneapolis, MN: Capella University).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by (2005) ‘Arts, Briefly; Returning Seized Art’, New York Times, 26 December, p. E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lloyd, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lloyd, 2008; Meinhart and Cramer, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meinhart and Cramer, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Ohmoto et al., 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sell et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Development Policy
AbbreviationInt. Dev. Pol.
ISSN (print)1663-9375
ISSN (online)1663-9391

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