How to format your references using the International Development Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Development Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R. F. (2003) ‘Condensed Matter Physics. Inverse Doppler Demonstration Ends a 60-Year Quest’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5650), p. 1489.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baker, D. and A. Sali (2001) ‘Protein Structure Prediction and Structural Genomics’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5540), pp. 93–96.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pasham, D. R., T. E. Strohmayer and R. F. Mushotzky (2014) ‘A 400-Solar-Mass Black Hole in the Galaxy M82’, Nature, 513(7516), pp. 74–76.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Erbse, A., R. Schmidt, T. Bornemann, J. Schneider-Mergener, A. Mogk, R. Zahn, D. A. Dougan and B. Bukau (2006) ‘ClpS Is an Essential Component of the N-End Rule Pathway in Escherichia Coli’, Nature, 439(7077), pp. 753–756.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahlemeyer-Stubbe, A. and S. Coleman (2014) A Practical Guide to Data Mining for Business and Industry (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
Noubir, G. and M. Raynal (eds) (2014) Networked Systems: Second International Conference, NETYS 2014, Marrakech, Morocco, May 15-17, 2014. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Cham: Springer International Publishing).
A chapter in an edited book
Miska, M., H. Warita, A. Torday and M. Kuwahara (2010) ‘International Traffic Database: Gathering Traffic Data Fast and Intuitive’, in Barceló, J. and Kuwahara, M. (eds) Traffic Data Collection and Its Standardization, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science (New York, NY: Springer), pp. 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Development Policy.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015) ‘Longer Migration Routes Led to Drab Female Warblers’, IFLScience (IFLScience), (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Emergency Management: Improved Federal Coordination Could Better Assist K-12 Schools Prepare for Emergencies, No. GAO-16-144 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendricks, E. D. (2010) Teaching Teachers: A Study of Teacher Educators’ Perceptions of the Effect of Meeting Mandated NCATE Standards, Doctoral dissertation (Minneapolis, MN: Capella University).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992) ‘THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Given a Good Lead, Clinton Is No Longer Talking Tough’, New York Times, 18 September, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Baker and Sali, 2001; Service, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baker and Sali, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Pasham et al., 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Erbse et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Development Policy
AbbreviationInt. Dev. Pol.
ISSN (print)1663-9375
ISSN (online)1663-9391

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