How to format your references using the Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Padma, T. V. (2014). Developing countries: The outcomes paradox. Nature 508, S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahima, R. S., and Lazar, M. A. (2013). Physiology. The health risk of obesity--better metrics imperative. Science 341, 856–858.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones, D. L., Brewster, R. C., and Phillips, R. (2014). Promoter architecture dictates cell-to-cell variability in gene expression. Science 346, 1533–1536.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stimpert, A. K., DeRuiter, S. L., Southall, B. L., Moretti, D. J., Falcone, E. A., Goldbogen, J. A., et al. (2014). Acoustic and foraging behavior of a Baird’s beaked whale, Berardius bairdii, exposed to simulated sonar. Sci. Rep. 4, 7031.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arden, J. B., and Linford, L. (2008). Brain-Based Therapy with Adults. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bou-Sleiman, S. (2012). Built-in-Self-Test and Digital Self-Calibration for RF SoCs. , ed. M. Ismail New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stanescu, L., Burdescu, D. D., Brezovan, M., and Mihai, C. G. (2012). “Medical Images Annotation,” in Creating New Medical Ontologies for Image Annotation: A Case Study SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering., eds. D. D. Burdescu, M. Brezovan, and C. G. Mihai (New York, NY: Springer), 65–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Mesmerizing Gif Shows Cell Division. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982). Use of Program Income by Evaluation, Dissemination, and Assessment Centers Supported by OBEMLA. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jensen, D. (2015). Functional Analysis of Calmodulin’s Calcium Dependent Inactivation of Orai1.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017). With a Little Help From His Friends. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloom, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Betz, 2010; Madariaga, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ahima and Lazar, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Geldner et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Respiratory Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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