How to format your references using the Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer, M. N. (2014). Misjudgements will drive social trials underground. Nature 511, 265.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alexander, M., and Christia, F. (2011). Context modularity of human altruism. Science 334, 1392–1394.
A journal article with 3 authors
Urban, F. E., Cole, J. E., and Overpeck, J. T. (2000). Influence of mean climate change on climate variability from a 155-year tropical Pacific coral record. Nature 407, 989–993.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sekine, T., Kakuta, T., Nakamura, T., Kobayashi, Y., Takashima, Y., and Harada, A. (2014). A macroscopic reaction: direct covalent bond formation between materials using a Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction. Sci. Rep. 4, 6348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gray, D. R. J. M., and Al-Ani, D. M. Z. (2011). Temporomandibular Disorders. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sidhu, A. S., and Dhillon, S. K. eds. (2013). Advances in Biomedical Infrastructure 2013: Proceedings of International Symposium on Biomedical Data Infrastructure (BDI 2013). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jürgenson, A., and Willemson, J. (2010). “On Fast and Approximate Attack Tree Computations,” in Information Security, Practice and Experience: 6th International Conference, ISPEC 2010, Seoul, Korea, May 12-13, 2010. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. J. Kwak, R. H. Deng, Y. Won, and G. Wang (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 56–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Flatworm Mating: Literally a Cockblock. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Goals 2000: Flexible Funding Supports State and Local Education Reform. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shurts, C. (2010). Superstructure.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gelles, D., Thomas, L., Jr., Sorkin, A. R., and Kelly, K. (2017). Rebellion by Business Leaders Spelled End of Trump Councils. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meyer, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Alexander and Christia, 2011; Meyer, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alexander and Christia, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Sekine et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Respiratory Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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