How to format your references using the Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crane, B. R. (2012). Biochemistry. Nature’s intricate clockwork. Science 337, 165–166.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bremner, R., and Sage, J. (2014). Cancer: The origin of human retinoblastoma. Nature 514, 312–313.
A journal article with 3 authors
Külheim, C., Agren, J., and Jansson, S. (2002). Rapid regulation of light harvesting and plant fitness in the field. Science 297, 91–93.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Le Grand, R., Mondloch, C. J., Maurer, D., and Brent, H. P. (2001). Neuroperception. Early visual experience and face processing. Nature 410, 890.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Uribe, S. (2017). Frontier Road. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Goossens, N., Clément, S., and Negro, F. eds. (2016). Handbook of Hepatitis C. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ganghishetti, P., and Vadlamani, R. (2014). “Association Rule Mining via Evolutionary Multi-objective Optimization,” in Multi-disciplinary Trends in Artificial Intelligence: 8th International Workshop, MIWAI 2014, Bangalore, India, December 8-10, 2014. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. M. N. Murty, X. He, R. R. Chillarige, and P. Weng (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Tree Kangaroos: Real Life Teddy Bears. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010). Federal Education Funding: Overview of K-12 and Early Childhood Education Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Douglas, L. (2014). Thermogravimetric and Raman Investigations on the Mechanism of Decomposition of Lead Compounds on Tungsten Surfaces.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017). Stoppard for an Age of Uncertainty. New York Times, AR16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crane, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Crane, 2012; Bremner and Sage, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bremner and Sage, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Le Grand et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Respiratory Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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