How to format your references using the Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns, J. A. (2014). Solar system: Ring in the new. Nature 508, 48–49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bozic, I., and Nowak, M. A. (2013). Cancer. Unwanted evolution. Science 342, 938–939.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sawamura, H., Shima, K., and Tanji, J. (2002). Numerical representation for action in the parietal cortex of the monkey. Nature 415, 918–922.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kemper, C., Chan, A. C., Green, J. M., Brett, K. A., Murphy, K. M., and Atkinson, J. P. (2003). Activation of human CD4+ cells with CD3 and CD46 induces a T-regulatory cell 1 phenotype. Nature 421, 388–392.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simmons, M., and Dalgleish, E. (2006). Corporate Actions. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Morari, M., and Thiele, L. eds. (2005). Hybrid Systems: Computation and Control: 8th International Workshop, HSCC 2005, Zurich, Switzerland, March 9-11, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fogel, E., Halperin, D., and Wein, R. (2012). “Arrangements of Unbounded Curves,” in CGAL Arrangements and Their Applications: A Step-by-Step Guide Geometry and Computing., eds. D. Halperin and R. Wein (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 67–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). People Working In These Jobs Are Most Likely To Cheat On Their Partner. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). No Child Left Behind Act: States Face Challenges Measuring Academic Growth That Education’s Initiatives May Help Address. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, T. (2014). A qualitative phenomenological study: Hiring nurses re-entering the workforce after chemical dependence.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017). How Johnson Might Balance Ambassadorship and the Jets. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burns, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bozic and Nowak, 2013; Burns, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bozic and Nowak, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kemper et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Respiratory Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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