How to format your references using the Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miller, J. R. (2012). Applied physics. Valuing reversible energy storage. Science 335, 1312–1313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, B. H., and Kwon, J. W. (2014). Metal catalyst for low-temperature growth of controlled zinc oxide nanowires on arbitrary substrates. Sci. Rep. 4, 4379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ingle, N. J. C., Beasley, M. R., and Geballe, T. H. (2002). Superconductivity in a spin-ladder cuprate. Science 295, 1967.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brown, M. E., Barkume, K. M., Ragozzine, D., and Schaller, E. L. (2007). A collisional family of icy objects in the Kuiper belt. Nature 446, 294–296.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, W. C. (2016). Resistivity Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Delcambre, L., Kop, C., Mayr, H. C., Mylopoulos, J., and Pastor, O. eds. (2005). Conceptual Modeling – ER 2005: 24th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, Klagenfurt, Austria, October 24-28, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, F., and Lu, T. (2011). “Analysis of Skin Bioheat Transfer,” in Introduction to Skin Biothermomechanics and Thermal Pain, ed. T. Lu (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Watch Bill Nye Read Out Some Of The Hilarious Mean Tweets Sent To Him. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). ADP Budget: Department of the Air Force’s Information Technology Systems Obligations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young, W. B. (2017). First-Generation Undergraduate Researchers: Engaging and Validating Cultural Wealth-Based Self-Authors.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017). Reviving World Cup Hopes Out of Thin Air. New York Times, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miller, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Miller, 2012; Kim and Kwon, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Kwon, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Brown et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Respiratory Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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