How to format your references using the Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M. (2007). Moment of reckoning. Nature 446, 844–845.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bodner, S., and Paine, C. (2000). When peer review fails. Nature 407, 129–130.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parker, J. S., Roe, S. M., and Barford, D. (2005). Structural insights into mRNA recognition from a PIWI domain-siRNA guide complex. Nature 434, 663–666.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Leonard, J. A., Wayne, R. K., Wheeler, J., Valadez, R., Guillén, S., and Vilà, C. (2002). Ancient DNA evidence for Old World origin of New World dogs. Science 298, 1613–1616.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tobias, J., and Hochhauser, D. (2014). Cancer and its Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Schatzker, J. (2005). The Rationale of Operative Fracture Care. Third Edition. , ed. M. Tile Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Suzuki, K. (2006). “The Significance of Mycorrhizae in Forest Ecosystems,” in Plantation Technology in Tropical Forest Science, eds. K. Suzuki, K. Ishii, S. Sakurai, and S. Sasaki (Tokyo: Springer), 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Respiratory Physiology.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017). Scientists Have Finally Figured Out Why Flamingoes Stand On One Leg. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976). GAO and Federal Government ADP Procurement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Connell, M. (2010). Escaping intersections.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002). The Greenhouse Stays. Some of the Greenery Goes. New York Times, 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bodner and Paine, 2000; Wadman, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bodner and Paine, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Leonard et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Respiratory Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

Other styles