How to format your references using the International Comparative Jurisprudence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Comparative Jurisprudence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carmeliet, P. (2005). Angiogenesis in life, disease and medicine. Nature, 438(7070), 932–936.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yoshida, N., & Toyoda, S. (2000). Constraining the atmospheric N2O budget from intramolecular site preference in N2O isotopomers. Nature, 405(6784), 330–334.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xie, X. S., Yu, J., & Yang, W. Y. (2006). Living cells as test tubes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5771), 228–230.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Frazier, M. E., Johnson, G. M., Thomassen, D. G., Oliver, C. E., & Patrinos, A. (2003). Realizing the potential of the genome revolution: the genomes to life program. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5617), 290–293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams, F., & Aizawa, K. (2010). The Bounds of Cognition. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Ernst, A., Schäfer, P., & Scholz, J. (Eds.). (2013). Bryozoan Studies 2010 (Vol. 143). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Meershoek, G. (2016). The Dutch Police and the Explosion of Violence in the Early 1980s. In J. Campion & X. Rousseaux (Eds.), Policing New Risks in Modern European History (pp. 86–96). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Comparative Jurisprudence.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, June 12). Researchers Have Produced The Largest Virtual Universe Yet. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Multiyear Authorizations for Research and Development (PAD-81-61). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yi, M. (2015). Interrater reliability between novice and expert functional movement screen raters [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2000, November 26). That Distinctive New-Park Odor Turns Out to Be Leaking Sewage. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carmeliet, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Carmeliet, 2005; Yoshida & Toyoda, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yoshida & Toyoda, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Xie et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Frazier et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Comparative Jurisprudence
AbbreviationInt. Comp. Jurisprud.
ISSN (print)2351-6674

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