How to format your references using the International Comparative Jurisprudence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Comparative Jurisprudence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Branco, T. (2011). Eppendorf winner. The language of dendrites. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6056), 615–616.
A journal article with 2 authors
Costa, S., & Shaw, P. (2006). Chromatin organization and cell fate switch respond to positional information in Arabidopsis. Nature, 439(7075), 493–496.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nesić, D., Hsu, Y., & Stebbins, C. E. (2004). Assembly and function of a bacterial genotoxin. Nature, 429(6990), 429–433.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tabuchi, K., Blundell, J., Etherton, M. R., Hammer, R. E., Liu, X., Powell, C. M., & Südhof, T. C. (2007). A neuroligin-3 mutation implicated in autism increases inhibitory synaptic transmission in mice. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5847), 71–76.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, E., & Noppe-Brandon, S. (2011). Imagination First. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Halwachs-Baumann, G. (Ed.). (2011). Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Therapy. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Holinstat, M., Niisuke, K., & Tourdot, B. E. (2016). Platelets and Lipoxygenases. In D. Steinhilber (Ed.), Lipoxygenases in Inflammation (pp. 83–99). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Comparative Jurisprudence.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, January 26). Mysterious White Object Spotted On Ceres. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Data Mining: Results and Challenges for Government Program Audits and Investigations (No. GAO-03-591T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Houger, V. P. (2011). Generational differences and the impact to employee engagement: A program design (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Arango, T., & Gordon, M. R. (2017, July 9). ISIS Is Routed As Iraqi Forces Reclaim Mosul. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Branco, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Branco, 2011; Costa & Shaw, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Costa & Shaw, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Nesić, Hsu, & Stebbins, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tabuchi et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Comparative Jurisprudence
AbbreviationInt. Comp. Jurisprud.
ISSN (print)2351-6674

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