How to format your references using the International Comparative Jurisprudence citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Comparative Jurisprudence. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatzes, A. P. (2014). The role of space telescopes in the characterization of transiting exoplanets. Nature, 513(7518), 353–357.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wignall, A. E., & Herberstein, M. E. (2013). Male courtship vibrations delay predatory behaviour in female spiders. Scientific Reports, 3, 3557.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonsamo, A., Chen, J. M., & Wu, C. (2013). Citizen Science: linking the recent rapid advances of plant flowering in Canada with climate variability. Scientific Reports, 3, 2239.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xu, H., Xia, Y., Yin, K., Lu, J., Yin, Q., Yin, J., Sun, L., & Liu, Z. (2013). The chemically driven phase transformation in a memristive abacus capable of calculating decimal fractions. Scientific Reports, 3, 1230.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lane, D. (2011). The Chief Information Officer’s Body of Knowledge. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chou, S.-Y., Trappey, A., Pokojski, J., & Smith, S. (Eds.). (2009). Global Perspective for Competitive Enterprise, Economy and Ecology: Proceedings of the 16th ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gorgulho, A. M. S. B. S., Neves, R. F. M. F., & Horta, N. C. G. (2013). Conclusions and Future Work. In R. F. M. F. Neves & N. C. G. Horta (Eds.), Intelligent Financial Portfolio Composition based on Evolutionary Computation Strategies (pp. 69–71). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Comparative Jurisprudence.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, October 6). Nobel Prize In Physics Awarded For The Solution To The “Missing Neutrinos” Puzzle. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Proprietary Schools: Stronger Department of Education Oversight Needed to Help Ensure Only Eligible Students Receive Federal Student Aid (GAO-09-600). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, D. B. (2009). Nurse educators’ leadership styles and nurse graduates’ licensure passage rates [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S. (2015, August 21). To Gain a College Student, Eliminate a Form. New York Times, BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hatzes, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hatzes, 2014; Wignall & Herberstein, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wignall & Herberstein, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Gonsamo et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Comparative Jurisprudence
AbbreviationInt. Comp. Jurisprud.
ISSN (print)2351-6674

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