How to format your references using the International Communication of Chinese Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Communication of Chinese Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hemker, K. J. (2004). Materials science. Understanding how nanocrystalline metals deform. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5668), 221–223.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mogk, A., & Bukau, B. (2010). Cell biology. When the beginning marks the end. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5968), 966–967.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, B. K., Siprashvili, Z., & Khavari, P. A. (2014). Advances in skin grafting and treatment of cutaneous wounds. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6212), 941–945.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, H. J., Graham, D. W., DiSpirito, A. A., Alterman, M. A., Galeva, N., Larive, C. K., et al. (2004). Methanobactin, a copper-acquisition compound from methane-oxidizing bacteria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5690), 1612–1615.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena, F. B. (2015). Patient Studies in Valvular, Congenital, and Rarer Forms of Cardiovascular Disease. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kruys, J. (2011). Sharing RF Spectrum with Commodity Wireless Technologies: Theory and Practice. (L. Qian, Ed.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Yoshioka, K., Tanaka, R., & Ehara, S. (2009). Noninvasive Diagnosis of the Artery of Adamkiewicz. In T. Kazui & S. Takamoto (Eds.), Advances in Understanding Aortic Diseases (pp. 15–20). Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Communication of Chinese Culture.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 27). Regrowing Limbs: Fossils Reveal Ancient Secrets Of Salamander Ancestors. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Program To Increase Graduates From Health Professions Schools and Improve the Quality of Their Education (No. B-164031(2)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solano, E. A. (2012). Hindemith’s Sonata for Viola, ope 11, no.4 A compositional and historical perspective (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jorden, J. (2017, September 20). Scaling the Everest of Opera. New York Times, p. AR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hemker 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hemker 2004; Mogk and Bukau 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mogk and Bukau 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Communication of Chinese Culture
AbbreviationInt. Commun. Chin. Cult.
ISSN (print)2197-4233
ISSN (online)2197-4241

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