How to format your references using the International Communication of Chinese Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Communication of Chinese Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shaffer, C. H. (2006). The charge-up man. Nature, 444(7119), 652.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson, T. J., & Lilley, D. M. J. (2009). Biochemistry. The evolution of ribozyme chemistry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5920), 1436–1438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Insel, T. R., Landis, S. C., & Collins, F. S. (2013). Research priorities. The NIH BRAIN Initiative. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6133), 687–688.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Drescher, M., Hentschel, M., Kienberger, R., Tempea, G., Spielmann, C., Reider, G. A., et al. (2001). X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5510), 1923–1927.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laursen, G. H. N., & Thorlund, J. (2016). Business Analytics for Managers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hassmén, P. (2016). Rethinking Sport and Exercise Psychology Research: Past, Present and Future. (R. Keegan & D. Piggott, Eds.). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Bearss, N. (2010). Access and Utilization of Health Care. In C. S. Clauss-Ehlers (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural School Psychology (pp. 72–73). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Communication of Chinese Culture.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 14). Are You A Psychopath? Take This Test To Find Out. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Postsecondary Education: Many States Collect Graduates’ Employment Information, but Clearer Guidance on Student Privacy Requirements Is Needed (No. GAO-10-927). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez, R. A. (2009). Examining coping skills used to deal with daily stressors of law enforcement (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2012, January 5). A Chicer, Cheaper New Outlook. New York Times, p. E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shaffer 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Shaffer 2006; Wilson and Lilley 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson and Lilley 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Drescher et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Communication of Chinese Culture
AbbreviationInt. Commun. Chin. Cult.
ISSN (print)2197-4233
ISSN (online)2197-4241

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