How to format your references using the International Communication of Chinese Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Communication of Chinese Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blackburn, G. L. (2001). Pasteur’s Quadrant and malnutrition. Nature, 409(6818), 397–401.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gompel, N., & Carroll, S. B. (2003). Genetic mechanisms and constraints governing the evolution of correlated traits in drosophilid flies. Nature, 424(6951), 931–935.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, J., Lu, H., & Huang, L. (2014). Calciphytoliths (calcium oxalate crystals) analysis for the identification of decayed tea plants (Camellia sinensis L.). Scientific reports, 4, 6703.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, L., Gan, Z., McCartney, M. R., Liang, H., Yu, H., Gao, Y., et al. (2013). Atomic configurations at InAs partial dislocation cores associated with Z-shape faulted dipoles. Scientific reports, 3, 3229.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paul, C. R. (2011). Transmission Lines in Digital Systems for EMC Practitioners. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kline, K. K. (Ed.). (2008). Authoritative Communities: The Scientific Case for Nurturing the Whole Child (Vol. 5). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bai, H., Wang, A., Zhao, Y., Pan, J.-S., & Abraham, A. (2011). Algorithms of MD. In A. Wang, Y. Zhao, J.-S. Pan, & A. Abraham (Eds.), Distributed Multiple Description Coding: Principles, Algorithms and Systems (pp. 51–114). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Communication of Chinese Culture.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 3). Climate Change Means We Can’t Keep Living (And Working) In Glass Houses. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Aviation Security: TSA Should Limit Future Funding for Behavior Detection Activities (No. GAO-14-159). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grefe, S. E. (2013). Plasmonic and topological insulator nanostructures and metamaterials nanoscale near-field investigations: Experiment and theory (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, August 14). An Artist’s Childhood, Etched in Trauma. New York Times, p. C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blackburn 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Blackburn 2001; Gompel and Carroll 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gompel and Carroll 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Communication of Chinese Culture
AbbreviationInt. Commun. Chin. Cult.
ISSN (print)2197-4233
ISSN (online)2197-4241

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