How to format your references using the International Communication of Chinese Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Communication of Chinese Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Segrè, G. (2000). The Big Bang and the genetic code. Nature, 404(6777), 437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cole, S. T., & Alzari, P. M. (2005). Microbiology. TB--a new target, a new drug. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5707), 214–215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hinrichs, K.-U., Hmelo, L. R., & Sylva, S. P. (2003). Molecular fossil record of elevated methane levels in late Pleistocene coastal waters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5610), 1214–1217.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schaffer, E., Thurn-Albrecht, T., Russell, T. P., & Steiner, U. (2000). Electrically induced structure formation and pattern transfer. Nature, 403(6772), 874–877.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paterson, J. C. (2015). Lean Auditing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Grädel, E. (2007). Finite Model Theory and Its Applications. (P. G. Kolaitis, L. Libkin, M. Marx, J. Spencer, M. Y. Vardi, Y. Venema, & S. Weinstein, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bižić-Ionescu, M., & Ionescu, D. (2016). Crossing the Freshwater/Saline Barrier: A Phylogenetic Analysis of Bacteria Inhabiting Both Freshwater and Marine Ecosystems. In P. M. Glibert & T. M. Kana (Eds.), Aquatic Microbial Ecology and Biogeochemistry: A Dual Perspective (pp. 35–44). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Communication of Chinese Culture.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, May 8). Germany To Legalize Medical Marijuana Next Year. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Telecommunications: Research and Regulatory Efforts on Mobile Phone Health Issues (No. GAO-01-545). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, S. (2013). Control-display alignment modulates dimensional salience (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bruno, J. (2017, July 6). Watching Coral Reefs Die. New York Times, p. SR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Segrè 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cole and Alzari 2005; Segrè 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cole and Alzari 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Schaffer et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Communication of Chinese Culture
AbbreviationInt. Commun. Chin. Cult.
ISSN (print)2197-4233
ISSN (online)2197-4241

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