How to format your references using the International Communication of Chinese Culture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Communication of Chinese Culture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hamer, D. (2002). Genetics. Rethinking behavior genetics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5591), 71–72.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stamm, L. M., & Goldberg, M. B. (2011). Microbiology. Establishing the secretion hierarchy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6021), 1147–1148.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ribeiro, B., Perra, N., & Baronchelli, A. (2013). Quantifying the effect of temporal resolution on time-varying networks. Scientific reports, 3, 3006.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Leibundgut, M., Jenni, S., Frick, C., & Ban, N. (2007). Structural basis for substrate delivery by acyl carrier protein in the yeast fatty acid synthase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5822), 288–290.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gasch, A., & Gasch, B. (2010). Successfully Choosing Your EMR. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Aybek, C. M., Huinink, J., & Muttarak, R. (Eds.). (2015). Spatial Mobility, Migration, and Living Arrangements. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Brandão, S., Parente, M., Silva, A. R., Da Roza, T., Mascarenhas, T., Ramos, I., & Natal Jorge, R. M. (2015). The Impairment of Female Pelvic Ligaments and Its Relation With Pelvic Floor Dysfunction: Biomechanical Analysis. In J. M. R. S. Tavares & R. M. Natal Jorge (Eds.), Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences: Methods and Applications: ICCEBS 2013 -- International Conference on Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences (pp. 63–73). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Communication of Chinese Culture.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 1). The Rise and Demise of a Super-Armoured ‘Monster Worm’ From Ancient China. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Aviation Weather: FAA Is Reevaluating Services at Key Centers; Both FAA and the National Weather Service Need to Better Ensure Product Quality (No. GAO-08-258). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bigelow, R. W. (2017). Perception of Online Legal Education among Recently Retired Law School Faculty (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2016, September 21). The Deflategate Scientists Unlock Their Lab. New York Times, p. SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hamer 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hamer 2002; Stamm and Goldberg 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stamm and Goldberg 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Leibundgut et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Communication of Chinese Culture
AbbreviationInt. Commun. Chin. Cult.
ISSN (print)2197-4233
ISSN (online)2197-4241

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