How to format your references using the Journal of the Saudi Heart Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Saudi Heart Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Dobson JE. Big Brother has evolved. Nature 2009;458:968.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ahn S, Lee SJ. Nanoparticle role on the repeatability of stimuli-responsive nanocomposites. Sci Rep 2014;4:6624.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Okuwaki R, Yagi Y, Hirano S. Relationship between high-frequency radiation and asperity ruptures, revealed by hybrid back-projection with a non-planar fault model. Sci Rep 2014;4:7120.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Yao M, Goult BT, Chen H, Cong P, Sheetz MP, Yan J. Mechanical activation of vinculin binding to talin locks talin in an unfolded conformation. Sci Rep 2014;4:4610.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
First MB, Tasman A. Clinical Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Lu MQ, editor. Approaching China’s Pharmaceutical Market: A Fundamental Guide to Clinical Drug Development. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Brejová B, Gafurov A, Pardubská D, Sabo M, Vinař T. Isometric Gene Tree Reconciliation Revisited. In: Frith M, Storm Pedersen CN, editors. Algorithms in Bioinformatics: 16th International Workshop, WABI 2016, Aarhus, Denmark, August 22-24, 2016. Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 40–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Saudi Heart Association.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Poo Transplants And Probiotics – Does Anything Work To Improve The Health Of Our Gut? IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Comments on Proposed F.P.M.R. Amendment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Nam Y-H. On Throughput-Reliability-Delay Tradeoffs in Wireless Networks. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Sisario B. Another Exclusive Yields No. 1 Album. New York Times 2016:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Saudi Heart Association
AbbreviationJ. Saudi Heart Assoc.
ISSN (print)1016-7315
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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