How to format your references using the Journal of the Saudi Heart Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Saudi Heart Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Ehlers MD. Eppendorf 2003 prize-winning essay. Ubiquitin and the deconstruction of synapses. Science 2003;302:800–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Roberson ED, Mucke L. 100 years and counting: prospects for defeating Alzheimer’s disease. Science 2006;314:781–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Evans WJ, Kozimor SA, Ziller JW. Molecular octa-uranium rings with alternating nitride and azide bridges. Science 2005;309:1835–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Snijder B, Sacher R, Rämö P, Damm E-M, Liberali P, Pelkmans L. Population context determines cell-to-cell variability in endocytosis and virus infection. Nature 2009;461:520–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Morley D. Communications and Mobility. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Mancini D, Dameri RP, Bonollo E, editors. Strengthening Information and Control Systems: The Synergy Between Information Technology and Accounting Models. vol. 14. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Oliveira LB, Fernandes JR, Filanovsky IM, Verhoeven CJM, Silva MM. Quadrature Oscillator-Mixer. In: Fernandes JR, Filanovsky IM, Verhoeven CJM, Silva MM, editors. Analysis and Design of Quadrature Oscillators, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008, p. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Saudi Heart Association.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Massive Haul Of Meteorites Found In Iranian Desert. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/massive-haul-meteorites-found-iranian-desert/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Montana’s Medical Assistance Facilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Israel JM. Student Extracurricular Participation, Student Achievement, and School Perception: an Elementary School Perspective. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Baker P. Leaving Stress As More Waits In Trip Abroad. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Saudi Heart Association
AbbreviationJ. Saudi Heart Assoc.
ISSN (print)1016-7315
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles