How to format your references using the Journal of the Saudi Heart Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Saudi Heart Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Spurgeon D. Drawing back the talent: Canada. Nature 2002;415:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Henney A, Superti-Furga G. A network solution. Nature 2008;455:730–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Hanczyc MM, Fujikawa SM, Szostak JW. Experimental models of primitive cellular compartments: encapsulation, growth, and division. Science 2003;302:618–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wall S, Yang S, Vidas L, Chollet M, Glownia JM, Kozina M, et al. Ultrafast disordering of vanadium dimers in photoexcited VO2. Science 2018;362:572–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hollins C. Basic Guide to Anatomy and Physiology for Dental Care Professionals. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.,; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Katsikas S, López J, Pernul G, editors. Trust, Privacy, and Security in Digital Business: Second International Conference, TrustBus 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark, August 22-26, 2005. Proceedings. vol. 3592. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Sekiya F, Sugimoto A. Discrete Polynomial Curve Fitting to Noisy Data. In: Barneva RP, Brimkov VE, Aggarwal JK, editors. Combinatorial Image Analaysis: 15th International Workshop, IWCIA 2012, Austin, TX, USA, November 28-30, 2012. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012, p. 59–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Saudi Heart Association.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. “Surfing” Antimatter Breakthrough Could Accelerate The Hunt For Exotic Particles. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Possible Extended Use of the Federal Telecommunications System by DOD. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Castiglione A. Counterproductive work behaviors: The role of employee support policies, envy, and narcissism. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Billard M. A Raid on Men’s Closets. New York Times 2010:E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Saudi Heart Association
AbbreviationJ. Saudi Heart Assoc.
ISSN (print)1016-7315
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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