How to format your references using the Journal of the Saudi Heart Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Saudi Heart Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Barrett CB. Measuring food insecurity. Science 2010;327:825–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Tanaka M, Lisberger SG. Regulation of the gain of visually guided smooth-pursuit eye movements by frontal cortex. Nature 2001;409:191–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Usuki F, Fujimura M, Yamashita A. Endoplasmic reticulum stress preconditioning attenuates methylmercury-induced cellular damage by inducing favorable stress responses. Sci Rep 2013;3:2346.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wang Y, Sheng G, Juranek S, Tuschl T, Patel DJ. Structure of the guide-strand-containing argonaute silencing complex. Nature 2008;456:209–13.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Stull C, Myers P, Scott DM. Tuned In. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Cao D, White S, editors. Animal Law and Welfare - International Perspectives. vol. 53. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Reiche I, Gourrier A. Informative Potential of Multiscale Observations in Archaeological Biominerals Down to Nanoscale. In: Dillmann P, Bellot-Gurlet L, Nenner I, editors. Nanoscience and Cultural Heritage, Paris: Atlantis Press; 2016, p. 75–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Saudi Heart Association.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. New Research Shows How Pleasure And Positivity Mobilize The Body’s Immune System. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-research-shows-how-pleasure-and-positivity-mobilize-the-bodys-immune-system/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: Institutions’ Reported Data Collection Burden Is Higher Than Estimated but Can Be Reduced through Increased Coordination. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
DeMoss MD. Mapping the issues: A content analysis of elementary and secondary education news stories from 1968 to 2008 on television networks. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Pilon M. The One And Only: The Footprints On a Path to Gold. New York Times 2012:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Saudi Heart Association
AbbreviationJ. Saudi Heart Assoc.
ISSN (print)1016-7315
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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