How to format your references using the International Business Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Business Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatfull, G. F. (2002). Microbiology. A tail of two specifi-cities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5562), 2031–2032.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghosh, B., & Urban, M. W. (2009). Self-repairing oxetane-substituted chitosan polyurethane networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5920), 1458–1460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peng, L., Song, Z.-G., & Jiao, S.-C. (2014). Efficacy analysis of tyrosine kinase inhibitors on rare non-small cell lung cancer patients harboring complex EGFR mutations. Scientific Reports, 4, 6104.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brandman, O., Ferrell, J. E., Jr, Li, R., & Meyer, T. (2005). Interlinked fast and slow positive feedback loops drive reliable cell decisions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5747), 496–498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Illian, J., Penttinen, A., Stoyan, H., & Stoyan, D. (2008). Statistical Analysis and Modelling of Spatial Point Patterns. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Boulic, R., Chrysanthou, Y., & Komura, T. (Eds.). (2010). Motion in Games: Third International Conference, MIG 2010, Utrecht, The Netherlands, November 14-16, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6459). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Erradi, A., Maheshwari, P., & Tosic, V. (2006). Policy-Driven Middleware for Self-adaptation of Web Services Compositions. In M. van Steen & M. Henning (Eds.), Middleware 2006: ACM/IFIP/USENIX 7th International Middleware Conference, Melbourne, Australia, November 27-December 1, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 62–80). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Business Review.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, January 6). Why Some Geckos Don’t Stick. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Intellectual Property: State Immunity in Infringement Actions (GAO-01-811). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai, H. (2008). High Temperature Proton-Exchange and Fuel Processing Membranes for Fuel Cells and Other Applications [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002, April 26). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Top Chechen Reported Killed. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hatfull, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Ghosh & Urban, 2009; Hatfull, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghosh & Urban, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Peng et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Brandman et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Business Review
AbbreviationInt. Bus. Rev.
ISSN (print)0969-5931
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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