How to format your references using the International Business Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Business Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D. (2002). Prion data suggest BSE link to sporadic CJD. Nature, 420(6915), 450.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cifelli, R. L., & Davis, B. M. (2003). Paleontology. Marsupial origins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5652), 1899–1900.
A journal article with 3 authors
Renvall, V., Nangini, C., & Hari, R. (2014). All that glitters is not BOLD: inconsistencies in functional MRI. Scientific Reports, 4, 3920.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yokoyama, Y., Lambeck, K., De Deckker P, Johnston, P., & Fifield, L. K. (2000). Timing of the Last Glacial Maximum from observed sea-level minima. Nature, 406(6797), 713–716.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khanna, V. K. (2005). Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor IGBT Theory and Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Grote, U., Basu, A. K., & Chau, N. H. (Eds.). (2007). New Frontiers in Environmental and Social Labeling. Physica-Verlag HD.
A chapter in an edited book
Krause, O., & Lehnhoff, S. (2011). Load Flow with Uncertain Loading and Generation in Future Smart Grids. In K. Gopalakrishnan, S. K. Khaitan, & S. Kalogirou (Eds.), Soft Computing in Green and Renewable Energy Systems (pp. 117–156). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Business Review.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, November 4). Doubt Cast On Research Claiming Chimps Can Learn New “Accents.” IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Information Technology: DOD Needs to Improve Process for Ensuring Interoperability of Telecommunications Switches (GAO-02-681). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, C. (2017). A Policy Analysis: Assembly Bill 1421 or Laura’s Law [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2017, September 7). Kaepernick’s Conscience. New York Times, SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Butler, 2002; Cifelli & Davis, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cifelli & Davis, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Renvall et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yokoyama et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Business Review
AbbreviationInt. Bus. Rev.
ISSN (print)0969-5931
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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