How to format your references using the International Business Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Business Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Geballe, T. H. (2001). Superconductivity. Super boron. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5528), 223–224.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trumbore, S. E., & Czimczik, C. I. (2008). Geology. An uncertain future for soil carbon. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5895), 1455–1456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-Yehuda, S., Rudner, D. Z., & Losick, R. (2003). RacA, a bacterial protein that anchors chromosomes to the cell poles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5606), 532–536.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kennedy, A. R., Klett, J., Mulvey, R. E., & Wright, D. S. (2009). Synergic sedation of sensitive anions: alkali-mediated zincation of cyclic ethers and ethene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5953), 706–708.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bachmann, H., & Steinle, A. (2012). Precast Concrete Structures. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Houdebine, L.-M., & Fan, J. (Eds.). (2009). Rabbit Biotechnology. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Parpinelli, R. S., & Lopes, H. S. (2012). Population Resizing Using Nonlinear Dynamics in an Ecology-Based Approach. In H. Yin, J. A. F. Costa, & G. Barreto (Eds.), Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning - IDEAL 2012: 13th International Conference, Natal, Brazil, August 29-31, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 27–34). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Business Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 23). Watch As Great White Shark Steals Bag of Chum From Boat. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Weather Forecasting: Recommendations to Address New Weather Processing System Development Risks (AIMD-96-74). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saurage-Altenloh, S. M. (2017). The Measured Influence of Supplier CSR on Brand Performance Expectations in B2B Relationships [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. (2003, February 16). Beware of the Westminster Kennel’s Best in Show. New York Times, 42.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Geballe, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Geballe, 2001; Trumbore & Czimczik, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trumbore & Czimczik, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Ben-Yehuda et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kennedy et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Business Review
AbbreviationInt. Bus. Rev.
ISSN (print)0969-5931
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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