How to format your references using the International Business Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Business Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bromm, V. (2008). Astronomy. The cosmic Rosetta stone. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5889), 647–648.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsukevich, D. N., & Kuzmich, A. (2004). Quantum state transfer between matter and light. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5696), 663–666.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayr, G., Pohl, B., & Peters, D. S. (2005). A well-preserved Archaeopteryx specimen with theropod features. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5753), 1483–1486.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Menand, B., Yi, K., Jouannic, S., Hoffmann, L., Ryan, E., Linstead, P., Schaefer, D. G., & Dolan, L. (2007). An ancient mechanism controls the development of cells with a rooting function in land plants. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5830), 1477–1480.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gup, B. E. (2011). Banking and Financial Institutions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Luján, H. D., & Svärd, S. (Eds.). (2011). Giardia: A Model Organism. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cabrera Rivera, L., Vilches-Blázquez, L. M., Torres-Ruiz, M., & Moreno Ibarra, M. A. (2015). Semantic Recommender System for Touristic Context Based on Linked Data. In V. Popovich, C. Claramunt, M. Schrenk, K. Korolenko, & J. Gensel (Eds.), Information Fusion and Geographic Information Systems (IF&GIS’ 2015): Deep Virtualization for Mobile GIS (pp. 77–89). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Business Review.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, August 27). Cockatoos Can Draw Conclusions Too. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Small Business Innovation Research: Data Rights Protections (GAO-14-116R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peacock, C. (2012). Design science research toward designing/prototyping a repeatable model for testing location management (LM) algorithms for wireless networking [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartman, S. (2015, May 15). Love, Redeployed. New York Times, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bromm, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bromm, 2008; Matsukevich & Kuzmich, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matsukevich & Kuzmich, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Mayr et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Menand et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Business Review
AbbreviationInt. Bus. Rev.
ISSN (print)0969-5931
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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