How to format your references using the Clinical and Translational Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical and Translational Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sherwood S (2015) Climate science: The Sun and the rain. Nature 528:200–201
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Stanley S, Bloxham J (2004) Convective-region geometry as the cause of Uranus’ and Neptune’s unusual magnetic fields. Nature 428:151–153
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Peñuelas J, Rutishauser T, Filella I (2009) Ecology. Phenology feedbacks on climate change. Science 324:887–888
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Haugan T, Barnes PN, Wheeler R, et al (2004) Addition of nanoparticle dispersions to enhance flux pinning of the YBa2Cu3O7-x superconductor. Nature 430:867–870

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rossner W, Graubner C-A (2012) Spannbetonbauwerke. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Samarati P, Tunstall M, Posegga J, et al (2010) Information Security Theory and Practices. Security and Privacy of Pervasive Systems and Smart Devices: 4th IFIP WG 11.2 International Workshop, WISTP 2010, Passau, Germany, April 12-14, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Albini A, Protti S (2016) Renewable Resources: From Refinery to Bio-refinery. In: Protti S (ed) Paradigms in Green Chemistry and Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 63–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical and Translational Imaging.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2016) 13 Facts About Flirting That Single — and Married — People Should Know. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1973) Possible Extended Use of the Federal Telecommunications System by DOD. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Husted CL (2008) Systematic differentiation between Dark and Light Leaders: Is a corporate criminal profile possible? Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Schmidt MS, Mazzetti M, Apuzzo M (2017) Disputing Times Article About Inquiry Into Russia. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical and Translational Imaging
AbbreviationClin. Transl. Imaging
ISSN (print)2281-5872
ISSN (online)2281-7565
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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