How to format your references using the Clinical and Translational Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical and Translational Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Eiler JM (2007) Geochemistry. The oldest fossil or just another rock? Science 317:1046–1047
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Cress CD, Datta S (2013) Engineering. Nanoscale transistors--just around the gate? Science 341:140–141
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Costello C, Gaines S, Gerber LR (2012) Conservation science: A market approach to saving the whales. Nature 481:139–140
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Côté AP, Benin AI, Ockwig NW, et al (2005) Porous, crystalline, covalent organic frameworks. Science 310:1166–1170

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Corten R (2014) Computational Approaches to Studying the Co-evolution of Networks and Behavior in Social Dilemmas. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Barkatsas T, Bertram A (2016) Global Learning in the 21st Century. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Job G, Rüffler R (2016) Influence of Temperature and Pressure on Transformations. In: Rüffler R (ed) Physical Chemistry from a Different Angle: Introducing Chemical Equilibrium, Kinetics and Electrochemistry by Numerous Experiments. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 129–151

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical and Translational Imaging.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J (2016) Russia Wants To Send People Back To The Moon In 2031. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/russia-wants-to-send-people-to-the-moon-in-2031/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1987) ADP Systems: Concerns About DOD’s Composite Health Care System Development Contracts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Duan C (2004) Dynamic Analysis of Dry Friction Path in a Torsional System. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Grynbaum MM, Herrman J (2016) Breitbart Gains Voice in White House. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical and Translational Imaging
AbbreviationClin. Transl. Imaging
ISSN (print)2281-5872
ISSN (online)2281-7565
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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