How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cellular Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cellular Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Polaszek, A. (2005). A universal register for animal names. Nature 437, 477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Z., and Lin, H. (2004). Nanos maintains germline stem cell self-renewal by preventing differentiation. Science 303, 2016–2019.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahn, K. H., Lookman, T., and Bishop, A. R. (2004). Strain-induced metal-insulator phase coexistence in perovskite manganites. Nature 428, 401–404.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Maga, G., Villani, G., Crespan, E., Wimmer, U., Ferrari, E., Bertocci, B., et al. (2007). 8-oxo-guanine bypass by human DNA polymerases in the presence of auxiliary proteins. Nature 447, 606–608.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benitez, M., Davidson, J., and Flaxman, L. (2009). Small Schools, Big Ideas. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Penczek, W. (2006). Advances in Verification of Time Petri Nets and Timed Automata: A Temporal Logic Approach. , ed. A. Pólrola Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
d’Andréa-Novel, B., and De Lara, M. (2013). “Stability of an Equilibrium Point,” in Control Theory for Engineers: A Primer, ed. M. De Lara (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 71–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cellular Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Scientists Discover A Species of Desert Plant That Obtains Water From Rock. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). FAA Systems: Serious Challenges Remain in Resolving Year 2000 and Computer Security Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mustico, J. P. (2010). Perception and preference comparison of managers’ behaviors on sales and non -sales employees: A case study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). Mets Have Little Time To Get Into Wild-Card Race. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Polaszek, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Wang and Lin, 2004; Polaszek, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Lin, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Maga et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cellular Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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