How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cellular Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cellular Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, A. B. (2003). Paleontology. Making the best of a patchy fossil record. Science 301, 321–322.
A journal article with 2 authors
Riddihough, G., and Zahn, L. M. (2010). Epigenetics. What is epigenetics? Introduction. Science 330, 611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, M., Butka, E., and Wang, X. (2014). Comprehensive quantification of triacylglycerols in soybean seeds by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry with multiple neutral loss scans. Sci. Rep. 4, 6581.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tsuji, M., Komatsu, N., Kawamoto, S., Suzuki, K., Kanagawa, O., Honjo, T., et al. (2009). Preferential generation of follicular B helper T cells from Foxp3+ T cells in gut Peyer’s patches. Science 323, 1488–1492.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morana, J. (2013). Sustainable Supply Chain Management. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Maimon, O., and Rokach, L. eds. (2008). Soft Computing for Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Szathmary, L., Valtchev, P., and Napoli, A. (2010). “Finding Minimal Rare Itemsets and Rare Association Rules,” in Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: 4th International Conference, KSEM 2010, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, September 1-3, 2010. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. Y. Bi and M.-A. Williams (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 16–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cellular Endocrinology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). 101 Butterfly Genomes Explain Monarch Migration Prowess. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Scientific Research: Continued Vigilance Critical to Protecting Human Subjects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lim, L. (2010). Dual-class vs. single-class firms: Information environment.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2015). Becoming a Vampire, or Almost Anything Else. New York Times, WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smith, 2003; Riddihough and Zahn, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Riddihough and Zahn, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Tsuji et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cellular Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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