How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cellular Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cellular Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Binzel, R. P. (2012). Planetary science. A golden spike for planetary science. Science 338, 203–204.
A journal article with 2 authors
Day, J., and Beamish, J. (2007). Low-temperature shear modulus changes in solid 4He and connection to supersolidity. Nature 450, 853–856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beldade, P., Brakefield, P. M., and Long, A. D. (2002). Contribution of Distal-less to quantitative variation in butterfly eyespots. Nature 415, 315–318.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hug, H. J., Lantz, M. A., Abdurixit, A., van Schendel, P. J., Hoffmann, R., Kappenberger, P., et al. (2001). Subatomic features in atomic force microscopy images. Science 291, 2509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli, D. (2007). IP Multicast with Applications to IPTV and Mobile DVB-H. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Miller Onzm B A B Sc , and Dennison J P M Sc eds. (2015). An Outline of Psychiatry in Clinical Lectures: The Lectures of Carl Wernicke. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Scaramuzza, G. (2010). “Antonio Banfi,” in Handbook of Phenomenological Aesthetics Contributions To Phenomenology., eds. H. R. Sepp and L. Embree (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 29–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cellular Endocrinology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017). We Just Got An Amazing View Of A Huge Lava Lake On Jupiter’s Moon Io. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Acquisition--Fair, Reasonable, Supported. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cornelius, D. A. (2014). The value of Scrum to organizations: A case study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2010). For Future Iron Chefs, More Places to Learn. New York Times, NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Binzel, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Binzel, 2012; Day and Beamish, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Day and Beamish, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Hug et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cellular Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

Other styles