How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cellular Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cellular Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marris, E. (2006). Sugar cane and ethanol: drink the best and drive the rest. Nature 444, 670–672.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kippenberg, T. J., and Vahala, K. J. (2008). Cavity optomechanics: back-action at the mesoscale. Science 321, 1172–1176.
A journal article with 3 authors
West-Eberhard, M. J., Smith, J. A. C., and Winter, K. (2011). Plant science. Photosynthesis, reorganized. Science 332, 311–312.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chang, C.-Y., Krishnan, T., Wang, H., Chen, Y., Yin, W.-F., Chong, Y.-M., et al. (2014). Non-antibiotic quorum sensing inhibitors acting against N-acyl homoserine lactone synthase as druggable target. Sci. Rep. 4, 7245.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krings, A., and Braham, R. R. (2008). Guide to Tendrillate Climbers of Costa Rican Mountains. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing.
An edited book
Sun, J., Liu, J., Fan, S., and Lu, X. eds. (2015). China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2015 Proceedings: Volume II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Watson, R. N. M., Murdoch, S. J., Gudka, K., Anderson, J., Neumann, P. G., and Laurie, B. (2013). “Towards a Theory of Application Compartmentalisation,” in Security Protocols XXI: 21st International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, March 19-20, 2013, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. B. Christianson, J. Malcolm, F. Stajano, J. Anderson, and J. Bonneau (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 19–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cellular Endocrinology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016). The Secret Of The Amazing Rising Island Revealed. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976). Rotation Policies and Practices Have Been Changed for the Better--But Room for Improvement Remains. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, F. (2010). Grant proposal: Providing effective screening, training, and supervision for an at-risk youth mentoring program.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017). For Revival, MTV Pivots To Its Past. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marris, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Marris, 2006; Kippenberg and Vahala, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kippenberg and Vahala, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Chang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cellular Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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