How to format your references using the Mathematical and Computer Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical and Computer Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Bowen, Hydrology: The diversified economics of soil water, Nature. 525 (2015) 43–44.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Benedito, R.H. Adams, Development. Aorta’s cardinal secret, Science. 326 (2009) 242–243.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.Y. Huang, M.A. Ayliffe, J.N. Timmis, Direct measurement of the transfer rate of chloroplast DNA into the nucleus, Nature. 422 (2003) 72–76.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Lee, P. Kermani, K.K. Teng, B.L. Hempstead, Regulation of cell survival by secreted proneurotrophins, Science. 294 (2001) 1945–1948.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N.W. Galwey, Introduction to Mixed Modelling, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
R.J. Shepherd, Heritage Management, Tourism, and Governance in China: Managing the Past to Serve the Present, Springer, New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Ferrandiz, V. Marangozova, Managing Scheduling and Replication in the LHC Grid, in: R. Yahyapour, W. Ziegler (Eds.), Grid Middleware and Services: Challenges and Solutions, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2008: pp. 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical and Computer Modelling.

Blog post
J. Davis, Bioluminescence In Fish Is Far More Widespread Than Previously Thought, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, K-12 Education: Many Challenges Arise in Educating Students Who Change Schools Frequently, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.R. Konzem, Tenability and Computability of Generalized Pólya Urns, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Williams, Books by Clare Beams, Hans Herbert Grimm, April Ayers Lawson and Kelly Luce, New York Times. (2016) C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical and Computer Modelling
AbbreviationMath. Comput. Model.
ISSN (print)0895-7177
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Modelling and Simulation

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