How to format your references using the Mathematical and Computer Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematical and Computer Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Q. Wang, China has the capacity to lead in carbon trading, Nature. 493 (2013) 273.
A journal article with 2 authors
L.A. Cahoon, H.S. Seifert, An alternative DNA structure is necessary for pilin antigenic variation in Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Science. 325 (2009) 764–767.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Sachs, Z. Lin, J. Shi, Ferroelectric-like SrTiO3 surface dipoles probed by graphene, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3657.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.A. Sliter, J. Martinez, L. Hao, X. Chen, N. Sun, T.D. Fischer, J.L. Burman, Y. Li, Z. Zhang, D.P. Narendra, H. Cai, M. Borsche, C. Klein, R.J. Youle, Parkin and PINK1 mitigate STING-induced inflammation, Nature. 561 (2018) 258–262.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Dimond, Legal Aspects of Occupational Therapy, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
M. Larhed, K. Olofssonq, eds., Microwave Methods in Organic Synthesis, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Håkanson, A.C. Bryhn, Nutrients and Representativity of Data, in: A.C. Bryhn (Ed.), Tools and Criteria for Sustainable Coastal Ecosystem Management: Examples from the Baltic Sea and Other Aquatic Systems, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 59–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematical and Computer Modelling.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Here’s Why People Believe In Ghosts, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Significant Actions Needed to Address Long-standing Financial Management Problems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T.-W.D. Liu, Isolation and Characterization of pco-1, which Encodes a Regulatory Protein that Controls Purine Degradation in Neurospora crassa, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, S.E.C. Suggests Reforms Of Municipal Bond Market, New York Times. (2012) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematical and Computer Modelling
AbbreviationMath. Comput. Model.
ISSN (print)0895-7177
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Modelling and Simulation

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