How to format your references using the International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lyons TW (2008) Ocean science. Ironing out ocean chemistry at the dawn of animal life. Science 321:923–924
A journal article with 2 authors
Estrin D, Sim I (2010) Health care delivery. Open mHealth architecture: an engine for health care innovation. Science 330:759–760
A journal article with 3 authors
Nilius N, Wallis TM, Ho W (2002) Development of one-dimensional band structure in artificial gold chains. Science 297:1853–1856
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lunt DJ, Foster GL, Haywood AM, Stone EJ (2008) Late Pliocene Greenland glaciation controlled by a decline in atmospheric CO2 levels. Nature 454:1102–1105

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Salles M (2015) Decision-Making and the Information System. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Crescenzi R, Percoco M (eds) (2013) Geography, Institutions and Regional Economic Performance. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Sugimura H, Yamada H, Kageyama S, et al (2011) Glioblastoma: Germline Mutation of TP53. In: Hayat MA (ed) Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 2: Gliomas: Glioblastoma (Part 2). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 31–38

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Spectacular Photograph Shows Earliest Stars That Formed In Our Universe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weitkunat S (2015) Facies and Log Analysis of the Tuscaloosa Marine Shale. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices Will Decide if Handgun Kept at Home Is Individual Right. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lyons 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lyons 2008; Estrin and Sim 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Estrin and Sim 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lunt et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
AbbreviationInt. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health
ISSN (print)0340-0131
ISSN (online)1432-1246
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles