How to format your references using the International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schaffer S (2011) The laird of physics. Nature 471:289–291
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang Z-G, Zhang C-T (2013) A proposal for a novel impact factor as an alternative to the JCR impact factor. Sci Rep 3:3410
A journal article with 3 authors
Oliet SH, Piet R, Poulain DA (2001) Control of glutamate clearance and synaptic efficacy by glial coverage of neurons. Science 292:923–926
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hsueh YP, Wang TF, Yang FC, Sheng M (2000) Nuclear translocation and transcription regulation by the membrane-associated guanylate kinase CASK/LIN-2. Nature 404:298–302

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rhee MY (2013) Wireless Mobile Internet Security. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bahadori A (2013) Essentials of Water Systems Design in the Oil, Gas, and Chemical Processing Industries. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Kerr CIV, Phaal R, Probert DR (2013) Roadmapping as a Responsive Mode to Government Policy: A Goal-Orientated Approach to Realising a Vision. In: Moehrle MG, Isenmann R, Phaal R (eds) Technology Roadmapping for Strategy and Innovation: Charting the Route to Success. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 67–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Brain Pathway Rediscovered After 100 Years. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Transportation Security Information Sharing: Stakeholders Generally Satisfied but TSA Could Improve Analysis, Awareness, and Accountability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kent L (2017) Justification-Suppression of Gender and Race Bias in Hiring: The Impact of Accountability. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker L (2009) Redevelopment Project Doubles as Social Experiment. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schaffer 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Schaffer 2011; Yang and Zhang 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Zhang 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hsueh et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
AbbreviationInt. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health
ISSN (print)0340-0131
ISSN (online)1432-1246
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles