How to format your references using the International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lenski RE (2001) Twice as natural. Nature 414:255
A journal article with 2 authors
Johansson MEV, Hansson GC (2011) Microbiology. Keeping bacteria at a distance. Science 334:182–183
A journal article with 3 authors
Wagner CE, Harmon LJ, Seehausen O (2012) Ecological opportunity and sexual selection together predict adaptive radiation. Nature 487:366–369
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Johnson AP, Cleaves HJ, Dworkin JP, et al (2008) The Miller volcanic spark discharge experiment. Science 322:404

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walter RJ (1998) Local Emergency Planning Committee Guidebook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Agrawal A, Britz G (eds) (2016) Pediatric Vascular Neurosurgery: Principles and Practice of Neurovascular Disorders (Part 1). Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Liu Y, Li S (2010) Hybrid Good Point Set Evolutionary Strategy for Constrained Optimization. In: Huang D-S, McGinnity M, Heutte L, Zhang X-P (eds) Advanced Intelligent Computing Theories and Applications: 6th International Conference on Intelligent Computing, ICIC 2010, Changsha, China, August 18-21, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 30–39

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Songbirds Share Our Musical Scales. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1966) The Audit Function in the Automatic Data Processing System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pasricha LA (2010) North African women in Spain: Dreams and reality, identity and belonging. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff J (2017) Massachusetts Start-Up Trumpets Advance in Battery Capacity. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lenski 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lenski 2001; Johansson and Hansson 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johansson and Hansson 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnson et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
AbbreviationInt. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health
ISSN (print)0340-0131
ISSN (online)1432-1246
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles