How to format your references using the International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Neu U (2008) Is recent major hurricane activity normal? Nature 451:E5; discussion E6
A journal article with 2 authors
van der Marel D, Sawatzky GA (2014) Physics. An optical twist for triplet superconductors. Science 345:138–139
A journal article with 3 authors
Li X, Roberti R, Blobel G (2015) Structure of an integral membrane sterol reductase from Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum. Nature 517:104–107
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rasoloniaina A, Huet V, Nguyên TKN, et al (2014) Controling the coupling properties of active ultrahigh-Q WGM microcavities from undercoupling to selective amplification. Sci Rep 4:4023

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt AB (2011) Financial Markets and Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pan Z, Cheok AD, Müller W, Rhalibi AE (eds) (2009) Transactions on Edutainment II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Valdez-Hernández M (2015) Vegetative and Reproductive Plant Phenology. In: Islebe GA, Calmé S, León-Cortés JL, Schmook B (eds) Biodiversity and Conservation of the Yucatán Peninsula. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) John Nash And His Contribution To Game Theory And Economics. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Health, Education and Human Services Information Systems Issue Area--Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Okada H (2008) Modulation of BACE1 by a novel sorting nexin in Alzheimer’s disease. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shattuck K (2017) A Break From ‘House of Cards’ Intrigue. New York Times MB2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Neu 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Neu 2008; van der Marel and Sawatzky 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van der Marel and Sawatzky 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Rasoloniaina et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
AbbreviationInt. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health
ISSN (print)0340-0131
ISSN (online)1432-1246
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles