How to format your references using the International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huch M (2015) Regenerative biology: The versatile and plastic liver. Nature 517:155–156
A journal article with 2 authors
Hale MS, Rivkin RB (2006) Comment on “Nature of phosphorus limitation in the ultraoligotrophic eastern Mediterranean.” Science 312:1748; author reply 1748
A journal article with 3 authors
Marshall CH, Pielke RA Sr, Steyaert LT (2003) Wetlands: crop freezes and land-use change in Florida. Nature 426:29–30
A journal article with 5 or more authors
McKee RA, Walker FJ, Nardelli MB, et al (2003) The interface phase and the Schottky barrier for a crystalline dielectric on silicon. Science 300:1726–1730

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thornicroft G, Semrau M, Alem A, et al (2011) Community Mental Health. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Al-Khayri JM, Jain SM, Johnson DV (eds) (2015) Date Palm Genetic Resources and Utilization: Volume 1: Africa and the Americas. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Tilkemeier PL (2016) Accreditation and International Perspectives. In: Tilkemeier PL, Hendel RC, Heller GV, Case JA (eds) Quality Evaluation in Non-Invasive Cardiovascular Imaging. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 37–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Edge Closer To Universal Flu Vaccine. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Strategic Sourcing: Improved and Expanded Use Could Provide Procurement Savings for Federal Information Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koyanagi T (2017) Design and Synthesis of Archaea-Inspired Tetraether Lipids. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith M, GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES (2017) Pipeline Again Divides Nebraska. New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huch 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hale and Rivkin 2006; Huch 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hale and Rivkin 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (McKee et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
AbbreviationInt. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health
ISSN (print)0340-0131
ISSN (online)1432-1246
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles