How to format your references using the Advanced Powder Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Powder Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Forde, The class of 2005: Germany. Tracking pollutants, Science. 310 (2005) 521.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Hetzel, A. Hampel, Slip rate variations on normal faults during glacial-interglacial changes in surface loads, Nature. 435 (2005) 81–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Hosoya, S.A. Baccus, M. Meister, Dynamic predictive coding by the retina, Nature. 436 (2005) 71–77.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Caiazzo, M.T. Dell’Anno, E. Dvoretskova, D. Lazarevic, S. Taverna, D. Leo, T.D. Sotnikova, A. Menegon, P. Roncaglia, G. Colciago, G. Russo, P. Carninci, G. Pezzoli, R.R. Gainetdinov, S. Gustincich, A. Dityatev, V. Broccoli, Direct generation of functional dopaminergic neurons from mouse and human fibroblasts, Nature. 476 (2011) 224–227.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V. Raghavan, Combustion Technology, John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
A.-T. Tymieniecka, P. Trutty-Coohill, eds., The Cosmos and the Creative Imagination, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Benesty, J. Chen, E.A.P. Habets, Multichannel Speech Enhancement with Filters, in: J. Chen, E.A.P. Habets (Eds.), Speech Enhancement in the STFT Domain, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 77–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Powder Technology.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, The Search For Extraterrestrial Life In The Water Worlds Close To Home, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, U.S. Statistics on International Technology Transfer: Need for Additional Measures, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Sampson, The effects of foster care on children: A comparison of 18th century through modern day foster care practices, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Wines, M. Fernandez, Stricter Rules Over Voter IDs Reshape Races, New York Times. (2016) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Powder Technology
AbbreviationAdv. Powder Technol.
ISSN (print)0921-8831
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

Other styles