How to format your references using the Advanced Powder Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Powder Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Thomas, Cardiovascular biology, Nature. 473 (2011) 297.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.-K. Tseng, S.-C. Cheng, Both catalytic steps of nuclear pre-mRNA splicing are reversible, Science. 320 (2008) 1782–1784.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. Galy, B. Peucker-Ehrenbrink, T. Eglinton, Global carbon export from the terrestrial biosphere controlled by erosion, Nature. 521 (2015) 204–207.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X.-R. Gao, S.-L. Zhang, Y.-F. Yang, G.-R. Han, FEN1 -69G>A and 4150G>T polymorphisms and cancer risk in Chinese population, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6183.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Shreves, B. Dunwoodie, Drupal® 7 Bible, Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA, 2011.
An edited book
I. Müller, Entropy and Energy: A Universal Competition, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Jammazi, Oil Shock Transmission to Stock Market Returns: Wavelet-Multivariate Markov Switching GARCH Approach, in: S. Ramos, H. Veiga (Eds.), The Interrelationship Between Financial and Energy Markets, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014: pp. 71–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Powder Technology.

Blog post
T. Hale, There’s Been An Actual Snake On A Plane, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Library Services for Those with Disabilities: Additional Steps Needed to Ease Access to Services and Modernize Technology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Schutt, Topics in model-based population inference, Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
K. Crow, In the East Village, an Unusual Bid to Fix Up a Firehouse . . , New York Times. (2003) 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Powder Technology
AbbreviationAdv. Powder Technol.
ISSN (print)0921-8831
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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