How to format your references using the Advanced Powder Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Powder Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Hapgood, Astrophysics: Prepare for the coming space weather storm, Nature. 484 (2012) 311–313.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.B. Davis, R.G. Shaw, Range shifts and adaptive responses to Quaternary climate change, Science. 292 (2001) 673–679.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Yoshida, M. Sukeno, Y.-I. Nabeshima, A vasculature-associated niche for undifferentiated spermatogonia in the mouse testis, Science. 317 (2007) 1722–1726.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T.H. Dixon, F. Amelung, A. Ferretti, F. Novali, F. Rocca, R. Dokka, G. Sella, S.-W. Kim, S. Wdowinski, D. Whitman, Space geodesy: subsidence and flooding in New Orleans, Nature. 441 (2006) 587–588.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G.S. Matte, Perfusion for Congenital Heart Surgery, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
S. Ogawa, ed., Organic Electronics Materials and Devices, 1st ed. 2015, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Beck, R. Geoghegan, Recursion, in: R. Geoghegan (Ed.), The Art of Proof: Basic Training for Deeper Mathematics, Springer, New York, NY, 2010: pp. 33–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Powder Technology.

Blog post
J. Fang, Sexy Peacocks Fly Fine, Even With Extravagant Tails, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Lands: Information on the Use and Impact of Off-Highway Vehicles, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.K. Jakubowski, Making character education a reality: An investigation of secondary teachers’ perspectives toward implementation, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Williams, Hey, Modernity, They’re Just Not Into You, New York Times. (2017) C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Powder Technology
AbbreviationAdv. Powder Technol.
ISSN (print)0921-8831
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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