How to format your references using the Advanced Powder Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Powder Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Malakoff, ELECTION 2000: Uncertainty Wins by a Landslide, Science. 290 (2000) 1277–1279.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Pastinen, T.J. Hudson, Cis-acting regulatory variation in the human genome, Science. 306 (2004) 647–650.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Jiang, N. Huang, Y. Zhu, Analysis of wind-blown sand movement over transverse dunes, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7114.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.-M. Li, Z.-X. Jin, F. Hagedorn, M.-H. Li, Short-term parasite-infection alters already the biomass, activity and functional diversity of soil microbial communities, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Schrör, Acetylsalicylic Acid, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2016.
An edited book
K. Madani, A. Dourado, A. Rosa, J. Filipe, J. Kacprzyk, eds., Computational Intelligence: Revised and Selected Papers of the International Joint Conference, IJCCI 2013, Vilamoura, Portugal, September 20-22, 2013, 1st ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Schneider, Comment on: EU Export Specialization Patterns in Selected Accession Countries, in: P.J.J. Welfens, A. Wziątek-Kubiak (Eds.), Structural Change and Exchange Rate Dynamics: The Economics of EU Eastern Enlargement, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005: pp. 73–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Powder Technology.

Blog post
B. Taub, New Study Reveals The History Of Cats’ Global Empire, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Export Controls: International Space Station Technology Transfers, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Harris, Stone circles and sandplay therapy: The language of symbols, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, The Roberts Court Takes On Abortion, New York Times. (2006) WK14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Powder Technology
AbbreviationAdv. Powder Technol.
ISSN (print)0921-8831
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials

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