How to format your references using the International Archives of Allergy and Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Archives of Allergy and Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ricci-Tersenghi F. Mathematics. Being glassy without being hard to solve. Science. 2010 Dec;330(6011):1639–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parsons J, Wand Y. A question of class. Nature. 2008 Oct;455(7216):1040–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dahl CD, Chen C-C, Rasch MJ. Own-race and own-species advantages in face perception: a computational view. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct;4:6654.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Smith CM, Venkataraman N, Gallagher MT, Müller D, West JA, Borrelli NF, et al. Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre. Nature. 2003 Aug;424(6949):657–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kramer-Moore D, Moore M. Destructive Myths in Family Therapy. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
von Weizsäcker EU, editor. Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker: A Pioneer on Environmental, Climate and Energy Policies. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Stauffer SD, Maggiori C, Froidevaux A, Rossier J. Adaptability in Action: Using Personality, Interest, and Values Data to Help Clients Increase Their Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Career Meta-capacities. In: Coetzee M, editor. Psycho-social Career Meta-capacities: Dynamics of contemporary career development. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014; pp 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Archives of Allergy and Immunology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Could Tau Ceti Be Humanity’s Next Home? [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Apr [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Supercomputing in Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roan R. Depth and Digital in Conversation: Practicing Marriage and Family Therapy Directly With Video Game Avatars. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. A Run to Twilight at the Millrose Games. New York Times. 2010 Jan;B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
AbbreviationInt. Arch. Allergy Immunol.
ISSN (print)1018-2438
ISSN (online)1423-0097
General Medicine
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles