How to format your references using the International Archives of Allergy and Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Archives of Allergy and Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Mottron L. Changing perceptions: The power of autism. Nature. 2011 Nov;479(7371):33–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Kang S, Douglas T. Biochemistry. Some enzymes just need a space of their own. Science. 2010 Jan;327(5961):42–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Mazmanian SK, Round JL, Kasper DL. A microbial symbiosis factor prevents intestinal inflammatory disease. Nature. 2008 May;453(7195):620–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
van Leeuwen JFN, Froyd CA, van der Knaap WO, Coffey EE, Tye A, Willis KJ. Fossil pollen as a guide to conservation in the Galapagos. Science. 2008 Nov;322(5905):1206.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Sutt J, Lill I, Müürsepp O. The Engineer’s Manual of Construction Site Planning. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
1
Chen H, Wang F-Y, Yang CC, Zeng D, Chau M, Chang K, editors. Intelligence and Security Informatics: International Workshop, WISI 2006, Singapore, April 9, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Bambi C, Dolgov AD. Kinetics and Thermodynamics in Cosmology. In: Dolgov AD, editor. Introduction to Particle Cosmology: The Standard Model of Cosmology and its Open Problems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016; pp 71–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Archives of Allergy and Immunology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Planet Smaller than Earth Located Over 200 Light Years Away [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jun [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/planet-smaller-earth-located-over-200-light-years-away/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Delegation of GSA Procurement Authority for Automatic Data Processing Equipment Acquisitions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Crane CC. A Qualitative Study on the Preferred Working Environment of Southern California Secondary Teachers with Experience in Both a District Traditional School and a District Charter School. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Prochnik G. Now Don’t Hear This. New York Times. 2010 May;WK11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
AbbreviationInt. Arch. Allergy Immunol.
ISSN (print)1018-2438
ISSN (online)1423-0097
ScopeImmunology
General Medicine
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles