How to format your references using the International Aquatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Aquatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McLean AR (2013) Epidemiology. Coming to an airport near you. Science 342:1330–1331
A journal article with 2 authors
Medina-Elizalde M, Lea DW (2005) The mid-Pleistocene transition in the tropical Pacific. Science 310:1009–1012
A journal article with 3 authors
Pasham DR, Strohmayer TE, Mushotzky RF (2014) A 400-solar-mass black hole in the galaxy M82. Nature 513:74–76
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Fadrique B, Báez S, Duque Á, et al (2018) Widespread but heterogeneous responses of Andean forests to climate change. Nature

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Atherton J, Gil F, Center for Chemical Process Safety (2008) Incidents That Define Process Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Yao T (ed) (2011) Zero-Carbon Energy Kyoto 2010: Proceedings of the Second International Symposium of Global COE Program “Energy Science in the Age of Global Warming—Toward CO2 Zero-emission Energy System.” Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Girtz K, Mullins B, Rice M, Lopez J (2016) Practical Application Layer Emulation in Industrial Control System Honeypots. In: Rice M, Shenoi S (eds) Critical Infrastructure Protection X: 10th IFIP WG 11.10 International Conference, ICCIP 2016, Arlington, VA, USA, March 14-16, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 83–98

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Aquatic Research.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Huge Gas Stream 2.6 Million Light-Years Across Spotted. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Insurance Regulation: The Insurance Regulatory Information System Needs Improvement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thirumal VM (2017) Production of Microbial Lipids from Lipomyces starkeyi. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M, Lehren AW (2014) A Tennis Board Woven With Conflicts. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McLean 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Medina-Elizalde and Lea 2005; McLean 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Medina-Elizalde and Lea 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Fadrique et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Aquatic Research
AbbreviationInt. Aquat. Res.
ISSN (print)2008-4935
ISSN (online)2008-6970
ScopeAquatic Science

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