How to format your references using the International Aquatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Aquatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lichten M (2015) Molecular biology. Putting the breaks on meiosis. Science 350:913
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayraktar OA, Doe CQ (2013) Combinatorial temporal patterning in progenitors expands neural diversity. Nature 498:449–455
A journal article with 3 authors
Colombo MG, Franzoni C, Rossi-Lamastra C (2015) ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Cash from the crowd. Science 348:1201–1202
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Silevitch DM, Bitko D, Brooke J, et al (2007) A ferromagnet in a continuously tunable random field. Nature 448:567–570

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grant G (2012) Ecosystem Services Come to Town. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Arnold VI (2006) Mathematical Aspects of Classical and Celestial Mechanics: Third Edition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Goldstein I, Silberstein J (2011) Physiology of Female Genital Sexual Arousal. In: Mulhall JP, Incrocci L, Goldstein I, Rosen R (eds) Cancer and Sexual Health. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 51–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Aquatic Research.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Sonar Images Reveal A WW2 Submarine Sunk By A Nazi Ship. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Continued Coordination, Operational Data, and Performance Standards Needed to Guide Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shimpeno PD (2010) Consumed: Simple Choices, Complex Problems. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2015) Friday File. New York Times C34

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lichten 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bayraktar and Doe 2013; Lichten 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bayraktar and Doe 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Silevitch et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Aquatic Research
AbbreviationInt. Aquat. Res.
ISSN (print)2008-4935
ISSN (online)2008-6970
ScopeAquatic Science

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