How to format your references using the International Aquatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Aquatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rodrigues ASL (2007) Effective global conservation strategies. Nature 450:E19; author reply E20
A journal article with 2 authors
Raes F, Swart R (2007) Climate change. Climate assessment: what’s next? Science 318:1386
A journal article with 3 authors
Vasudevan S, Tong Y, Steitz JA (2007) Switching from repression to activation: microRNAs can up-regulate translation. Science 318:1931–1934
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bradley KA, Mogridge J, Mourez M, et al (2001) Identification of the cellular receptor for anthrax toxin. Nature 414:225–229

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paterson S, Tobias K (2012) Atlas of ear diseases of the dog and cat. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Ostafin BD, Robinson MD, Meier BP (eds) (2015) Handbook of Mindfulness and Self-Regulation, 1st ed. 2015. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Nowak P (2012) Competitiveness of EU Region and Sustainable Development Policies Measures in Logistics: Experiences of Emilia Romagna. In: Golinska P, Hajdul M (eds) Sustainable Transport: New Trends and Business Practices. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 67–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Aquatic Research.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Food For Thought: Feeding Our Growing Population With Flies. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Procurement Equipment for St. Louis Postal Data Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Curiel AR (2013) A re-examination of the Meyers and Volbrecht motor equation for the identification of suspect effort. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K, Stevenson A (2017) Soros Fund Plucks Executive From UBS to Lead Investing. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rodrigues 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Raes and Swart 2007; Rodrigues 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raes and Swart 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Bradley et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Aquatic Research
AbbreviationInt. Aquat. Res.
ISSN (print)2008-4935
ISSN (online)2008-6970
ScopeAquatic Science

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