How to format your references using the International Aquatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Aquatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coleman P (2000) Superconductivity. On the verge of magnetism. Nature 406:580–581
A journal article with 2 authors
Després J-P, Lemieux I (2006) Abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome. Nature 444:881–887
A journal article with 3 authors
Hosseini P, Wright CD, Bhaskaran H (2014) An optoelectronic framework enabled by low-dimensional phase-change films. Nature 511:206–211
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yamaguchi D, Furukawa K, Takasuga M, Watanabe K (2014) A magnetic carbon sorbent for radioactive material from the Fukushima nuclear accident. Sci Rep 4:6053

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arduin P-E, Grundstein M, Rosenthal-Sabroux C (2015) Information and Knowledge System. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Mattens F (ed) (2008) Meaning and Language: Phenomenological Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Marelli E, Signorelli M (2010) Transition, Regional Features, Growth and Labour Market Dynamics. In: Caroleo FE, Pastore F (eds) The Labour Market Impact of the EU Enlargement: A New Regional Geography of Europe? Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp 99–147

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Aquatic Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Parasitic wasp turns roaches into zombie slaves using neurotoxic cocktail. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Information Technology: Copyright Office Needs To Develop Plans that Address Technical and Organizational Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Astorga J (2012) Mentoring program for emancipated foster youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grimes W (2016) Nina Ponomareva, Winner of Historic Gold, Dies at 87. New York Times B7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coleman 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Coleman 2000; Després and Lemieux 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Després and Lemieux 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamaguchi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Aquatic Research
AbbreviationInt. Aquat. Res.
ISSN (print)2008-4935
ISSN (online)2008-6970
ScopeAquatic Science

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