How to format your references using the International Aquatic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Aquatic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laursen L (2015) Botany: The cultivation of weed. Nature 525:S4-5
A journal article with 2 authors
Calais E, Stein S (2009) Time-variable deformation in the New Madrid seismic zone. Science 323:1442
A journal article with 3 authors
Jia CL, Lentzen M, Urban K (2003) Atomic-resolution imaging of oxygen in perovskite ceramics. Science 299:870–873
A journal article with 5 or more authors
White PM, Doetzlhofer A, Lee YS, et al (2006) Mammalian cochlear supporting cells can divide and trans-differentiate into hair cells. Nature 441:984–987

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramm AG, Hoang NS (2011) Dynamical Systems Method and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Darie C (2006) Beginning ASP.NET 2.0 E-Commerce in C# 2005: From Novice to Professional. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Matloff G, Bangs C, Johnson L (2014) Earth Before People: Utopia or Nightmare? In: Bangs C, Johnson L (eds) Harvesting Space for a Greener Earth. Springer, New York, NY, pp 33–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Aquatic Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What Would Happen If You Touched A Black Hole? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) District of Columbia: Chronology of Events Related to the Metropolitan Police Use of $15 Million Appropriation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morrow ST (2012) Coboundary theorems for collections of random variables with moment conditions. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Justices Hear Arguments Over Whether Foreigners Have Reciprocal Rights in the U.S. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laursen 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Calais and Stein 2009; Laursen 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Calais and Stein 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (White et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Aquatic Research
AbbreviationInt. Aquat. Res.
ISSN (print)2008-4935
ISSN (online)2008-6970
ScopeAquatic Science

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