How to format your references using the Integration, the VLSI Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integration, the VLSI Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, Demographic shifts, Nature. 414 (2001) 3.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Rignot, P. Kanagaratnam, Changes in the velocity structure of the Greenland Ice Sheet, Science. 311 (2006) 986–990.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Hacker, U. Hentschel, U. Dobrindt, Prokaryotic chromosomes and disease, Science. 301 (2003) 790–793.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Pansieri, C. Pandolfini, V. Elie, M.A. Turner, S. Kotecha, E. Jacqz-Aigrain, M. Bonati, Ureaplasma, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and azithromycin in European neonatal intensive care units: a survey, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4076.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.K. Gupta, Modern Hydrology and Sustainable Water Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2010.
An edited book
A. Holzinger, ed., Machine Learning for Health Informatics: State-of-the-Art and Future Challenges, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J.-A. Gauthier, E.D. Widmer, The Destruction of Multiethnic Locations: Markers of Identity and the Determinants of Residential Trajectories, in: D. Spini, G. Elcheroth, D. Corkalo Biruski (Eds.), War, Community, and Social Change: Collective Experiences in the Former Yugoslavia, Springer, New York, NY, 2014: pp. 85–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integration, the VLSI Journal.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Can You Trust Your Ears?, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Can Cost Accounting Help Manage the Rising Costs of ADP Operations?, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.M. Zazworsky, Dumbing down for others: Differences in socially motivated underachievement between working and middle class students, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Cooper, A. Southall, A Subway Rescue by a Ballet Dancer, New York Times. (2017) A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegration, the VLSI Journal
AbbreviationIntegration (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0167-9260
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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